West Italy

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
811 Vintimilio plagia, Album Intermilium, Albintimilium Vintimiglia
812 Roman villa at Foce, near San Remo
813 La Costa, San Remo
814 Roman villa di Bussana, near San Remo
815 Costa Balenae, at the outlet of R Tavia Riva Ligure, on R Taggia
816 Portus Mauritii, Portu Maurici Porto Maurizio, near Imperia
817 Lucus Bormani Diano Marina
818 Albingauno, Albenganum Albenga
819 Pullopice Finale Ligure
820 Varicottis Varigotti
821 Vada Sabatia, Vadis Savadis Vado Ligure
822 Insula Liguriae Isola di Bergeggi with ancient lighthouse, near Vado Ligure
823 Savo, Vicus Virginis? Savona
824 Alba Docilia Albissola
825 San Donato, near Varazze
826 Ad Navalia Cogoleto
827 Hasta Voltri
828 Sestri Ponente Sestri Ponente
829 Genua Portofranco, Roman port of Genoa
830 archaic landing place of Genua, Etruscan Cainua? Piazza Brignole
831 Ricina Recco
832 Delphinis Camogli
833 Portu Delphini, Port du Dauphin Portofino
834 Ad Solaria Chiavari
835 Tegulata Lavagna
836 Segesta, Tigulliorum Sestri Levante
837 Ad Monilia Moneglia
838 Antion Framura
839 Portus Veneris Portovenere, the Genoese rampart is built on top of the Roman quay, the lighthouse is on isola del Tino
840 Villa Romana del Varignano Vecchio, near Le Gracie, La Spezia
841 San Vito di Marola (ancient site destroyed by Italian Navy in 19th c.)
842 Erix, Portus Ericis, Erycis, Portus Illycis, Pullion Lerici, Pugliola
843 Villa Romana di Bocca di Magra, Ameglia
844 Lune, Selene, Etruscan Luna, on R Macra  (export of white marble) Luni Antica, on former outlet of R Magra, near Carrara (Etruscan Carhara, Carhaira)
845 Taberna Frigida Massa
846 San Rocchino, near Massarosa
847 Fossae Papirianae Massarosa
848 Massaciuccoli
849 Isola del Migliarino
850 Ponte alle Conche
851 port of Pise, Pisa, Etruscan Pisna, Peithusa, Pithsa Stazione Ferroviaria Pisa-San Rossore, near Pisa
852 Triturrita? Turrita? San Piero a Grado, near Pisa
853 Portus Pisanus, Liburnus Portus, Portus Herculis Liburni, Labron, Etruscan Liburna Santo Stefano ai Lupi, Livorno. This port was connected to the city of Pisa by a series of marshes. A lighthouse was on the Secche della Meloria
854 Castiglioncello
855 San Gaetano di Vada
856 Vadis, Vada Volaterrana Vada
857 Caecina, Etruscan Ceicna, Caicni Villa Romana di San Vincenzino, at Cecina
858 Caprasia insula Isle of Capraia
859 Populonio, Poplonium, Etruscan Fufluna, Pupluna Populonia
860 Falesia, Porto Falese Piombino
861 Vignale
862 Etruscan Fullona Follonica
863 Roman villa at Puntone Vecchio di Scarlino
864 Portus Scabris Portiglione
865 R Alma Pian d’Alma
866 Ilva, Aithalia, Ethalie Isle of Elba
867 Argous portus, Argoos, Portoferraio, on the isle of Elba
868 Edilnautica marina, on the isle of Elba
869 Roman villa at Le Grotte, on the isle of Elba
870 Roman villa at Capo Castello, on the isle of Elba
871 Portus Longus Porto Longone, Porto Azzurro, on the isle of Elba
872  Planasia insula Isle of Pianosa, near the isle of Elba
873 Bagni di Agrippa, villa with fish pond on the isle of Pianosa
874 Stronzolo di Orlando, near Cala del Bruciato, on the isle of Pianosa
875 Traianos Limen, Cape Troia Cala del Barbiere, near Punta Ala, in front of the isle of Elba
876 Lacus Prilius, Lacu Aprile, Salebro? Port of Vetulonium, Etruscan Vatluna? Roman villa at Paduline, Castiglione della Pescaia
877 R Umbronis, outlet of R Ombro Roman temple at Scoglietto, on R Ombrone at around 15 km North of Talamone
878 Santa Francesca di Talamone
879 Portus Telamonis, Telamon Talamone, on R Osa
880 R Alminia Roman villa at Albinia, on R Albegna
881 Domitiana positio, Portus Domitianus Roman villa at Santa Liberata, on the peninsula of Argentario
882 Incitaria? Porto San Stefano, on the peninsula of Argentario
883 Aegilium, Igilium insula Campese, on the isle of Giglio
884 Iglium Bagno del Saraceno, villa with fish pond on the isle of Giglio
885 Oglasa insula Isle of Montecristo
886 Portu Herculis, Port of Hercules Porto Ercole, on the peninsula of Argentario
887 Ortobello, on the peninsula of Argentario
888 Artemisia, Dianium insula Cala Spalmatoio, on the isle of Giannutri
889 Villa Domitia, on Artemisia, Dianium insula Roman villa at Cala Maestra, on the isle of Giannutri
890 Cosa, Cossae, Portus Herculis Cosanus, Etruscan Cusi, Cuthi Ansedonia
891 Loretum ? near Cosa
892 R Arnine, Armenta, port of Vulci, Etruscan Velch? Montalto Marina on R Fiora
893 Regis, Regae Le Murelle, near Montalto
894 Quintiano Pian di Spille, 5.5 km North of Tarquinia
895 Martanum, Maltano R Marta near Voltone
896 Graviscae, port of Tarquinia, Etruscan Tarchuna, Tarchna Porto Clementino
897 Rapinio near Torre San Agostino
898 Algae Torre Valdaliga, fish pond
899 La Mattonara, fish pond
900 Centumcellae, Palace of the Hundred Chambres. It is the translator of Pliny the Younger who calls it like this, but the « hundred chambres » could also mean the numerous caves in this area, rather than a palace Darsena Romana in the port of Civitavecchia, and its Torre del Lazzaretto and its Torre del Bicchiere
901 Punta della Vipera, fish pond
902 Castro Novo (port of Caere, Coere, Agylla) Santa Marinella West
903 Fosso Guardiole, fish pond at Santa Marinella
904 Panapione, Punicum Santa Marinella
905 Villa Romana delle Grottacce, Santa Marinella East
906 Pyrgoi, Pyrgi (also called The Towers), port of Agylle, Caere, Etruscan Chaire, Caisra Santa Severa
907 Campo di Mare, fish pond NW of Torre Flavia, near Cervetri
908 Roman villa at Ladispoli, near Cervetri
909 Alsium, port of Agylla, Caere, Coere, Etruscan Chaire, Caisra Palo, large fish pond, near Cervetri
910 Roman villa at Marina di San Nicola
911 Roman villa at Torre di Palidoro
912 Fregenae, Etruscan Ficrine Fregene
913 Portus Augusti Ostiensis, Portus Claudius, Port Claude “The Emperor’s port at Ostia”, near the airport of Fiumicino
914 Portus Trajanus near the airport of Fiumicino. The harbour basin is on the Sforza property and its water level was raised 3 m in the early 20th century, this hides and protects all ancient structures, except warehouses
915 Tyrrhene ancient lighthouse of Portus Claudius supposed location of the ancient lighthouse of Portus Claudius
916 Ostia, port of Rome Ostia, with possible lighthouse at Tor Boacciana. It may be noted that Denys is more positive on the use of this port than Strabo, although they both lived in the same period
917 Ostia Ostia river port in ancient Tiber meander “Fiume Morto”
918 Ostia Ostia, molo repubblicano
919 Stella-Buoi, Stalla Buoi, at the outlet of the Canale Romano on R Tiber, immediately East of Portus Trajanus
920 Quartaccio, at Ponte Galeria
921 Ficana Monti di San Paolo, near Acilia
922 Portus Vicus Alexandri Santa Passera, on left bank of R Tiber, South of Rome
923 Santa Passera, on right bank of R Tiber
924 on left bank of R Tiber, at Marconi bridge
925 Pietra Papa, on right bank of R Tiber
926 Ponte Testaccio, archaïc Mattatoio, on right bank of R Tiber
927 Emporium, Porticus Aemilia Porticus Aemilia, emporium on left bank of R Tiber South of Ponte Sublico. Tucci claims it could be shipsheds
928 Transtiberim, Trastevere Porto di Ripa Grande, on right bank of R Tiber between Ponte Sublico and Porta Portese
929 Salinae at toe of Aventino hill
930 Portus Tiberinus, near Pons Aemilius, oldest archaic port of Rome Foro Boario, on left bank of R Tiber near Ponte Rotto and isle of Tiberina
931 Ad Ciconias nixas, near Campus Martius, with cranes looking like storks Tor di Nora and Ripetta, on left bank of R Tiber
932 Roman villa di Plinio
933 Grotte di Piastra
934 Vicus Augustanus Laurentium? near Infernetto, inside Riserva statale Tenuta di Castelporziano
935 Troia? Tor Vaianica, near Pomezia
936 Roman villa at Toraianica
937 Roman villa at Centro Regina
938 Castrum Inui Tor San Lorenzo, near Ardea
939 Lacus Nemorensis (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago di Nemi, SE of Rome
940 Lacus Albanus (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago Albano, SE of Rome
941 Lacus Fucinus (Claudius’ Naumachies) Lake Fucin, now dried out in the valley of Avezzano
942 Roman villa at Tor Caldara
943 Antium, Nero’s port, Etruscan Anth Anzio
944 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
945 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
946 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
947 Astura La Saracca, Roman villa with fish pond
948 Astura La Banca, Roman villa with fish pond
949 Astura, Storas Torre Astura
950 Clostra Romana Lago di Fogliano, near Latina
951 Ad Turres Albas near Lago dei Monaci
952 Roman villa at Palazzo di Domiziano, near Sabaudia
953 Port of Circei, Circe and stopover for Odysseus inside Lago di Paola, with access via canal and breakwaters
954 Circei, Cape Circaeum, Kirkaion, Aia Cape Circeo
955 Terracina, Tarracina, Anxur, Etruscan Tarchna, Tarkina Terracina
956 Fundi Fondi
957 Pontia insula Porto di Ponza, on the isle of Ponza
958 Pandataria insula Porto Vecchio, Roman villa Giulia at Punta Eolo, on the isle of Ventotene
959 Aegina, on Pandataria insula San Stefano, islet near the isle of Ventotene
960 Speluncae Sperlonga
961 Villa Tiberii Roman villa di Tiberio
962 Caiete, Caieta, Caeatas, Etruscan Caithi Spiaggia di Fontania, at Gaeta
963 Porto di Caposele
964 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia
965 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia, fish pond
966 Roman villa at Gianola
967 Roman villa at Scauri
968 Minturnae on R Liris Minturno on R Garigliano
969 Villa Romana San Limato
970 Sinuessa, Sinuesa, Sinope Baia Azzurra Levagnole, near Mondragone
971 Roman villa at Treppete, near Mondragone
972 Aquae Sinuessanae & Pagus Sarclanus? Mondragone
973 Volturnum Castel Volturno
974 Liternum Lago di Patria
975 Cumae, Cumes, Kyme Cuma, with uncertain location of ancient port NE and/or SW of the acropolis, and uncertain Fossa Neronis
976  Aenaria Porto d’Ischia, on the island d’Ischia
977 Pithekoussai, Pithecusae, Etruscan Inarime Monte Vico, at San Montano, on the isle of Ischia
978 Punta Chiarito, on the isle of Ischia
979  Procita, Prochyta insula Isles of Procida and Vivara
980 Misenos, Misenum, Misene, home port of Classis Misenensis fleet Capo Miseno, West of Naples
981 Misenos, Misenum, Misene Punta Terrone, pilae of the southern breakwater
982 Misenos, Misenum, Misene Punta di Pennata, pilae of the northern breakwater
983 Misenos, Misenum, Misene Punta Sarparella, concrete jetty within the harbour
984 Misenos, Misenum, Misene Punta di Pennata, pilae within the harbour
985 Bauli Bacoli
986 Baiae, Baïes, Portus Baianus, with connection to Lacus Baianus Baia, two concrete moles over 200 m long
987 Portus Iulius, Julius, port of Julien, with connection to Lacus Lucrinus Lucrino, two concrete moles over 200 m long
988 Lacus Avernus Lake Averno
989 Vicus Annianus, Invinias Pozzuoli West
990 Vicus Lartidianus Pozzuoli West
991 Puteoli, Dikaiarcheia, Dicearque, in the Campi Phlegraei volcano district Pozzuoli, Pouzzoles, Puteoles, in the Campi Flegrei volcano district, pilae of arched mole are under modern breakwater
992 Nesis, Odysseus’ port of the Cyclopes ? Porto Paone, on the isle of Nisida, which is now connected to the continent by a breakwater, at Naples (Cuisenier mentions this site with two other possible sites: Marettimo and Faraglioni, Nisida clearly providing the best shelter as described by Homer)
993 Nesis Nisida, very large pila of over 1000 m3
994 Imperial Villa of Pausilypon Posillipo, protected by row of pilae
995 Imperial Villa of Pausilypon Porto Marechiano, near Posillipo
996 Naples, Neapolis, Parthenope, on the isle of Megaris Castell del’Ovo, at Santa Lucia in Naples
997 Neapolis Naples, Piazza Municipio, offshore Roman quay made with wooden caissons
998 Neapolis Naples, Piazza Municipio, onshore Roman quay
999 Herculaneum, Etruscan Herclena Ercolano
1000 Roman villa at Contrada Sora, near Torre del Greco
1001 Oplontis Villa di Poppea, near Torre Annunziata
1002 Pompeia, Porta Marina, Etruscan Pumpai Pompei, uncertain location of ancient port
1003 Stabiae Castellammare di Stabia
1004 Aequana Vico Equense
1005 Piano di Sorrento
1006 Surrentum, Etruscan Irnthi Sorrento
1007 Villa Romana di Pollio, near Sorrento
1008 Roman villa at Villazzano, near Massa Lubrense
1009 Capraria, Capreae insula Bagni di Tiberio, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri, with lighthouse at Villa Jovis
1010 Capraria, Capreae insula Palazzo a Mare, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri
1011 Capraria, Capreae insula Scoglio del Monacone, near the isle of Capri
1012 Capraria, Capreae insula Marina Piccola, on the isle of Capri
1013 Seirenoussai nesoi, Anthemoessa insulae, Anthemuse, Siren islands, no stopover for Odysseus isola di Gallo Lungo
1014 Roman villa at Positano
1015 Amalfi Civitas Amalfi
1016 Roman villa at Minori
1017 Vietri Punta Fuenti, near Vietri sul Mare
1018 Salernum, Etruscan Irna Salerno
1019 Arensola, near Eboli
1020 Portus Alburnus at the outlet of R Silarus, now called Sele, near Capaccio-Paestum
1021 Poseïdonia, Posidonia, Paestum, on R Silarus Capaccio-Paestum, possibly near Torre di Paestum
1022 Agropoli
1023 San Marco di Castellabate
1024 Velia, Elea, Portus Velinus, Hyele Velia
1025 Palinurus Palinuro, near Centola
1026 Oenotrides insulae, Molpa Scoglio del Coniglio? With good anchorage on the coast
1027 Pyxus, near Buxentum Prom. Policastro Bussentino, near Capo degli Ingreschi, near Camerota
1028 Scidrus Roman villa at Cammerelle, near Sapri
1029 Cesernia Maratea
1030 Isle of Santo Janni, Santoianni
1031 Blanda Tortora Marina
1032 Petrosa
1033 Laos, Laus, Lavinium outlet of R Lao?
1034 Cerillea, Cerilli Cirella
1035 Belvedere Marittimo
1036 Acquappesa
1037 San Lucido
1038 Clampetia Amantea
1039 Temesa, Tamese, Tempsa, on R Sabutum outlet of R Savuto 10 km South of Amantea
1040 Roman villa at Piano delle Vigne, near Falerna
1041 Terina Sant’Eufemia Vetere, near Lamezia Terme
1042 Ad Turres between R Angitola and R Savuto
1043 Port Parthenius of the phoceans, on R Tanno? unlocalized, in the gulf of Eufemia near the airport of Lamezia Terme
1044 Acconia Acconia
1045 Ad Fluvium Angitulam Ponte Angitola, near Francavilla Angitola
1046 Annicia Pizzo
1047 Leucosia, Ithacesiae insula, port of Hipponium, Hipponion Vibo Marina, near Vibo Valentia
1048 Trapeia, Port of Hercules Tropea
1049 Nicotera Marina
1050 San Teodoro
1051 Emporion
1052 Medma, Mesma Pian delle Vigne, near Rosarno
1053 Port at the outlet of R Metaurus, Metaure R Petrace, near Gioia Tauro
1054 Taurianum Taureana, near Lido di Palmi
1055 Portus Orestis Marina di Palmi, Porto Ravaglioso
1056 Ad Mallias between Nicotera and Reggio di Calabria
1057 Arciade Arciade
1058 Scyllaeum, Scylla, in front of Charybdis in Sicily, both Planktes insulae Scilla
1059 Kainys Punta Pezzo, near Villa San Giovanni
1060 Ad Columnam Villa San Giovanni
1061 Rhegium Rhege, Reggio di Calabria
1062 Leucopetra, Bruttium Prom. Punta di Pellaro
1063 Decastadium? Melito di Porto Salvo
1064 Scyle Bova Marina
1065 Hipporum near Galati
1066 Zephyrion Acra, Zephyrium, Zeffiro Capo Bruzzano near Africo
1067 Villa Romana di Casignana
1068 Altanum? Bovalino Marina
1069 Lokroi Epizephyrioi, Locri Epizefiri, Locres Locri
1070 Subsicivo? near Marina di Gioiosa Ionica
1071 Santo Onofrio near Roccella Ionica
1072 Stilida, Kaulonia, Caulonia, Aulonia Punta Stilo, at Monasterace Marina
1073 Cocinto? on R Assi, near Monasterace
1074 Vivarium Copanello, near Stalettì
1075 Scylletium, Scolacium Roccelletta, near Borgia
1076 Castra Hannibalis, Camp of Annibal Torre di Catanzaro
1077 Tacina at crossing of R Tacina, near Cutro
1078 Le Castella
1079 Port of Aphrodite, Dioskourias, Cape Iapygie, Iapygium Prom., Sallentin Cape Rizzuto
1080 Cape Cimiti
1081 Naus  Prom., Lacinium  Prom., Hera temple Cape Colonna
1082 Kroton, Crotone Crotone
1083 Meto outlet of R Neto
1084 Krimisa? Ciro Marina
1085 Temple of Apollo Alaeus, port of Aesarus Punta Alice, near Ciro Marina
1086 Paternum at crossing of R Patia, Crucoli
1087 Cariati
1088 Sybaris ad Traeis, on R Traeis near Mirto and Crosia, on R Trionto
1089 Portus Roscia, Rouskiane Mirto
1090 archaic Sybaris, on R Sybaris and R Crathis, Thourioi, Thurii, Copia Laghi di Sibari, Francavilla Marittima, on R Crati
1091 Trebisacce
1092 Ad Vicesimum near Amendolara
1093 Roman villa at Menzinara, near Montegiordano
1094 Cugno dei Vagni near Rocca Imperiale
1095 Piano San Pietro
1096 Ad Simnum, Semnum on right bank of R Sinni
1097 Siris, on R Siris on left bank of R Sinni
1098 Heraclea, Heraclee Policoro
1098.1 Termitito, Bosco di Andriace, near Montalbano Jonico
1099 Metapontum, Metaponte Metaponto
1100 Tarentum, Taras, Neptuna Tarento, Scoglio del Tonno
1101 Roman villa at Masseria Caronella, near Taranto
1102 Port Scein, Scean port ? near Tarento
1103 Satyrion, Saturnum Saturo e Porto Perone
1104 Torre Ovo
1105 Port Sasina Porto Cesareo
1106 Santa Caterina
1107 Kallipolis, Anxa Gallipoli
1108 Torre San Giovanni
1109 Torre San Gregorio
1110 Leuca, Portus Sallentinus South Cape of Calabria