North Africa

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
2659 Taricheiai, Zouchis El-Mdeina, near Allouet el-Gounna
2660 Zeuchari, Praesidium Sidi Mohammed Chaouch
2661 Villa Magna Roman villa near Ras Zarba, North of Bin Gardane
2662 Putea Pallene Naoura, on the South bank of R Bahar Alaoune
2663 Gergis, Gergin Zarzis
2664 Ad Pontem Bridge of Djerba
2665 Meninx, Meninge, Girba El Kantara, on the isle of Djerba
2665.1 Roman villa, near Souk el Gibli
2665.2 Roman villa, near Vincci Alkantara resort
2666 Roman villa at Aghir, on the isle of Djerba
2667 Girba? Rhizene, near Houmt Souk, on the isle of Djerba
2668 Tipasa near Ajim, on the isle of Djerba
2668.1 Roman villa NW of Guellala
2669 Haribus Guellala, on the isle of Djerba
2670 Zitha Gidaphta? at Ras Segala, North jetty in the gulf of Bou Ghrara
2671 Zitha Gidaphta? at Ras Segala, South jetty in the gulf of Bou Ghrara
2672 Gigthis, Gichthi, Giti of Tripoli Bou Ghrara
2673 Templum Veneris Jorf
2673.1 Gidaphta? Laflala
2673.2 Gourine East
2674 Bou Amia, on lagoon NE of Arram
2675 Agma near Al Zarat
2675.1 Roman villa near Zerkine
2675.2 Roman villa south of Wadi el Ferd
2676 Tacapae, Tacapès Gabès
2677 Lacene? Tarf el Ma, at the outlet of R Wadi Rekhama near Akarit
2678 Cellae Picentinae, Cellae Vicus? ex “Ferme Roderie” 300 m South of La Tour du Nadour
2679 Benfas, Bennafa, Lariscus? Bir Flaguess 2.5 km SW of the TRAPSA oil terminal
2680 Ad Oleastrum? near Al Hushayshinah
2681 Neapoli near Graïba??
2682 Macomades Minores, Iunca, Portus Lariscus Borj Younga 10 km South of Mahrès
2683 Thaenae Thyna
2684 Taphrura, Taparura Sfax
2685 Cercenna, Cercina & Cercinitis insulae Borj el-Hassar, on the isles of Kerkennah
2686 Usulla, Usula near Al Amra
2687 Ruspe South of La Louaza
2688 Acholla, Achulla Ras Boutria, jetty perpandicular to the coast
2689 Caput Vada, Iustinianopolis? Ras Kaboudia, port of La Chebba
2690 Syllectum, Sullecthum Salakta, Ras el-Bled
2691 Gummi, Salipota? Alipota? Zella? Mahdia
2692 Thapsus Ras Dimass, near Bekalta South of Monastir, large breakwater of the South port
2693 Thapsus, Portus Pristinus Ras Dimass, near Bekalta South of Monastir, access channel to the North port
2694 Leptis Minor, Leptiminus Lamta, jetty perpandicular to the coast
2695 Taricheiai Nesoi Dmagh el-Kaouaf, Grande Kuriate
2696 Thermis Monastir South
2697 Ruspina Monastir, islet La Tonnara (el-Ghedamsi islet) is probably just a quarry
2698 Hadrumète, Adrymetum, Adrymès, Honoriopolis, Hunericopolis, Justinianopolis Sousse, initial port near the North wall of the city
2698.1 Hadrumète, Adrymetum, Adrymès, Honoriopolis, Hunericopolis, Justinianopolis Sousse, large submerged breakwater North of modern port
2699 Themetra? Several Roman villas near Chott Meriam
2700 Horrea Caelia Hergla
2701 Orbita? near Enfidha
2701.1 Bou Kesra
2702 Lamniana near Selloum
2703 Pupput Hammamet Sud
2704 Neapolis Nabeul
2705 Ras Maamoura, Mamurah
2706 Curubis Korba, Curba, on R Bou il Idine
2707 Roman road of Ksir el Rhalem
2707.1 Roman road of Htouba
2708 Clipea, Clupea, Clypea, Aspis, Aspidem Kelibia
2709 Demma (horrea)
2710 Kerkouane
2711 Anquillaria, Aquilaria Ras ed Drek, El-Hawaria East
2712 Hermaia? Les Latomies, Carthago’s quarry El-Haouaria
2713 Egimure, Corsura Aegimurus port of the isle of Zembra
2714 Misua Portu Sidi Daoud, Djila islet
2715 Degla, Dagha about 10 km SW of Sidi Daoud
2716 Siminina, Thermis Mraissa, Marisa
2717 Port Prince Marsa Bin Ramdan
2717.1 Aquae Carpitianae Korbous
2718 Carpo, Carpis, Carpe Sidi Raïs
2719 Galabrante, Gumis? near Soliman
2720 Ad Aquas near Hammam Lif
2720.1 Naro, Aquae Persianae near Hammam Lif
2721 Maxyla, Maxula Rates Radès
2722 Tunes, Lake of Tunis Tunis, Sebkha el-Bahira
2723 Carthago, Carthagine, Punic Qart Hadasht, port of Salammbo Carthago, commercial port,  see also so-called “Neptune block” on the coast North of the ports
2724 Mandrace, Mandracium Côthon of Carthage: circular military port
2724.1 Saint Cyprian memorial, from where St Augustin left in 383 AD Dar Saniat bay at modern Hotel Amilcar, South of Sidi Bou Said
2724.2 Gammarth
2725 Castra Cornelia Kalat el Andalous
2726 Utica, Utique, Ityque Utique
2727 Membrone? near Zouaouine
2728 Castra Delia, Rusucmon, Ruscinona? Ghar el Melh, on the lagoon of Porto Farina
2729 Pulchri Prom., Apollinis Prom. Quarry at Ras et Tarf, Cape Farina
2730 Phalans insula Ile Plane, East of Raf Raf? These two islands are mentioned by Antonin between La Galite and Egimure (Zembra). These two small islands, located offshore Raf Raf, are the only one to be seen during the trip from La Galite to Zembra
2731 Vulturia insula Ile Cani, Dziret el-Ikleb, North of Raf Raf? These two islands are mentioned by Antonin between La Galite and Egimure (Zembra). These two small islands, located offshore Raf Raf, are the only one to be seen during the trip from La Galite to Zembra
2732 Thinisa, Tunisa, Tuna Safi
2733 Ras ez Zebib
2734 Quarry at R’mel
2735 Hippo Diarrhytos, Hippo Dirutus, Hippone Zarito, Benzarte Bizerte
2736 Henchir Chaara, on Lake of Bizerte
2737 Pointe el Ouali, on the SE bank of the Lake of Bizerte
2738 Horrea at Ras Bin Sekka, Ras Ghirane, and several Roman villas between Ras Angela and Cap Blanc
2739 Khechad
2739.1 Ras el Koran
2740 Quarry near Marsa Nouira, Marsa Douiba
2741 Sidi Mechrig
2742 Galata, L’écueil de Pasque La Galite
2743 Palmaria Galiton, islet near La Galite
2744 Argoub el Bania
2745 Thabraca, Tabraca Tabarka
2746 Tuniza? near El Kala, El Kolea, La Calle
2747 Hippone, Hippo Regius Annaba, on the left bank of R Wadi Seybouse, nearly 1 km from the outlet, according to Elie de la Primaudaie, 1861
2748 Siur Portus perhaps the Anse du Fort Génois in the baie des Corailleurs, North of Annaba, according to Elie de la Primaudaie, 1861
2748.1 el Forkan?
2749 Collops Parvus, Sulluco, Sublucu, Sulluctu? Aïn Babar
2750 Tacatua, Holochites Portus, Holochites Sinus bay of Takouch NW of Annaba: Chetaibi
2751 Zacca Cape de Fer, Ras el Haddid
2752 Culucitanis? El Mersa
2753 Paratianis near Guerbes beach
2754 Rusicade, Rusciadae, Thapsa, Numidicus Portus, Numidicus Sinus Skikda, SW of the railway station
2755 Bay of Stora, Astora? near Skikda
2756 Naxic insula, Ile Naxique peninsula of Collo, now connected to the continent
2757 Chullu, Collops Magna Collo
2758 Port of Olives, ancient Paccianis Matidae ? Mers El Zitoun, at the outlet of R Wadi Zhour
2759 Tucca, on the R Ampsaga on the left bank of the first bend, 4 km from the outlet of R Wadi el Kebir
2760 Igilgili Jijel, Djidjelli
2761 Iarsath, Uzicath El Aouana and island Cavallo ?
2762 Choba, Chobae, Coba Municipum Azirou, 3 km west of Ziama Mansouriah
2763 Musluvium, Muslubio near Aokas
2764 Saldas, Saldae Béjaïa
2765 Rusazus Azeffoun, Port Gueydon
2766 Rusippisir, Rusibirsir Sidi Khaled, near Taksebt
2767 Iomnium Tigzirt, with a road to the islet of Tigzirt
2768 Rusucurru, Ascurum Dellys
2769 Cissi Cape Djinet
2770 Dar Mendil
2771 Rusubbicari Matidiae, Port des Poules, Port of chicken Mers el-Hadjedje, Zemmouri
2772 Djezair el Kodra, near Reghaia
2773 Rusguniae Cape Matifou, Tametfoust near Bordj El Bahri, La Pérouse
2774 Icosium, Akion Alger, Algiers, and its îlot de l’Amirauté
2775 Cape Caxine
2776 Obori? Sidi Ferruch
2777 Fouka
2778 Casae Calventi? Bou Ismaïl
2779 Tagourait
2780 Thapsa, Tipasa Tipaza, sheltered by two islets
2781 Thapsa, Tipasa Tipaza, port inside the lagoon?
2781.1 Quarry near Caroubier beach, Chenoua
2781.2 Roman villa at Thalefsa
2782 Trois Îlots
2783 Caesarea Mauretaniae, Césarée de Maurétanie, Iol Cherchel, eastern basin
2784 Caesarea Mauretaniae Cherchel, western basin
2785 Psamathos and its ancient lighthouse isle of Joinville in front of Cherchel
2786 Sidi Ghilès
2787 Gouraya
2788 Gunugu, Gunucus Sidi Brahim, near Gouraya
2789 Cartili? port of Castellum Germanorum outlet of R Damous
2790 Lar, Iar Castellum ? Beni Haoua
2791 Cartenna Tenès
2792 Arsennaria near Le Guelta
2792.1 Kherbet Ramoul
2793 Cape Kramis, near Ouled Boughalem
2793.1 Outlet of oued Roumane, oued Titinguel
2794 Cape Ivi
2795 port of Quiza Cenitana Outlet of oued Chelif
2796 Murustaga, Deorum Portus Mostaganem
2797 Portus Magnus, Fretum Magnum Port aux Poules at Béthioua, near Arzew
2798 Portus Magnus, Fretum Magnum Old Arzew
2799 Portus Divinus, Theûlimên Oran
2800 Acium insula Ile aux oiseaux, Jazirah Tatouyour in front of Cape Falcon
2801 Castra Puerum, « Mes » of Scylax’ Periplus Les Andalouses
2801.1 Error? Insula Ile Plane, Ile Paloma
2802 Mersa Madakh
2803 Bartas, Tauria insula Isles of Habibas North of Bouzedjar
2804 Gilva Mersa Bouzedjar?
2804.1 Crispas submerged in front of Sbiaat, Gerardi Beach?
2805 Camarata Sidi Djeloul at the outlet of R Wadi Ghazer
2806 Portus Sigensis, port of Siga Takembrit, maritime port
2807 Siga, Sigon, Syke Takembrit, river port
2808 Akra, Acra insula excavated basin on the isle of Rachgoun in front of Takembrit
2808.1 Portu Caecili Wardania beach?
2809 Gypsaria, Artisiga, port of the Ifrénids Honaine
2810 Ad Fratres, port of Nedroma Ghazaouet-Nemours
2811 Lemnis? near Bider
2812 Calama de Mauretania on R Wadi Mulucha, Moulouya, Malua, Malvana
2812.1 Tres insulas Chafarinas islands, from E to W : île du Roi, île d’Isabelle, île du Congrès
2812.2 Atalayoun, Marchica near Nador
2813 Rusaddir Melilla
2813.1 Sex insulae, Drinaupa? Al Hoceima
2813.2 Parietina Torres de Alcala
2813.3 Cobucla el Jebha
2814 R Laud navigable, Taenia Longa? R Wadi Laou
2815 Emsa, Amsa
2816 Sidi Abdeslam del Behar on Wadi Martil near Tetouan
2816.1 Tamuda fort and river port on R Wadi Martil
2817 Aquila maior Cabo Negro
2817.1 Quarry at Sania y Torres
2818 Sidi Bou Hayel near Restinga
2818.1 Aquila minor Cabo Castillejos, Ras Fnideq
2819 Playa de la Ribera, in the South bay of Ceuta
2820 Santa Catalina, at northern tip of Monte Hacho at Ceuta
2821 Ad Septem Fratres, Herculesum Fretum modern port of Ceuta, at the toe of Monte Hacho which is sometimes assimilated with one of the Pillars of Hercules
2822 Playa Benitez, near Ceuta
2823 Mt Abyla, Abila Belyounech, in the bay of Benzu, at the toe of Jebel Mousa, Djebel Moussa, near Ceuta, which is generally assimilated with one of the Pillars of Hercules
2824 Ogygia, Calypso’s residence where Odysseus made a long stop Isle of Perejil, Al Yazira Layla Tawra
2825 El Marsa, Ouadmarsa, Marsa Musa
2826 Er Rmel near the modern port of Tanger Med
2827 Lissa Ksar Seghir? Qsar Sghir? between Ceuta and Tangier
2827.1 Sahara, Ezzahara, west of modern Tanger Med port
2828 Roman fort at Malabata, Gandori
2829 Tingi Mauretaniam, Thigge, Tingis, Thymiateria, Thymaterion Tanger
2830 Cape Soloeis, Ampelusia Ashaqqar, Achakar beach, south of Hercules caves, near Cape Spartel
2830.1 Cottae, Cotes Large Roman fish processing factory
2830.2 Roman villa at Sidi Kacem
2830.3 Quarry near outlet of oued Tahadart
2830.4 Quarry near outlet of oued
2831 Ermaia Akra Kouass, salting factory, 5 km North of Asilah
2832 Asilah
2832.1 Roman villa near Souk Khemis
2833 Djouima
2834 Sidi Abderahim
2834.1 Roman villa at Rekada
2835 Lixus, Lynx, Trinx 5 km East of Larache
2835.1 Mehdia
2836 Thamusida on R Sububus, Subur Roman fort on R Wadi Sebou, 12 km NE of Kenitra
2837 Sala Colonia Chellah, Salé, on R Wadi Bouregreg, near Rabat
2838 R Asana, Asama, navigable R Wadi Cherrat, near Bouznika
2838.1 Fedala Mohammedia
2838.2 Anfa Casablanca
2839 Azemnour
2840 Rutubis, Rusibis Mazagan, El Jadida
2841 Tit Sidi Bouzid
2842 Mysocaras, Musokaras Safi
2843 Mogador Essaouira, outlet of R Wadi Ksob
2844 Isle of Mogador, iles Purpuraires in front of Essaouira
2845 Cape Rhysaddir, Risadir Cape Ghir, 50 km North of Agadir
2846 Isle of Cerné Isle of Herné in the gulf of Dakhla? Hanno indicates he navigated 2 days to the South from Larache, the 1 day to the East, and that the island has a perimeter of ½ nautical mile, and that it is inside a gulf, about 850 nautical miles from Ceuta. The isle of Herné is inside of the gulf of Dakhla (also called Rio de Oro) which is more than 20 nautical miles long and is located about 1000 nautical miles from Ceuta. The isle of Herné has a perimeter in the order of 1 nautical mile. Despite the approximations, there does not seem to be any other site in this part of the world that corresponds better to Hanon’s description. His journey went on to an unlocated bay called Hesperou Keras (possibly Cape Three Points in Ghana) and to a mountain called Theon Ochema (possibly Mount Cameroon) and to a bay called Notou Keras where he finally turned around back home.
2847 Notou Keras This bay is where Hanno decided to go back home. This bay was located at 3 sailing days South of a high mountain with fire called Theon Ochema which might be Mount Cameroon. An island with gorillas was located on a lake which was located on an island in this bay: the isle of Mbanié is now a tiny island which might once have been part of Corisco island and its surrounding lagoon, itself located in Corisco bay (Gabon) around 200 nautical miles South of Mount Cameroon. This similarity is obviously hypothetical, but it is plausible …
Note that in this area trade winds and currents are North oriented, and therefore  quite adverse for navigating further South.
Note also that Ptol, Geogr, 4 places Notuceras, Notou-Keras on the African East coast, and Hesperou Keras on the African West coast: this confirms his vision of an African continent roughly limited to the area North of the Equator.