Literature

The ancient authors are usually historians, philosophers or poets, but for this work the geographers retained most of our attention: Agatharchides, Strabo, Pausanias, Pliny the Elder, Ptolemy, Avienus, Mela, and anonymous authors of a Periplus who were, or tell about, sailors such as Odysseus, Hanno, ‘Scylax’, Pytheas, Jason, ‘Stadiasmus’, ‘Scymnos’, ‘Erythrean Sea’, Arrian and ‘Antonine’. Some historians also mention many ports: Thucydide, Titus Livius, Plutarch.

In addition to ports mentioned by ancient authors, some ports have been included as mentioned by modern authors: Karl Lehmann-Hartleben (1923), Honor Frost (1963), David Blackman (1982 & 2014), Talbert’s Barrington Atlas (2000), Nic Flemming (1986), Getzel Cohen (1995 & 2006), Micha Tiverios (2008), Helen Dawson (2013), Anton Gordieiev (2015) and some up to date web sites (http://pleiades.stoa.org/ and http://dare.ht.lu.se/).

The references are listed as ancient authors and as modern authors.

The largest ancient contributors to this catalogue are Ps Scylax and the Stadiasmus with over 600 and 400 ports mentioned explicitly:

  • Scylax: 625
  • Stadiasmus: 408
  • Strabo: 365
  • Antonine: 247
  • Arrian: 207
  • Thucydide: 188
  • Scymnos: 185
  • Ptolemy: 154
  • Pliny the Elder: 152
  • Marcian: 115
  • Titus Livius: 110
  • Plutarch: 59
  • Pausanias: 48

and for modern authors:

  • Barrington (2000) / PLEIADES (2015): around 3000 coastal sites
  • Ahlfeldt / DARE (2015): around 3000 coastal sites
  • Flemming (2002): 1055
  • Lehmann-Hartleben (1923): 303
  • Mauro (2019): 218 Greek harbours
  • Gordieiev (2015): 205
  • Mauro (to come): around 200
  • Dawson (2013): 184 prehistoric landing places
  • Carayon (2008): 183 Phoenician ports
  • Lafon (2001): 119 villae maritimae
  • Cohen (1995 & 2006): 91
  • Tiverios (2008): 75
  • Hazlitt’s Classical Gazetteer (1851): 68
  • Paulys Realencyclopädie (1893-1980): 67