Levant

You can download the latest updated xls table.
You can download this map as a kml file.

Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
3411 Charadros, Charadropolis, Chaladropolis, near Mount Kasion, Casius, Thronos Kesab bay at the border between Turkey and Syria, at the toe of mount el-Aqra
3412 Posidium Prom., Polia Prom., Poseidion, Sidonia Ras el-Bassit, Basit
3413 Pasieria Mina el-Fasri
3414 Leucos Limen, archaic Mahadu, port of archaic Ugarit Minet el-Beida, near Ras Shamra, on R Nahr el-Fidd
3415 Heraclea de Cassiotis, Portus Albus, archaic Resu? Biruti? Diospolis? Ras ibn Hani, North bay
3416 Heraclea de Cassiotis, Portus Albus, archaic Resu? Biruti? Diospolis? Ras ibn Hani, South bay
3417 Laodicea, Laodikeia, Leuke Akte, archaic Ramitha Lattaquie, Lattakieh, at Ras Ziaret
3418 navigable river Probably R Nahr el-Khebir
3419 Qalat er-Rouss
3420 port of archaic Gibala, Gabala, Galba, Ushnatu, Usnatu? 1.5 km NW of Tell Tweini, near Jable, Jablah, Jebleh, on R Rumailiah
3421 Shuksi, Pelleta? Tell Sukas?
3422 Paltos, Paltenorum, Pelleta? on R Baldas, Baudus Arab al-Mulk, Belda al-Mulk, Belde el-Melek, in the outlet of Nahr es-Sinn
3423 Balaneas Prom., Balanaia, Balaneai, Balaneae, Valenie, Balanyas, Boulniyas, Claudia Leukas Baniyas, Banyas
3424 Maraccas, Maraclee near Marqueh, Marqiyé
3425 Karnos, Karne, Carne, Carnus, Carnas, one of the “Tripolis” Tell Qarnum, Qrenan
3426 Antarados, Antharidus, Constantia Tartous, Tortose
3427 Enydra, Enhydra, one of the “Tripolis” Tell Ghamqe
3428 Aradus, Arados insula Arwad, Arvad, Ruad
3429 Marathos, mainland port of Arados, one of the “Tripolis”, on R Marathias Port of Amrit, near Tell Amrit, with temple of Melqart, Maabed, on R Nahr Amrit
3430 islet of el-Habbes, with smaller Abou Ali and Nussonie islets further south
3431 islet of Machroud
3432 Port of Simyra Tabbat el-Hammam, ashlar breakwater on the beach at the toe of the modern one
3433 archaic Simyra, Simirra, Sumur Tell Kazel, on R Nahr el-Abrash
3433.1 R Eleutheros R Nahr el-Kebir, Lebanon-Syria border
3434 Cheikh Zennad, on R Nahr Estouen, Akkar
3435 Arca, Arkite, archaic Irqata, Caesarea ad Libanum Tell Arqa, on Nahr Arqa
3436 Ibirta, Bruttus, on R Merna al-Abde, on R Nahr al-Berid
3437 Orthosia, archaic Ullasa, Anrata, port of Arca, Herakleia, on R Merna Ard Artusi, on R Nahr al-Berid
3438 Tripolis, archaic Wahliya, Wahlia, Mahallata Al-Mina, Tripoli
3439 Al-Mina, Tripoli, islet of el-Baqar
3440 Al-Mina, Tripoli, South bay
3441 Kalamos al-Qalamoun
3442 Ampa, Ampi, Ambi, Trieros, Terus Enfe, canal
3443 Ampa, Ampi, Ambi, Trieros, Terus Enfe
3444 Chekka, Shaqqa North
3445 Chekka, Shaqqa South
3446 Theouprosopon, archaic Shigata el-Heri, near Ras Chekka
3447 Botrys Batroun,  quarry with a wall dug in the rock
3448 Botrys, Batruna, Bitirume? Batroun, South bay
3449 Byblos Jbeil, Medieval port
3450 Byblos Jbeil, bay of Chamiye
3451 Byblos, Gubala, Gubla, Gebal, world’s oldest sea port? (exporting cedar wood to Egypt, ca 3000 BC) Jbeil, bay of Jouret Osman, north of bay of el-Skhiny, near outlet of R Nahr Qassouba
3451.1 Periphereia Tabarja
3452 Palaibyblos, north of R Lycus Jounieh, north of R Nahr el-Kelb
3453 Biruta, Berytos, Beryte, Berut Tell Beirut
3453.1 Biruta, Berytos, Beryte, Berut, Laodikeia in Canaan Borj al-Mina, ancient islet now inland, possible ancient anchorage
3453.2 Biruta, Berytos, Beryte, Berut, Laodikeia in Canaan Beyrouth, Beirut, quay wall in Allemby street (excavation Bey 039)
3454 Biruta, Berytos, Beryte, Berut, Laodikeia in Canaan Beyrouth, Beirut, Minet el-Hosn under Venus Towers
3455 Heldua, Hedua, Hildua, Laodikeia in Canaan? Khalde
3455.1 Leontonpolis, on R Leon, Tamyras, Damouras on R Nahr Damour
3456 Porphyreonpolis near Jiyeh
3457 Alsos Asklepiou, on R Bostrenos Temple of Eshmun, on R Nahr Awali
3458 Sidon Saïda, isle of Zire, with several quarries
3459 Siduna, Sidon, archaic Kar Esarhaddon Saïda, Saida
3460 Siduna, Sidon, archaic Kar Esarhaddon Saïda, quarry on rocky spit on western seafront of the port
3461 Ornithopolis? Bitsupuri? Yarimuta? Tell el-Bourak, el-Burak, near Addusiyye
3462 Tomb of Rhodope? Sabaa Rais (Seven captains) or islet 1 km north of Tyre? Guerin (1879) places this islet only 1 km north of Tyre, but Sabaa Raïs better fits Tatius’ story
3463 Sarepta, Sariptu, Makra Kome Phoenician port at Ras es Shiq, near Sarafand
3464 Sarepta, Sariptu, Makra Kome Roman port at Ras el-Qantara, near Sarafand
3465 Ad Nonum, Adnoun, Ma’rubbu? Adloun
3466 Djar, Zurai, Surri, Suru, Tyr, Tyre, Tyros, Port Nord, Sidonian port Sour, North port
3467 Tyre “Port Sud – Bassin Ouest”, Egyptian port, is not a port but a landfill with a possible quay Sour, South side
3468 Tyre “Port Sud – Bassin Est”, Egyptian port, is not a port but a landfill with a possible quay Sour, South side
3469 Tyre “Port Sud”, Egyptian port, is possibly in this area Sour, South side
3469.1 Palaityros, Palaeotyre, archaic Ushu, Usu, Uzu, Hosah also in this area Tell Mashouk, with lagoon at el-Bass
3469.2 Poidebard’s offshore moles in this area
3469.3 Ras al-Ain artesian wells known to have provided fresh water for Tyr, near Tell Rachidiyeh, Dussaud places Paleotyre/Ushu here in accordance with Strabo’s distance taken north-south
3470 Sinde Biyoud es-Seid, Biout es-Siyad
3471 Alexandroschene Iskandarouna
3472 Hammon, Hamon, Asher Umm el-Awamid, el-Amed, on R Nahr Hamoul
3473 Misrefot-Yam at Lebanon-Israel border
3474 Ekdippa, Acdippa, Kheziv, Gesiv, Cziv Achziv, Akzib
3475 Nea Come? Tell Kabri, el-Qahweh, near Nahariya, on R Ga’aton
3475.1 Nea Come? Khirbet Kabarsa, Balfour street at Nahariya, near R Ga’aton
3476 Ake, Akka, Antiocha Ptolemais, Saint-Jean d’Acre Acre, Akko, with ancient ashlar breakwater under modern one, with ancient lighthouse on Tower of Flies
3477 Archaic Akko, Akka Tell el-Fukhar, South of Tell Akko, Napoleon Hill, on R Na’aman, Na’mein
3478 Exope? Tell Keisan, Kison
3479 R Belos, Belus , famous for glassmaking Tell Afek, Afik, Khirbet Kurdaneh, Kirdani, springs of R Na’aman
3480 Port of Aksaph, Achshaph, near R Pacida, port of Megiddo Tell abu Hawam, Haifa, near R Qishon
3481 Sykamina Shiqmona, Haïfa West
3482 Tell Megadim
3483 Athlit-Yam, submerged off Atlit at 12 m depth
3484 Boukolonpolis, Arados? Athlit, Atlit, with ancient lighthouse(s)
3484.1 Neve-Yam
3485 Tell Nami
3486 Doros, Dora, Dura Dor, Dora, North bay, Moshav Bay
3487 Doros, Dora, Dura, Hellenistic port Dor, Dora, Love Bay
3488 Doros, Dora, Dura, archaic port Dor, Dora, South bay, Nahsholim Bay, near Tantura lagoon
3488.1 Pigeon islets, near Maagan Michael, Magaan Mikhael
3489 Krokodeilonpolis Tell Tannimin, near Tell Mevorach located 2400 m inland at Beit Hanania, on R Tannimin
3490 Stratonos Pyrgos, Tour de Straton, Straton’s Tower Caesarea Maritima, pre-Roman port
3491 Stratonos Pyrgos, Tour de Straton, Straton’s Tower Caesarea Maritima, pre-Roman interior port of Straton’s Tower, with ancient lighthouse
3492 Caesarea Palaestinae, Cesaree, Ace, Sebastos Qesaria, Caesarea Maritima, Roman port of Herod, built from 22 to 10 BC, with Drusion lighthouse
3493 Sdot Yam, fish ponds
3494 port of Burgatha? Giv’at Olga
3495 Tell Mikhmoret
3496 Tell Ifshar, Tell Hefer, on R Alexander
3497 Natania Netanya
3497.1 outlet of R Bdellopotamos Tell Poleg, on R Poleg
3498 Apollonia, Sozousa Arsuf
3499 Tell Michal and Tell Makmish near Herzliya Marina
3500 Tell Gerisa, Jarisha, Napoleon hill, on R Yarkon
3501 Tell Quasile, Namal Tel Aviv, on R Yarkon
3502 Tell Qudadi, Kudadi, Tell esh-Shuna, on R Yarkon
3503 Joppe, Iope, Iapu, Yapu, Yafo Jaffa, archaic port possibly on ancient outlet of R Ayalon, Roman port possibly further downstream due to sedimentation
3504 port of Iamneia Yavne-Yam, Minet Rubin, near R Sorek
3504.1 Tell Mor, Ashdod, on R Lachish
3505 Asdudimmu, Azotos Paralios, Azot Ashdod-Yam, port possibly located west of the crescent-shaped fortification
3506 Maioma Ascalonitis Ashqelon, Ashkelon
3507 Ascalon, Askaluna, Asqaluna Ashqelon, Ashkelon National Park, near crusader’s fortress
3508 Anthedonius portus, Anthedon, Agrippias Blakhiyah, Khirbet Teda NW of Gaza City
3509 Gazaion Limen, Gazeorum, Seleukeia Gaza, Kadytis, Constantia, Neapolis, Azzati, Hazati, Hazzatu Gaza City
3510 el-Moghraqa
3511 Tell es-Sakan, near wadi Ghazzeh
3512 archaic Sharuhen? on archaic “Brook of Egypt” Tell al-Ajjul, on wadi Ghazzeh, Nahal Habesor
3513 possibly archaic port? on archaic “Brook of Egypt”, archaic “sealed harbour of Egypt”? Taur Ikhbeineh, on wadi Ghazzeh, Nahal Habesor
3514 Gazeorum Portus? on archaic “Brook of Egypt” Tell es-Sanam, on wadi Ghazzeh, Nahal Habesor
3515 Thabatha Umm el-Tut
3516 Deir el-Balah
3517 Tell Ruqeish
3518 Tell Ridan
3519 Raphia Rafah