Spain-Portugal

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
80 Oiasso, Olarso, Oeason, Oyarzun Estuary of R Bidasoa, Irun
80.1 Menosca? Getaria
80.2 Lekeitio, Lequeitio
81  Vesperies? Portuondo
81.1 Berreaga, with possible beaching near Gorliz
82 Flaviobriga, Portus Amanum, Port of the Amanes Castro Urdiales
82.1 Traiectum Treto
83 Portus Victrix, Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium, Port of Juliobrigiens’ Victory Istmo de la Magdalena, Santander
83.1 Sauga? Pedrena, on R Miera
84 Portus Blendium Suances
85 Portus Veseiasueca, Vereasuecae San Vicente de la Barquera
85.1 Castillo de Prellezo, Val de San Vicente
85.2 Pico Castiello, Moriyón, Villaviciosa
86 Gigia Gijon
87 Noega, with lighthouse Torre Augusto Campa Torres, Gijon
87.1 Roman villa at Banugues, Gozon
88 El Castillo de San Martín, Soto del Barco
88.1 Flavionavia Santianes, Pravia
89 Starbanhom Roman villa with a port near Playa de Area, Viveiro
89.1 Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres Coido de Bares
90 Roman villa at Espasante
90.1 Maior, Coto da Croa
90.2 Roman villa at San Xeao de Trebo chapel
90.3 Roman villa at Carino
90.4 El Ferrol
90.5 Caldoval, East of Mugardos
90.6 Roman villa at Noville
90.7 Roman villa at Centrona
91 Brigantum and its famous ancient lighthouse Torre Hercules La Coruna, Corogna, Corogne
92 Castellum Aviliobris near Ponteceso
92.1 Camarinas
93 Artabron Limen, Portus Artaboi, Port of the Artabres Finisterre
94 Portus Ebora, Noouion Noia in the Ria de Muros y Noya
95 Castro Barona
96 Glandimirum Pontecesures
96.1 Turris Augusti, Torres del Oeste Catoira, Pontevedra
96.2 Roman villa at Villagarcia de Arosa
96.3 Roman villa at Praia do Naso, on Arosa, Arousa island
96.4 Isla Toxa Grande
96.5 Roman villa at Adro Vello
97 A Lanzada
97.1 Ad Duos Pontes Pontevedra
97.2 Pintens, near La Barra and Hio
97.3 Ensenada de San Simon
98 Vicus Spacorum Alacabre, Vigo
98.1 Roman villa at Isla de Toralla
98.2 Roman villa at Panxon
99 estuary of R Mino La Guardia, Pontevedra
100 R Baenis, Minius, navigable Mino, Minho
101 R Lethe, R Limeas, R Oblivio Viana do Castelo on the R Lima
102 Esposende on the R Cavado
102.1 Roman villa at Menedi
102.2 Roman villa, Alto de Martim Vaz
103 Vila do Conde on the R Ave
103.1 Roman villa, Fontão de Antela, near Praia de Angeiras
103.2 Lordelo do Ouro, near Porto
104 Portus Galum, Portus Cale, estuary of R Douro Porto
105 R Durius, navigable Douro
105.1 Povoado da Torre
106 Talabriga Marnel at Lamas do Vouga, near Aveiro
106.2 Nossa Senhora do Desterro
106.1 Ameal
107 Aeminium on the R Mondego Coimbra
108 Conimbriga between Figueira da Foz and Coimbra
109 Lagoa de Pederneira, near Nazaré, Alcobaça
110 Alfeizerao, near Sao Martinho do Porto
111 Eburobrittium Obidos
112 Morraçal da Ajuda, Peniche, Roman amphora pottery
112.1 Londobris inulae, Saturno insulae Berlenga island, with possible lighthouse at Moinho Roman site
113 Lourinha
114 Torres Vedras on the R Sizandro
114.1 Roman villa, Santo Andre de Almocageme
114.2 Roman villa, Villa dos Casais Velhos, near Guincho
114.3 Casa do Governator da Torre de Belem
115 Olissippo, Olisipo, Oliosipon, Ulyssippo, Felicitas Julia Lisbon, Nucleo Arqueologico, 21 rua dos Correeiros, in the basement of the Millennium Bank where a garun factory was located on the left bank of a local tributary of R Tage flowing under the present day rua Augusta.
116 Sacavem
117 Povos, at Vila Franca de Xira on the R Tage
117.1 Porto dos Cacos, Alcochete
118 Abona, Aquabona near Coina
118.1 Quinta do Rouxinol, Seixal, Roman amphora pottery
119 Quinta do Almaraz, Cacilhas, Almada
119.1 Alfarim
120 Promontorium Barbarium, Pirgo Barbarion and its ancient lighthouse Cape Espichel
120.1 Creiro
121 Caetobriga Setubal
121.1 Caeciliana Cajados
121.2 Zambujalinho, Roman amphora pottery
121.3 Herdade do Pinheiro
121.4 Abul
121.5 Xarrouqueira, Vale da Cepa, Roman amphora pottery
122 Salacia, Abul Alcacer do Sal, upstream of Setubal on the R Sado
123 Troia
124 Sinus Sines
125 Paetanion, Paetion, Anion, Patulus portus Vila Nova de Milfontes ?
126 Atlantis, Atlantide mythical site located by Plato beyond the Pillars of Hercules and by Diodore at several days of navigation near West Afrika, but the location of this island is still much debated (perhaps somewhere between R Guadiana and R Guadalquivir in the Tartessos country, some locate it at Nea Kameni on Santorini island)
127 Sacrum Promuntarium Martinhal and Baleeira islet, near Sagres, near Cape Sao Vicente, San Vincente, seems the best landing place in this area, it also features an Roman amphora pottery
127.1 Roman villa at Boca do Rio, Salema, Budens
127.2 Roman amphora pottery at Burgau
127.3 Senhora da Luz
128 Lacobriga Lagos
129 Ipses, Portus Hannibalis? Vila Velha, Alvor
129.1 Roman villa at Quinta da Abicada, near Mexilhoeira Grande
130 Portus Hannibalis, Port of Annibal Portimao
130.1 Roman villa at Ferragudo
130.2 Rosario, Roman ruins
130.3 Cilpes Cerro da Rocha Branca, near Silves
130.4 Armacao de Pera
131 Cerro da Vila, Vilamoura
131.1 Quarteira Submersa
131.2 Loule Velho
131.25 Trafal
131.3 Porto de Farrobilhas
131.4 Tejo do Praio, Quinta do Lago, Almancil
132 Ossonoba Faro
132.1 Quinta do Marim, Quelfes, near Olhao
132.2 Alfanxia, near Fuseta
133 Balsa Quinta das Antas, Torre d’Aires, near Luz de Tavira
133.1 Tavira
133.2 Roman villa at Quinta do Muro, Cacela Velha
133.3 Roman villa at Quinta da Manta Rota, near Cacela Velha
133.4 Roman villa at Sao Bartolomeu, near Castro Marim
134 Baesuris, Esuris, on R Anae Castro Marim, on R Guadiana, navigable
134.1 Isla Cristina
134.2 El Rompido, near Cartaya
135 Onuba, Tartessos? Huelva
136 Ilipula, Ilipla minor Niebla
136.1 Tartessos? Cerro del Trigo? in Donana park
137 Olontigi Aznalcazar
138 Caura Coria del Rio
139 Palomares del Rio
140 Osset San Juan de Aznalfarache
141 El Carambolo
142 Hispalis, archaic Spal, on R Baetis Sevilla, on R Guadalquivir
143 Italica Santiponce
144 Ilipa magna, on R Baetis Alcala del Rio, on R Guadalquivir
145 Orippo Torre de los Herberos, at Dos Hermanas
146 Maribanez
146.1 Las Torres de Alocaz, Las Cabezas de San Juan
146.2 Roman villa at Carrascona
146.3 Roman villa at Loma de la Vina
147 Nabrissa Veneria Lebrija, on the R Guadalquivir
148 Conobaria, Colobana Cerro de las Vacas, near Trebujena
149 Asta Regia, Hasta, on the ancient Via Augusta Cortijo el Rosario, Mesas de Asta, with a causeway and quay at El Muelle
150 Aipora, Ebora, on Lacus Ligustinus, now silted up Cortijo de Ebora, near Las Marismas
150.1 Luciferi Fanum, Templo del Lucero, Lux Dubiae, Phosphoros El Tesorillo de la Algaida, near Sanlucar de Barrameda
151 Pirgo Caepino, Tower (ancient lighthouse ?) Salmedina islet, in front of Chipiona, on the South bank of the outlet of R Guadalquivir
151.1 Astaroth, Speculum Rotae Rota
152 Cimbis, Cimbios ? near Gadès, perhaps near Rota?
153 Portus Menesthei, Portus Menesteus, port of Ménésthée probably Puerto Santa Maria, at the outlet of R Guadalete
154 Portus Gaditanus Castillo de Doña Blanca, on the R Guadalete, which moved southwards
155 Portus Gaditanus El Gallinero, Puerto Real shipyard in the Bay of Cadix
155.1 Roman villa at Puente Melchor
155.2 Puente Zuazo, San Fernando
156 Tartessos, Tartessus, Tarsis, insula Antipolis Isle of Leon at San Fernando? The R Guadalquivir is called R Baetis by the Romans and R Tartessos by the Phenicians before them. Tartessos is also the name of an ancient tribe who lived in this area of Huelva-Sevilla-Cadix. The ancient city of Tartessos is located with some uncertainty on the present Isle of Leon at San Fernando, South of the bay of Cadix (e.g. Yacimiento de Los Cargaderos on the East side). This island was once detached from the coast. However, Avienus indicates in his Ora Maritima That Tartessus is the ancient name of Gaddir. Plini the Elder locates Tartessos at Carteia the the Bay of Algeciras (Nat Hist, 3, 3). Some believe it is Huelva.
157 Gadir, Gadira, Gadès, Erytheia, Eriteia and its ancient lighthouse Cadix, ancient canal of Bahia-Caleta. Initially, Gadir was an island as indicated by Strabo who speaks about « the Isle of the gaditans » (Geogr, 3, 2), it is the place of the tenth of Hercules’ works (Geogr, 3, 5), Plini mentions this also (Hist Nat, 4, 36)
157.1 Sancti-Petri
157.2 Ad Herculem Novo Sancti-Petri
158 Mercablum, Merifabion near Conil de la Frontera
159 ancient lighthouse of Promontorium Junonis, Promontory of Juno Cape Trafalgar
160 Baesippo, Port Besippon Barbate
161 Baelo Claudia, Belone Bolonia, with slipway now eroded by the sea
162 Valdevaqueros, uncertain location near the estuary of R Valle
163 Mellaria, Menlaria Tarifa
164 Cetaria Getares
164.1 Portus Albus Torre de San García, Algeciras
165 Iulia Traducta or Transducta, Iulia Ioza, Tingentera Algeciras, on Rio de la Miel
166 Carteia, Calpe, Karpessos Carteya, El Rocadillo San Roque, outlet of R Guadarranque in the bay of Algeciras
167 Cerro del Prado, 2 km upstream of the outlet of R Guadarranque in the bay of Algeciras
168 Barbesula, Barbariana Casa de Montilla, on the estuary of R Guadiaro
169 Lacipo Alechipe, near Marina de Casares
170 Salduba, Saltum Las Torres, on the estuary of R Guadalmansa
171 Cilniana, Silniana Basilica Vega del Mar, at San Pedro de Alcantara
172 Suel Cerro del Castillo, on the estuary of R Fuengirola
173 Cerro del Villar estuary of R Guadalorce near the airport of Malaga
174 Malaga estuary of R Guadalmina
174.1 Roman villa at Rincon de la Victoria
175 Mainake, Moenace, Maenacé Toscanos, 1.5 km upstream the R Velez, near Velez-Malaga
176 Mainake, Moenace, Maenacé Cerro del Mar, at the outlet of R Velez,  near Velez-Malaga
177 Maenoba, Mainobora Morro de Mezquitilla and Trayamar, at the outlet of R Algarrobo
178 Caviclum ? Faro de Torrox
179 Ex, Sexi, Saxetanum El Majuelo, Almunecar, large Roman fish processing factory
180 Selambina, Salmbina Salobrena
181 Abdera, Abdara Cerro de Montecristo, Adra
181.1 Guardias Viejas
182 Erroris Isle of Alboran, due South of Adra
183 Tauria ?? at 13 km of Alboran
184 Murgi Roquetas de Mar, Laja de palo
184.1 Turaniana Playa de Los Bajos, Ribera de la Algaida
185 Portos Magnos, port of Urci Almeria
185.1 Torre Garcia
186 Baria Villaricos, on the estuary of R Almanzora
187 Longuntica near Aguilas
188 Ficariensis Locus Bolnuevo, near Mazarron
188.1 Museo Arqueologico Factoria Romana de Salazones de Puerto de Mazarron
189 Carthagine Spartaria, Carthago Nova, Carthage la neuve, archaic Mastia, Punic Qart Hadasht Cartagena, Cerro del Molinete, possible canal in Calle Santa Florentina, possible quay at Casa Llagostera in Calle Mayor
189.1 Espalmador Grande
189.2 Herakles insula, Scombraria Escombreras, connected to mainland
190 Portus Magnus, Onusa? Roman villa at Paturro, near Portman
190.1 Roman villa at El Castillet
190.2 Mar Menor
191 Thiar near Torre de la Horadada
191.1 Allon? Alonai? Alonae? La Mata, at Torrevieja
191.2 Roman villa at El Moncayo beach
192 Port of Herna, port of Rojales La Fonteta, near Guardamar del Segura, on the estuary of R Segura (Herna is located inland at Pena Negra, Crevillent)
192.1 Roman villa at El Oral
193 Portus Illicitanus, port of Illici, Ilice, Elia La Picola, plaza Aljibes, near parque Palmeral, at Santa Pola, near Elche
193.1 Planesia, Nova Tabarca Nueva Tabarca island
193.2 Ad Leones El Saladar, near Alicante airport
194 Lucentum, Akra Leuke, Castrum Album Roman embarcadero de la Albufereta, near Tossal de Manises and near Tossal de Les Basses, in Alicante
194.1 Illeta dels Banyets, near El Campello
194.2 Allon, Alonai, Alonae Villajoyosa, La Vila Joiosa
194.3 Torre de Sant Josep
195 Allon? Alonai? Alonae? El Tossal de la Cala, near Benidorm
195.1 Roman villa at L’Albir
195.2 La Olla, near Altea
195.3 Hemeroscopion? Els Banys de la Reina, Penon de Ifach, at Calpe
195.4 Villa Romana della Punta del Arenal, Javea
196 Dianium Denia
196.1 Almadrava, near Els Poblets
197 Portus Sucronis Cullera, on the estuary of R Jucar
198 Valentia Valencia
198.1 Roman villa at El Villar, near Puig
199 Saguntum, Sagonte, Arse Grao Vell at Sagunto
199.1 Roman villa at Pujol de Benicató, near Nules
200 Port of Sebelaci Burriana, port of Onda
200.1 Vinarragell, on R Mijares, R Millars
200.2 Roman villa at Villamargo, near Castellon de la Plana
201 Etobesa, Etouissa? near Oropesa del Mar
202 Indibilis near Benicarlo
203 Adeba near Vinaroz
204 Tenebrius Portus  on R Hiberus unlocated at outlet of R Ebro, perhaps Roman villa at Carrova, near Amposta?
205 Dertosa  on R Hiberus Tortosa, on R Ebro
206 R Ebro navigable over 200 km
207 Tria Capita near l’Ampola?
208 Sub Saltu near Vandellos nuclear power station
209 Oleastrum L’Hospitalet de l’Infant
209.1 Roman villa at Cambrils
209.2 Salauris Salou
210 Kissa, Cissis near La Pineda
211 Taracco, Tarracon Tarragona, quay possibly located along Carrer de Smith
211.1 Roman villa at Els Munts, near Altafulla
211.2 Palfuriana Sant Vicenc de Calders, Vendrell
211.3 Calafell
211.4 Darro
212 Barcino Barcelona
213 Baetulo Badalona
213.1 Turo de Montgat
214 Ilduro Burriac, Cabrera de Mar, near Mataro
214.1 Roman villa at Can Llauder, near Mataro
214.2 Iluro Mataro
214.3 Torre dels Encantats
215 Blanda Blanes
216 Turissa Tossa de Mar
216.1 Roman villa at Pla de Palol, near Platja d’Aro
216.2 Roman villa at Collet, near Palamos
217 Punta del Castell de la Fosca, near Palamos
218 Lounarion, Cypsela Llafranc? Sant Sebastia de la Guarda, near Palafrugell
218.1 Celebantic cape Cap Sa Sal Begur? is not a port
219 Indike L’Escala
220 Emporium, Emporia, Neapolis Sant Marti d’Empuries
221 Rhoda, Rhode, Rhodope Roses, and Roman fort at Puig Rom
222 Port of Mount Malodes Port Lligat near Cadaquès?  Shelters South of Cape Creus are poor, excepting Port Lligat where Salvador Dali was living
222.1 Pyrenaei, Pyrènes, Pyrénée El Port de la Selva? « Le Pyrénée » generally means the oriental extremity of this chain of mountains that literally falls into the sea between Port Vendres in France and Roses in Spain. Its end is Cape Creus. Shelters are few and of bad quality, as they face the East, and the mountain is hostile. The best shelter is Port de la Selva on the Spanish side
223 Gymnesias insulae Gymnesian islands: Mallorca and Minorca
224 Columba, Balearis Maior insula Isle of Mallorca. Antonin also mentions a  Diana and a Lesbos which are not to be found in the Baleares. There is a Diana near Ostie and of course a  Lesbos in the Aegean
225 Palmeria Palma de Mallorca
225.1 La Illetas
225.2 Puerto de Santa Ponsa
225.3 Son Ferrandell-Olesa
225.4 Cova de Betlem
225.5 Son Gallard
225.6 Puerto de Soller, Son Moleta
225.7 Cova de Tossa Alta
225.8 Mortitx
226 Buccorum, Bocchori Formentor-Pollensa
226.1 Pollentia Portus Minor Es Barcares, North of Alcudia
226.2 Pollentia Portus Major Alcudia
227 Can Picafort, with more slipways 300 m SE of the large slipway
227.1 Son Real, 500 m ESE of megalithic necropolis
227.2 Es Calo
227.3 S’Illot, Sant Llorenc des Cardassar
227.4 Porto Cristo
227.5 Cova des Moros
227.6 Porto Colom
227.7 Puerto de Cala Llonga
227.8 Porto Petro
227.9 Santanyi
228 Na Guardis, port of Guium? in front of Colonia Sant Jordi
228.1 Isle of Conejera
228.2 Isle of Cabrera
228.3 Puerto de Cabrera
228.4 Cala Pi
229 Nura, Balearis Minor insula Isle of Minorca
230 Yamma, Iamon, Iamna, Iamnona Ciudadela
230.1 Cala Morell
231 Sanisera Puerto Nitge, Sanitja
231.1 Puerto de Fornells
231.2 Puerto de Cala de Addaya
231.3 Cala Grao, Colom island
232 Mago, Portus Magonis Mahon
232.1 Cala Alcaufa
232.2 Biniai Nou
233 Cala Coves near Cala en Porter
233.1 Cova Murada
234 Pityusa, Pytyuse, Pitiusas, Pittecusa insulae Pityusic islands: Ibiza and Formentera and Espalmador
235 Ebusus, Ebysos Ibiza, on the Isle of Ibiza, Dalt Vila
235.1 Cala Llonga, Puig de ses Torretes
236 Sa Caleta, on the SW coast of Ibiza
236.1 Cala Badela
236.2 Port del Torrent
236.3 Es Pouas
236.4 Puerto de San Miguel
236.5 Cala Portinatx
236.6 Ophioussa, Colubraia insula Puerto del Espalmador, on Formentera island
236.7 Puerto de Sabina, Estanque Peix, on Formentera island