Spain-Portugal

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
172 Oiasso, Olarso, Oeasoun, Oyarzun Estuary of R Bidasoa, Irun. Export of silver & lead
173 Menosca? Getaria
174 Lekeitio, Lequeitio
175 Vesperies? Portuondo
176 Berreaga, with possible beaching near Gorliz
177 Flaviobriga, Portus Amanum, Port of the Amanes Castro Urdiales
178 Punta Pilota
179 Traiectum Treto
180 Portus Victrix, Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium, Port of Juliobrigiens’ Victory Istmo de la Magdalena, Santander
181 Sauga? Pedrena, on R Miera
182 Portus Blendium Suances
183 Portus Veseiasueca, Vereasuecae San Vicente de la Barquera
184 Castillo de Prellezo, Val de San Vicente
185 Pico Castiello, Moriyón, Villaviciosa
186 Gigia Gijon
187 Noega Campa Torres, Gijon, with lighthouse Torre Augusto
188 Roman villa at Banugues, Gozon
189 El Castillo de San Martín, Soto del Barco
190 Flavionavia Santianes, Pravia
191 Starbanhom Roman villa with a port near Playa de Area, Viveiro
192 Artabron Limen, Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres? Coido de Bares
193 Roman villa at Espasante
194 Maior, Coto da Croa
195 Artabron Limen, Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres? Roman villa at San Xeao de Trebo chapel
196 Roman villa at Carino
196.1 Castro de Lobadiz
197 Magnus Portus Artabrorum, Artabron Limen, Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres El Ferrol
198 Caldoval, East of Mugardos
199 Roman villa at Noville
200 Roman villa at Centrona
201 Brigantum, Brigantia, Ad Columnam La Coruna, Corogna, Corogne, with its famous ancient lighthouse Torre Hercules
202 Castellum Aviliobris Cores, near Ponteceso
203 Camarinas
204 Artabron Limen, Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres? Fisterra
205 Portus Ebora, Noouion Noia in the Ria de Muros y Noya
206 Castro Barona
207 Glandimirum Pontecesures
208 Turris Augusti, Torres del Oeste Catoira, Pontevedra
209 Roman villa at Villagarcia de Arosa
210 Roman villa at Praia do Naso, on Arosa, Arousa island
211 Isla Toxa Grande
212 Roman villa at Adro Vello
213 A Lanzada
214 Ad Duos Pontes Pontevedra
215 Pintens, near La Barra and Hio
216 Igresina, Nerga, Cangas
217 Ensenada de San Simon
218 Roman villa at Vilar, Vigo
219 Vicus Spacorum Alacabre, Vigo
220 Roman villa at Isla de Toralla
221 Roman villa at Panxon
222 Tude, Castellum Tyde Tui
223 R Baenis, Minius, navigable R Mino, Minho, near Caminha
224 R Lethe, R Limeas, R Oblivio Santa Luzia, above Viana do Castelo on R Lima
225 Sao Lourenco, above Esposende on R Cavado
226 Roman villa at Menedi
227 Roman villa, Alto de Martim Vaz
228 Vila do Conde on R Ave
229 Roman villa, Fontão de Antela, near Praia de Angeiras
230 Lordelo do Ouro, near Porto
231 Portus Galum, Portus Cale, estuary of R Douro Roamn villa at Casa do Infante Dom Henrique, Porto
232 R Durius, navigable R Douro
233 Povoado da Torre
234 Talabriga Marnel at Lamas do Vouga, near Aveiro
235 Santa Olaia
236 Nossa Senhora do Desterro
237 Ameal
238 Aeminium on R Mondego Coimbra
239 Conimbriga between Figueira da Foz and Coimbra
240 Parreitas, Lagoa de Pederneira, near Nazare, Alcobaca
241 Alfeizerao, near Sao Martinho do Porto
242 port of Eburobrittium Obidos
243 Roman amphora kiln at Morracal da Ajuda at Peniche which was probably an ancient island strikingly similar to Tyre; its name sounds like Phoenice; its shelter was possibly between island and mainland, now a fort moat.
244 Londobris inulae, Saturno insulae Berlenga island, with possible lighthouse at Moinho Roman site
245 Lourinha
246 Torres Vedras on R Sizandro
247 Roman villa, Santo Andre de Almocageme
248 Roman villa, Villa dos Casais Velhos, near Guincho
249 Casa do Governator da Torre de Belem
250 Olissippo, Olisipo, Oliosipon, Ulyssippo, Felicitas Julia Lisbon, Nucleo Arqueologico, 21 rua dos Correeiros, in the basement of the Millennium Bank where a garum factory was located on the left bank of a local tributary of R  Tage flowing under the present day rua Augusta.
251 Roman villa, Sacavem
252 Roman villa, Povos, at Vila Franca de Xira on R Tage
253 Porto dos Cacos, Alcochete
254 Abona, Aquabona near Coina
255 Quinta do Rouxinol, Seixal, Roman amphora kiln
256 Quinta do Almaraz, Cacilhas, Almada
257 Alfarim
258 Barbarium Prom., Pirgo Barbarion Cape Espichel, with ancient lighthouse
259 Creiro
260 Comenda
261 Caetobriga Setubal
262 Caeciliana Cajados
263 Zambujalinho, Roman amphora kiln
264 Herdade do Pinheiro
265 Abul
266 Xarrouqueira, Vale da Cepa, Roman amphora kiln
267 Salacia Alcacer do Sal, upstream of Setubal on R Sado
268 Troia, large Roman fish processing factory
269 Sinus Sines
270 Poetanion, Paetion, Anion, Patulus portus Pessegueiro island
271 Atlantis, Atlantide Mythical site located by Plato beyond the Pillars of Hercules and by Diodore at several days of navigation near West Afrika, but the location of this island is still much debated (perhaps somewhere between R Guadiana and R Guadalquivir in the Tartessos country, some locate it at Nea Kameni on Santorini island)
272 Sacrum  Prom. Praia de Beliche, Belixe, near Sagres, near Cape Sao Vicente, San Vincente, seems the first landing place in this area, it also features Roman ruins
273 Roman villa at Boca do Rio, Salema, Budens
274 Martinhal and Baleeira islet, with a Roman amphora kiln
275 Roman amphora kiln at Burgau
276 Senhora da Luz
277 port of Lacobriga Lagos, Roman fish processing factory
278 Ipses, Portus Hannibalis? Vila Velha, Alvor
279 Roman villa at Quinta da Abicada, near Mexilhoeira Grande
280 Vau, Alvor
281 Roman villa at Baralha
282 Portus Hannibalis, Port of Annibal, Portus Magnus Portimao
283 Roman villa at Ferragudo
284 Rosario, Roman ruins
285 Cilpes Cerro da Rocha Branca, near Silves
286 Armacao de Pera, Roman fish processing factory
287 Santa Eulalia, Roman ruins
288 Cerro da Vila, Vilamoura
288.1 Monte da Vinha, Vinha do Casao
289 Quarteira Submersa, at 8 to 10 m waterdepth
290 Loule Velho, Roman fish processing factory
291 Trafal, Roman amphora kiln
292 Porto de Farrobilhas
293 Tejo do Praio, Quinta do Lago, Almancil, Roman kiln
294 Salgados, Roman kiln
295 Ossonoba Faro
296 Doca de Olhao
297 Quinta do Marim, Quelfes, near Olhao
298 Alfanxia, near Fuseta
299 Balsa Quinta das Antas, Torre d’Aires, near Luz de Tavira
300 Pedras d’El Rei
301 Tavira
302 Roman villa at Quinta do Muro, Cacela Velha
303 Roman villa at Quinta da Manta Rota, near Cacela Velha
304 Roman villa at Sao Bartolomeu, near Castro Marim
305 Baesuris, Esuris, on R Anae Castro Marim, on R Guadiana, navigable
306 Isla Cristina
307 El Rompido, near Cartaya
308 Onuba, Tartessos? Huelva
309 Ilipula, Ilipla minor Niebla
310 Tartessos? Cerro del Trigo? in Donana park
311 Olontigi Aznalcazar
312 Caura Coria del Rio
313 Palomares del Rio
314 Osset San Juan de Aznalfarache
315 El Carambolo
316 Hispalis, archaic Spal, on R Baetis Sevilla, on R Guadalquivir
317 Italica Santiponce, river port on R Madre Vieja (now silted up) an affluent of R Guadalquivir
318 Ilipa magna, on R Baetis Alcala del Rio, on R Guadalquivir
319 Orippo Torre de los Herberos, at Dos Hermanas
320 Maribanez, near Los Palacios y Villafranca
321 Las Torres de Alocaz, Las Cabezas de San Juan
322 Roman villa at Carrascona
323 Roman villa at Loma de la Vina
324 Nabrissa Veneria Lebrija, on R Guadalquivir
325 Conobaria, Colobana Cerro de las Vacas, near Trebujena
326 Asta Regia, Hasta, on the ancient Via Augusta Cortijo el Rosario, Mesas de Asta, with a causeway and quay at El Muelle
327 Aipora, Ebora, on Lacus Ligustinus, now silted up Cortijo de Ebora, near Las Marismas
328 Luciferi Fanum, Templo del Lucero, Lux Dubiae, Phosphoros El Tesorillo de la Algaida, near Sanlucar de Barrameda
329 Pirgo Caepino Salmedina islet, in front of Chipiona, on the South bank of the outlet of R Guadalquivir,  with possible ancient lighthouse
330 Astaroth, Speculum Rotae Rota
331 Cimbis, Cimbios ? near Gades, perhaps near Rota?
332 Portus Menesthei, Portus Menesteus, Menesteo, port of Menesthee probably Puerto Santa Maria, at the outlet of R Guadalete
333 Ad Portum Castillo de Doña Blanca, near El Portal, on R Guadalete, which moved southwards
334 Portus Gaditanus? El Gallinero, Puerto Real shipyard in the Bay of Cadix
335 Portus Gaditanus? Roman villa at Puente Melchor
335.1 Portus Gaditanus? Roman amphora kilns at Pinar de Villanueva, Jarana
336 Ad Pontem Puente Zuazo, San Fernando
337 Tartessos, Tartessus, Tarsis, insula Antipolis, archaic Tarshish Isle of Leon at San Fernando? The R Guadalquivir is called R Baetis by the Romans and R Tartessos by the Phoenicians before them. Tartessos is also the name of an ancient tribe who lived in this area of Huelva-Sevilla-Cadix. The ancient city of Tartessos is located with some uncertainty on the present Isle of Leon at San Fernando, South of the bay of Cadix (e.g. Yacimiento de Los Cargaderos on the East side). This island was once detached from the coast. However, Avienus indicates in his Ora Maritima That Tartessus is the ancient name of Gaddir. Pliny the Elder locates Tartessos at Carteia the the Bay of algeciras (Nat Hist, 3, 3). Some believe it is Huelva.
338 Roman villa at Cerro de los Martires, south of San Fernando
339 Gadir, Gadira, Gades, Erithya, Erytheia, Eriteia insula Cadiz, Cadix, with ancient lighthouse. Puerto interior on ancient canal of Bahia-Caleta. Initially, Gadir was an island as indicated by Strabo who speaks about « the Isle of the gaditans » (Geogr, 3, 2). Port remains were found at c/ Sagasta 96-98
339.1 Gadir, Gadira, Gades, Erithya, Erytheia, Eriteia insula Cadiz, Cadix, with ancient lighthouse. Puerto exterior at La Caleta. Initially, Gadir was an island as indicated by Strabo who speaks about « the Isle of the gaditans » (Geogr, 3, 2). Port remains were found at c/ Sagasta 96-98
339.2 Gadir, Gadira, Gades, Erithya, Erytheia, Eriteia insula Cadiz, Cadix. Remains of ancient city are visible under the modern theatre “Gadir”
340 Herakleion, Herakles-Melqart temple, Ad Herculem Isle of Sancti-Petri
341 Sancti-Petri
342 Mercablum, Merifabion near Conil de la Frontera
343 Juno, Junonis Prom. Cape Trafalgar, with ancient lighthouse
344 Baesippo, Port Besippon Barbate
345 Baelo Claudia, Belone, Belon, Bello, Belo, Bailon Bolonia, large Roman fish processing factory with slipway now eroded by the sea
346 Valdevaqueros, uncertain location near the estuary of R Valle
347 Mellaria, Menlaria Tarifa
348 Cetaria Getares
349 Portus Albus Torre de San García, Algeciras
350 Iulia Traducta or Transducta, Iulia Ioza, Tingentera Algeciras, on Rio de la Miel
351 Carteia, Calpe, Karpessos Carteya, El Rocadillo San Roque, outlet of R Guadarranque in the bay of Algeciras
352 Cerro del Prado, on R Guadarranque
352.1 Gorham’s cave, Gibraltar
353 Barbesula, Barbariana Casa de Montilla, on the estuary of R Guadiaro
354 Lacipo, Lacippo Alechipe, near Marina de Casares
355 Salduba, Saltum Las Torres, on the estuary of R Guadalmansa
355.1 Salduba, Saltum El Torreon, on R Guadalmansa
356 Cilniana, Silniana Basilica Vega del Mar, at San Pedro de Alcantara
357 Roman villa at Rio Verde
358 Suel Cerro del Castillo, on the estuary of R Fuengirola
359 Finca del Secretario, North side of Fuengirola
360 Torreblanca del Sol
361 Saduce Torremolinos
361.1 Roman villa at La Cizana Baja
362 Mainake, Moenace, Maenace? Cerro del Villar, on estuary of R Guadalorce
362.1 Cortijo de Montanez, on R Guadalorce
363 Malaca, Malaka, Mainake, Moenace, Maenace? Malaga, on estuary of R Guadalmina
364 Roman villa at La Loma de Benagalbon, Rincon de la Victoria
365 Mainake, Moenace, Maenace? Toscanos, at the toe of Cerro del Penon, 1.5 km upstream the R Velez, near Velez-Malaga
366 Maenoba, Mainobora? Cerro del Mar, 1.5 km upstream the R Velez,  near Velez-Malaga
367 Maenoba, Mainobora? Trayamar, at the outlet of R Algarrobo
367.1 Morro de Mezquitilla
367.2 Las Chorreras, at Mezquitilla
367.3 Lagos
368 Caviclum? Faro de Torrox
368.1 Frexiniana? Cortijo de las Sombras, near Frigiliana
369 Ex, Sexi, Saxetanum El Majuelo, Almunecar, large Roman fish processing factory
370 Selambina, Salmbina Salobrena
370.1 Roman kilns at La Canada de Vargas, near El Maraute, at Torrenueva
371 Abdera, Abdara Cerro de Montecristo, Adra
372 Guardias Viejas
372.1 Ciavieja, El Ejido
373  Erroris Isle of Alboran, due South of Adra
374  Tauria ?? at 13 km of Alboran
375 Murgi Roquetas de Mar, Laja de palo
376 Turaniana Playa de Los Bajos, Ribera de la Algaida
377 Portos Magnos, port of Urci Almeria
378 Torre Garcia
379 Baria Villaricos, on the estuary of R Almanzora
379.1 Cabecico de Parra, on R Almanzora
380 Longuntica near Aguilas
381 Ficariensis Locus near Mazarron
382 Museo Arqueologico Factoria Romana de Salazones de Puerto de Mazarron
383 Carthagine Spartaria, Carthago Nova, Carthage la neuve, archaic Mastia, Punic Qart Hadasht Cartagena, Cerro del Molinete, possible canal in Calle Santa Florentina, possible quay at Casa Llagostera in Calle Mayor. Export of iron, silver & lead from the sierra minera de Cartagena-La Union
384 Espalmador Grande, near Cartagena
385 Herakles insula, Scombraria Escombreras, connected to mainland
386 Portus Magnus, Onusa? Roman villa at Paturro, near Portman. Export of iron, silver & lead from the sierra minera de Cartagena-La Union
387 Roman villa at El Castillet
388 Los Nietos, on Mar Menor. Export of iron, silver & lead from the sierra minera de Cartagena-La Union
389 Thiar near Torre de la Horadada
390 Allon? Alonai? Alonae? La Mata, at Torrevieja
391 Roman villa at El Moncayo beach
392 Port of Herna, port of Rojales La Fonteta, near Guardamar del Segura, on the estuary of R Segura (Herna is located inland at Pena Negra, Crevillent)
393 Roman villa at El Oral
394 Portus Illicitanus, port of Illici, Ilice, Elia La Picola, plaza Aljibes, near parque Palmeral, at Santa Pola, near Elche
395 Planesia insula, Nova Tabarca Nueva Tabarca island
396 Ad Leones El Saladar, near Alicante airport
397 Lucentum, Akra Leuke, Castrum Album Roman embarcadero de la Albufereta, near Tossal de Manises and near Tossal de Les Basses, in Alicante
398 Illeta dels Banyets, Banos de la Reina, near El Campello
399 Allon, Alonai, Alonae Villajoyosa, La Vila Joiosa
400 Torre de Sant Josep
401 Allon? Alonai? Alonae? Tossal de la Cala, Benidorm
402 Roman villa at L’Albir
403 La Olla, near Altea
404 Hemeroscopion? Els Banys de la Reina, Penon de Ifach, at Calpe
405 Villa Romana della Punta del Arenal, Javea
406 Dianium Denia
407 Almadrava, near Els Poblets
408 Portus Sucronis Cullera, on the estuary of R Jucar
409 Valentia Valencia
410 Roman villa at El Villar, near Puig
411 Saguntum, Sagonte, Arse Grao Vell at Sagunto
412 Roman villa at Pujol de Benicato, near Nules
413 Port of Sebelaci Burriana, port of Onda
414 Vinarragell, on R Mijares, R Millars
415 Roman villa at Villamargo, near Castellon de la Plana
416 Etobesa, Etouissa? near Oropesa del Mar
416.1 Tyreche, Chersonesos Peniscola, probably an ancient island strikingly similar to Tyre
417 Indibilis near Benicarlo
418 Adeba near Vinaroz
419 Tenebrius portus on R Hiberus unlocated at outlet of R Ebro, perhaps Roman villa at Carrova, near Amposta?
420 Dertosa  on R Hiberus Tortosa, on R Ebro
421 R Ebro navigable over 200 km
422 Tria Capita near l’Ampola?
423 Sub Saltu near Vandellos nuclear power station
424 Oleastrum L’Hospitalet de l’Infant
425 Roman villa at Cambrils
426 Salauris Salou
427 Kissa, Cissis near La Pineda
428 Taracco, Tarracon Tarragona, quay possibly located along Carrer de Smith
429 Roman villa at Els Munts, near Altafulla
430 Palfuriana Sant Vicenc de Calders, Vendrell
431 Calafell
432 Darro
433 Barcino, on R Rubricatum Barcelona, on R Llobregat
434 Baetulo Via Augusta, Badalona
435 Turo de Montgat
436 Ilduro Burriac, Cabrera de Mar, near Mataro
437 Roman villa at Can Llauder, near Mataro
438 Iluro Mataro
439 Torre dels Encantats
440 Blanda Blanes
441 Turissa Tossa de Mar
442 Roman villa at Pla de Palol, near Platja d’Aro
443 Roman villa at Collet, near Palamos
444 Punta del Castell de la Fosca, near Palamos
445 Llafranc, Sant Sebastia de la Guarda, near Palafrugell
446 Lounarion Akron, Celebantic cape? Cap Sa Sal Begur
447 Indike Cala Montgo? Near L’Escala
448 Emporion, Emporium, Emporia, Neapolis, Cypsela? Sant Marti d’Empuries (NB: the structure on the beach is not a breakwater but a part of the ancient city wall)
449 Rhoda, Rhode, Rhodope Roses, and Roman fort at Puig Rom
450 Port of Mount Malodes Port Lligat near Cadaques? Shelters South of Cape Creus are poor, excepting Port Lligat where Salvador Dali was living
451 Pyrenaei, Pyrenes, Pyrenee El Port de la Selva? « Le Pyrenee » generally means the oriental extremity of this chain of mountains that literally falls into the sea between Port Vendres in France and Roses in Spain. Its end is Cape Creus. Shelters are few and of bad quality, as they face the East, and the mountain is hostile. The best shelter is Port de la Selva on the Spanish side
452 Gymnesias insulae Gymnesic (or Balearic) Islands: Mallorca and Minorca
453 Columba, Balearis Maior insula Isle of Mallorca
454 Palmeria Palma de Mallorca
455 Las Illetas
456 Puerto de Santa Ponsa, near Puig de Sa Morisca, Santa Ponsa, Calviá
457 Son Ferrandell-Olesa
458 Cova de Betlem
459 Son Gallard
460 Puerto de Soller, Son Moleta
461 Cova de Tossa Alta
462 Mortitx
463 Buccorum, Bocchori Formentor-Pollensa
464 Pollentia portus minor Es Barcares, North of Alcudia
465 Pollentia portus major Alcudia
466 Can Picafort, with more slipways 300 m SE of the large slipway
467 Son Real, 500 m ESE of megalithic necropolis, and in front of islet with more ruins
468 Es Calo
469 S’Illot, Sant Llorenc des Cardassar
470 Porto Cristo
471 Cova des Moros
472 Porto Colom
473 Puerto de Cala Llonga, Cala d’Or
474 Porto Petro
475 Santanyi
476 Na Guardis, port of Guium? in front of Colonia Sant Jordi
477 Isle of Conejera
478 Isle of Cabrera
479 Puerto de Cabrera
480 Cala Pi
481 Nura, Balearis Minor insula Isle of Minorca
482 Yamma, Iamon, Iamna, Iamnona Ciudadela
483 Cala Morell
484 Sanisera Puerto Nitge, Sanitja
485 Puerto de Fornells
486 Puerto de Cala de Addaya
487 Cala Grao, Colom island
488 Mago, Portus Magonis Mahon
489 Cala Alcaufa
490 Biniai Nou
491 Cala Coves near Cala en Porter
492 Cova Murada, near Cala Galdana, Serpentona
493 Pityusa, Pytyuse, Pitiusas, Pittecusa insulae Pityusic islands: Ibiza and Formentera and Espalmador
494 Ebusus, Ebysos Ibiza, on the Isle of Ibiza, Dalt Vila
495 Cala Llonga, Puig de ses Torretes
496 Sa Caleta, on the SW coast of Ibiza
497 Cala Badella
498 Port del Torrent
499 Es Pouas, near Sant Antony de Portmany
500 Puerto de San Miguel
501 Cala Portinatx
502 Ophioussa, Colubraia insula Puerto del Espalmador, on Formentera island
503 Puerto de Sabina, Estanque Peix, on Formentera island