Ancient Ports in Peloponnese

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
1856 Kremmyon, Krommyon, Crommyon near Agio Theodori
1857 Sidous Sousaki
1858 Schoenitas, Schoenus, Schoinous, with Diolkos ship-transfer trackway Schoenitas
1859 Kenchreai, Cenchrees Kechries
1859.1 Landing beach between Chersonese and Rheitus, Reitou, Rhitum, in 425 BC, south of Helen’s bath Beach south of Loutra Oreas Elenis
1859.2 Lychnari bay, near Kato Vayia fort
1860 Bucephalum, Bucephalas portus, Boukephalos Fragolimano? Frankolimano, Porto Frango, near the border between Corinth and Argolid
1860.1 Anthedos, Anthedus, Athenaion, Atheniensium portus, north of Spiraion, Spireum Prom. Megalo Amoni, Pefkali?
1861 Aghios Petros islet?
1862 Kalamianos, at cape Trelli
1863 Speiraion, port of Stiri, south of Spiraion, Spireum Prom. Korfos
1864 Epidaurum Palaia Epidauros
1864.1 Submerged Roman Villa of the Dolia, at Gialasi
1864.2 Pityonesos insula Agkistrion, on the isle of Angistri, Agkistri
1865 Aigina, Aegina, Enopia, Oinone insula, archaic harbour North of Kolonna hill, on Isle of Egina
1866 Aigina, Aegina, Enopia, Oinone insula, Kryptos Limen, Hidden Harbour, naval base South of Kolonna hill, on Isle of Egina
1867 Aigina, Aegina, Enopia, Oinone insula, commercial port Modern marina, on Isle of Egina
1868 Submerged Roman villa at Psifta
1868.1 “Small harbour” near Stenita isthmus near Kastro Favierou castle
1869 Methana, Arsinoe Palaiokastro, near Magalochori
1869.1 Port of Methana? Vathy
1869.2 Thermae Agios Nikolaos?
1869.3 Agios Konstantinos
1870 Methana, Arsinoe, naval base Methana, with fort on Nisaki island
1871 Celenderis, Kelenderis near Trezen, Trezene?
1872 Pohon, Pogon, Pogonus, port of Troizen port of the Trezenians, port of Calauria
1873 Port of Posedion, naval base, on Kalaureia, Kalauria, Calauria insula, Calauree Agios Nektarios, near Bay of Vagionia on the isle of Poros
1873.1 Kavo Vasili, BA settlement
1873.2 Nisis Modi island
1874 Hydra, Hydrea, Hydroussa insula Ydra, on the isle of Idra
1875 Mycenaean fort at Choriza, on the isle of Idra
1875.1 Port of Episkopi, on the isle of Idra
1876 Aperopia insula Isle of Dokos, with very old shipwreck (ca 2200 BC) at cape Myti Kommeni
1877 Thermasia Thermisia
1877.1 Dardiza
1878 Hermione, Hermion Ermioni
1878.1 Trikrana insula Isle of Trikeri
1879 Pityoussa insula Baltiza bay, Kouzounos, near Spetsai, on Spetses island
1879.1 Pityoussa insula Agia Marina, BA settlement, on Spetses island
1880 Pityoussa insula Zokeria bay, on Spetses island
1881 Halai, Halieis, Haliai, Halias, Halice, Alycus Portocheli
1882 Haliuse insula now connected to the continent at Portocheli?
1883 Mases? Lambayanna beach, near Kiladha, Koilada, near Franchthi cave
1883.1 Struthos, near Strouthos Prom. Tuphekares
1884 Philanorion jetty, Agrioi Limenes, near Strouthos Prom., near R Sellas, near Iria Hellenistic fort near Iria, on R Rados
1884.2 Psili insula Isle of Psili
1884.3 Plateia insula Isle of Platia
1885 Khaidhari, Vivari
1886 Asine of Argolis Asini, Tolo
1886.1 Eiones, near Skyllaion Akra Ormos Artemis, Artemidhos?
1887 Nauplia, Nauplie, port of Argos-Larissa, archaic Nuplija? Nafplion, Nauplie, near Tiryntha
1888 Tiryns, port of Mycenae, archaic Ahhiyawa? Tanaju? (other possible location is Miletos) Tirintha, Tirynthe, with Mycenaean tombs at Mycenae & Dendra-Midea
1889 Temenion, port of Argos? on R Erasinos near Nea Kios, on R Kephalari
1890 Lerna, on R Pontinos Myloi
1891 Genesion, Apobathmoi, near Dine offshore spring Eye of Lileika, near Kiveri
1892 Astron, near R Tanaos Paralio Astros, near R Tanos
1892.1 Thyrea Port possibly at Limni Moustou?
1892.2 Cheronisos, Paralia Agios Andreas, with Neolithic settlement
1893 Methana, Anthana? Agios Andreas, on R Vrasiatis
1894 Tyros Tyros
1895 Prasiae, Brasia Plaka Leonido
1895.1 Makros, near Plaka
1896 Polichna Port Poulithra
1897 Port Cyphanta, Kyphanta Kyparissi
1898 Zarax Quarry at Zarakas, Ierakas
1899 Epidauros Limera, Epidaure-Limere Palaia Monembasia, not to be confused with Epidauros in Argolid
1900 port of Jupiter, Dios Sotera, port of Epidauros Limera Palaia Monembasia
1901 Minoa Prom. Isle of Monemvasia
1902 Delion, Epidelion Agios Phokas, near Agios Stefanos
1902.1 Panagia, near Kato Kastania, near Cape Kamila
1903 Port of Sida, Side Gialos, port of Velanidia?
1904 Malea, Malee Prom. Cape Maleas is not a port, but on the contrary, it is the « Greek Cape Horn » for seafarers
1905 Nymphaion Agia Marina, possible quarry west of Maleas
1905.1 Etis Paleokastro?
1906 Boeae, Boea, Boiai, Boia Neapoli Voion
1907 Pavlo Petri, Pavlopetri, near Onougnathos, Onugnathe Prom. Elafonisos, Elafos, Vigklafia, with quarries, with submerged BA settlement
1908 Kotyrta Paralia near quarry at Daimonia
1909 Asopos Plytra, Plitra, possible Neolithic settlement, with possible ancient lighthouse and quarries 550 m ENE
1910 Kyparissia, Kyparissa Boza, near Asope
1911 Leukai Mpozas
1912 Biandyna Elia
1913 Akriai, Acries Kokkinia
1914 Helos? Archaic port of the Vaphio Mycenaean tomb on R Eurotas? Ayios Stephanos, Stefania
1915 Trinasos, Trianassus Roman fort at Trinisa
1916 Gytheum, Gythium, Gytheion, Gythion, port of Sparta Githio
1917 Port of Las, Laa, near R Smenos Vathy, north of Ageranos, near R Tourkobruos
1917.1 Arainon? near R Skyras Kamares, south of Ageranos, near R Dichovas
1918 Asine of Laconia, Vorthona near Skoutari
1918.1 Fort at Kastro Hill, near Kotronas
1919 Teuthrone Kotronas
1920 Port of Aigila Lalloudes?
1921 Psamathus, Amathus Porto Kagio on Cape Tenare, ex-Matapan
1922 Taenaros, Tainaron Cape Taenarus, Tenare, ex-Matapan, bay near Kokkinogeia with a Poseidon/Neptune temple, quarry at Mianes
1923 Achilleius portus, Achille’s port Marmari, on Cape Taenarus, Tenare, ex-Matapan
1924 Cynaethius , Caenopolis, Kainepolis Kyparissos
1925 Messa? Kastro Tigani, with harbour at Mezapos, quarries at Mezapos
1926 Port of Oitylos, Oetylus Karavostasi, below quarry at Oitylo
1927 Pephnos, Pephnus near Agios Dimitrios
1928 Port of Leutra, Leuktron Stoupa
1929 Kardamyle, Cardamyle, with Mycenaean acropolis Kardamyli
1930 Abia, Homer’s Ire in the Iliad Avia
1931 Homer’s  Pherae in the Iliad, Pharai, Phares, on R Nedon, port of Kalamai? Kalamata, on R Nedontas, with Mycenaean settlement at Antikalamos
1931.1 Roman villa at Loutro Petalidi
1932 Corone, Korone Petalidi, with Mycenaean tomb at Nichoria-Rizomylos
1933 Kolonides Vounaria
1934 Asine of Messenia Koroni
1935 Phoinicos, in front of Oinoussai insulae Foinikounta, in front of the Enusses islands
1935.1 Skhiza, on isle of Schiza
1935.2 Isle of Agia Marina
1935.3 Isle of Sapientza
1935.4 Mpompa near the isle of Sapientza
1935.5 Roson Choma Kokkinia
1936 Mothone, Methone, archaïc Pedasus Modon
1937 Pylos, Koryphasion, Coryphasium Paliokastro, Navarino castle
1938 Port of Pylos Lagoon of Gialova, Divari, Osman-Aga
1939 Archaic port of Mycenaean Nestor’s Palace, Lamos? Telepylos? possible port of the Laestrygonians and stopover of Odysseus Costa Navarino, near Korifasio & Tragana, on R Selas, near Nestor’s Palace at Epano Englianos
1940 Prote insula, in front of Platamodes prom. Isle of Proti, in front of cape Marathos
1941 Erana Agios Kriaki?
1942 Kuparissa, Cyparissie, port of Messene Kiparissia, with Mycenaean tomb at Mirou-Peristeria, 2 km east of Raches
1943 Aulon Ano Kalo Nero
1943.1 R Neda R Neda, navigable
1944 Pyrgos, port of Lepreon? Tholo, near Agios Ilias, at outlet of R Tolo (with possible shipshed on R Neda)
1945 Triphylian Pylos, on R Arkadikos, Mamos Kakovatos? with Mycenaean tombs
1946 Samikon, Samia near Kato Samiko
1947 Epitalion, at outlet of R Alpheios Epitalio, at outlet of R Alfeios
1947.1 Thryon? Thryoessa? at outlet of R Alpheios Epitalio, at outlet of R Alfeios
1947.2 Margana? near Epitalio
1947.3 Letrinoi near Pyrgos?
1948 Pheia, port of Olympia, with triangular Pheia island, near cape Ichthys, possible stopover for Odysseus on Circe’s isle of Aeaea Agios Andreas, with triangular Tigani island, near cape Katakolon
1948.1 Roman villa at Skafidia
1948.2 Agios Athanasios, near Kourouta
1948.3 Kikysion Now submerged west of Amaliada?
1949 Hyrmine, on Chelonatas prom. Kastro, on Chlemoutsi peninsula
1950 Cyllene, Kyllene (port of the Eleans, Elis), Clarens, Glarentza Kyllini, Kyllene
1950.1 Several ancient places at former outlet of R Peneius Ancient outlet of R Peneios
1951 Dumaeorum, Teichos Dymaion, Dyme, on R Larisos Araxos, on R Larisas, Mana
1951.1 Hellenistic fort at Karavostasi, near Karnari
1952 Dyme, Pagasai, on R Peiros, port of Pharae Kato Achaia, on R Peiros
1953 Olenos Kamenitsa, Kaminia
1954 Patrai, Patras, possible Skylla & Charybdis where Odysseus sailed Patras
1954.1 Roman villa at Roidi, Patras
1954.2 Roman kilns at Korydaleos, Patras
1955 Rhion, Rhium, Achean Rhium Rio at the toe of the Rion-Antirion bridge
1956 Panormus, Panorme Tekes
1956.1 Roman villa at Palaiomonastiro, Kato Arachovitika
1957 Athenaeum Psathopyrgos?
1958 Erimeos, near R Phoenix Lampirion, near R Salmenitikos
1959 Aigion, Aegae, archaic Aegialeia, near R Meiganitas, port of Rhypes Aigio, Vostitza, near R Gaidaropnichtes
1960 Helike, Helice, Dodekapolis, between R Selinous and R Kerynites Risomylos, between R Selinous and R Kerynites
1960.1 Helike, Helice, Dodekapolis, between R Selinous and R Kerynites Nikoleika, between R Selinous and R Kerynites
1960.2 Port of Boura Giannia, near Trapeza
1961 Aigai, near R Crathis Egira, near Akrata, near R Krathis
1962 Aigeira, Homer’s Hyperesia Mavra Litharia
1962.1 Roman villa at Derveni
1962.2 Olouros, Olyros, Olurus, on R Krios? near Kamari? near R Fonissa?
1963 Aristonautai, port of Pellene, on R Sythas Xylokastro, on R Trikalithos
1964 Sicyane, Sicyon, Demetrias, near R Helisson Sikionas, near R Elisson
1965 Lechaion, Lecheum, Lechee, port of Corinth, Ephyra, archaic port and Roman port in marsh area Lechion, inner harbour with from west to east: west basin, central basin, east basin, harbour entrance canal
1965.1 Lechaion, Lecheum, Lechee, port of Corinth, Ephyra, Roman coastal protection structures Lechion, coastline with from west to east: west mole, east mole, pile of stones, west and east entrance jetties, line of caissons
1966 Neolithic settlement at Korakou, Korakas hill
1966.1 Diolkos, Diolcos, Diolcus, ship-transfer trackway Posidonia
1967 Therme Loutraki?
1968 Heraion, Heraea, Hera Limenia, Peiraion, Peraia, near Lake Eschatiotis Perachora, near Limni Vouliagmenis
1969 Oinoe, Oenoe, Geraneia? near Agia Sotira