West Italy

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
424 Vintimilio plagia, Album Intermilium, Albintimilium Vintimiglia
424.1 Roman villa at Foce, near San Remo
424.2 La Costa, San Remo
424.3 Roman villa di Bussana, near San Remo
425 Costa Balenae, at the outlet of R Tavia Riva Ligure, on the R Taggia
426 Portus Mauritii, Portu Maurici Porto Maurizio, near Imperia
427 Lucus Bormani Diano Marina
428 Albingauno, Albenganum Albenga
428.1 Pullopice Finale Ligure
428.2 Varicottis Varigotti
429 Vada Sabatia, Vadis Savadis Vado Ligure
429.1 Insula Liguriae Isola di Bergeggi with ancient lighthouse, near Vado Ligure
430 Savo, Vicus Virginis? Savona
431 Alba Docilia Albissola
431.1 San Donato, near Varazze
432 Ad Navalia near Cogoleto
433 Hasta Voltri
434 Sestri Ponente Sestri Ponente
435 Genua Portofranco, Roman port of Genoa
435.1 Genua Piazza Brignole, archaic landing place of Genoa
436 Ricina near Recco
437 Delphinis near Camogli
438 Portu Delphini, Port du Dauphin Portofino
439 Ad Solaria Chiavari
440 Tegulata Lavagna
441 Segesta, Tigulliorum Sestri Levante
442 Ad Monilia Moneglia
443 Antion Framura
444 Portus Veneris Portovenere, the Genoese rampart is built on top of the Roman quay
444.1 Villa Romana del Varignano Vecchio, near Le Gracie, La Spezia
444.2 San Vito di Marola (ancient site destroyed by Italian Navy in 19th c.)
445 Erix, Portus Ericis, Erycis, Portus Illycis, Pullion Lerici, Pugliola
446 Villa Romana di Bocca di Magra, Ameglia
447 Lune, Luna, Séléné, on R Macra Luni Antica, on former outlet of R Magra
448 Taberna Frigida Massa
448.1 San Rocchino, near Massarosa
448.2 Fossae Papirianae Massarosa
448.3 Massaciuccoli
448.4 Isola del Migliarino
448.5 Ponte alle Conche
449 port of Pise, Pisa San Rossore, near Pisa
449.1 Triturrita? Turrita? San Piero a Grado, near Pisa
450 Triturrita, Portus Pisanus, Liburnus Portus, Portus Herculis Liburni Santo Stefano ai Lupi, Livorno. This port was connected to the city of Pisa by a series of marshes.
451 Castiglioncello
451.1 San Gaetano di Vada
452 Vadis, Vada Volaterrana Vada
452.1 Caecina Villa Romana di San Vincenzino, at Cecina
452.2 Isle of Capraia
453 Fufluna, Populonio, Poplonium, Populonia
454 Falesia, Porto Falese Piombino
454.1 Vignale
455 R Alma Roman villa at Puntone Vecchio di Scarlino
456 Portus Scabris Portiglione
456.1 R Alma Pian d’Alma
457 Ilva, Aithalia, Ethalie Isle of Elba
458 Argôus Portus, Argoos Portoferraio, on the isle of Elba
458.1 Edilnautica, on the isle of Elba
458.2 Roman villa at Le Grotte, on the isle of Elba
458.3 Roman villa at Capo Castello, on the isle of Elba
459 Portus Longus Porto Longone, Porto Azzurro, on the isle of Elba
460 Planasia insula Isle of Pianosa, near the isle of Elba
460.1 Bagni di Agrippa, villa with fish pond on the isle of Pianosa
460.2 Stronzolo di Orlando, near Cala del Bruciato, on the isle of Pianosa
461 Traianos Limen, Cape Troia Cala del Barbiere, near Punta Ala, in front of the isle of Elba
462 Lacus Prilius, Lacu Aprile, Salebro? Roman villa at Paduline, Castiglione della Pescaia
463 R Umbronis, outlet of R Ombro Roman temple at Scoglietto, on R Ombrone at around 15 km North of Talamone
463.1 Santa Francesca di Talamone
464 Portus Telamonis, Telamon Talamone, on R Osa
465 R Alminia Roman villa at Albinia, on R Albegna
466  Domitiana positio, Portus Domitianus Roman villa at Santa Liberata, on the peninsula of Argentario
467 Incitaria? Porto San Stefano, on the peninsula of Argentario
468 Aegilium, Igilium insula Isle of Giglio
468.1 Iglium Bagno del Saraceno, villa with fish pond on the isle of Giglio
468.2 Oglasa insula Isle of Montecristo
469 Portu Herculis, Port of Hercules Porto Ercole, on the peninsula of Argentario
469.1 Ortobello, on the peninsula of Argentario
470 Artemisia, Dianium insula Cala Spalmatoio, on the isle of Giannutri
470.1 Villa Domitia, on Artemisia, Dianium insula Roman villa at Cala Maestra, on the isle of Giannutri
471 Cosa, Cossae, Portus Herculis Cosanus Ansedonia
472 Loretum ? near Cosa
473 R Arnine, Armenta Montalto Marina on R Fiora
474 Regis, Regae Le Murelle, near Montalto
475 Quintiano Pian di Spille, 5.5 km North of Tarquinia
476 Martanum, Maltano R Marta near Voltone
477 Graviscae, Porto Clementino port of Tarquinia
478 Rapinio near Torre San Agostino
479 Algae Torre Valdaliga, fish pond
479.1 La Mattonara, fish pond
480 Centumcellae, Palace of the Hundred Chambres. It is the translator of Plini the Younger who calls it like this, but the « hundred chambres » could also mean the numerous caves in this area, rather than a palace Darsena Romana in the port of Civitavecchia, and its Torre del Lazzaretto and its Torre del Bicchiere
480.1 Punta della Vipera, fish pond
481 Castro Novo (port of Caere, Coeré, Agylla) Santa Marinella West
482 Fosso Guardiole, fish pond at Santa Marinella
483 Panapione, Punicum Santa Marinella
483.1 Villa Romana delle Grottacce, Santa Marinella East
484 Pyrgoi, Pyrgi (port of Agylle, Caere, also called The Towers) Santa Severa
484.1 Campo di Mare, fish pond NW of Torre Flavia
485 Roman villa at Ladispoli
486 Alsium (port of Agylla, Caere, Coeré, Cerveteri) Palo, large fish pond
487 Marina di San Nicola
488 Torre di Palidoro
489 Fregenae Fregene
490 Portus Augusti Ostiensis, Portus Claudius, Port Claude and its ancient lighthouse of Tyrrhène “The Emperor’s port at Ostia”, near the airport of Fiumicino
491 Portus Trajanus near the airport of Fiumicino. The harbour basin is on the Sforza property and its water level was raised 3 m in the early 20th century, this hides and protects all ancient structures, except warehouses
492 ancient lighthouse of Tyrrhène of Portus Claudius supposed location of the ancient lighthouse of Portus Claudius
493 Ostia, with possible lighthouse at Tor Boacciana Ostia. It may be noted that Denys is more positive on the use of this port than Strabo, although they both lived in the same period
493.1 Ostia Ostia river port in ancient Tiber meander “Fiume Morto”
493.2 Ostia Ostia, molo repubblicano
494 Stella-Buoi, Stalla Buoi, on the R Tiber, at the outlet of the Canale Romano on R Tiber, immediately East of Portus Trajanus
494.1 Quartaccio, at Ponte Galeria
494.2 Ficana Monti di San Paolo, near Acilia
495 Portus Vicus Alexandri Santa Passera, on left bank of R Tiber, South of Rome
495.1 Santa Passera, on right bank of R Tiber
495.2 on left bank of R Tiber, at Marconi bridge
495.3 Pietra Papa, on right bank of R Tiber
495.4 Ponte Testaccio, ex Mattatoio, on right bank of R Tiber
496 Emporium, Porticus Aemilia Porticus Aemilia, emporium on left bank of R Tiber South of Ponte Sublico
496.1 Transtiberim, Trastevere Porto di Ripa Grande, on right bank of R Tiber between Ponte Sublico and Porta Portese
497 Salinae at toe of Aventino hill
498 Portus Tiberinus, near Pons Aemilius, oldest archaic port of Rome Foro Boario, on left bank of R Tiber near Ponte Rotto and isle of Tiberina
499 ad Ciconias nixas, near Campus MartiusMartius, with cranes looking like storks Tor di Nora and Ripetta, on left bank of R Tiber
499.1 Roman villa di Plinio
499.2 Grotte di Piastra
500 Vicus Augustanus Laurentium? near Infernetto, inside Riserva statale Tenuta di Castelporziano
500.1  Troia? Tor Vaianica, near Pomezia
500.2 Roman villa at Toraianica
500.3 Roman villa at Centro Regina
500.4  Castrum Inui Tor San Lorenzo, near Ardea
501 Lacus Nemorensis (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago di Nemi, SE of Rome
502 Lacus Albanus (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago Albano, SE of Rome
503 Lacus Fucinus (Claudius’ Naumachies) Lake Fucin, now dried out in the valley of Avezzano
504 Roman villa at Tor Caldara
505 Antium, Nero’s port Anzio
506 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.1 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.2 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.3 Astura La Saracca, Roman villa with fish pond
506.4 Astura La Banca, Roman villa with fish pond
507 Astura, Storas Torre Astura
508 Clostra Romana near Lido di Capo Portiere
509 Ad Turres Albas near Lago dei Monaci
509.1 Roman villa at Palazzo di Domiziano, near Sabaudia
510 Port of Circei, Circé and stopover for Odysseus inside Lago di Paola, with access via canal and breakwaters
511 Circei, Cape Circaeum, Aia Cape Circeo
512 Terracina, Tarracina, Anxur Terracina
512.1 Fundi Fondi
513 Pontia insula Porto di Ponza, on the isle of Ponza
514 Roman villa Giulia at Punta Eolo, on Pandataria insula Porto Vecchio, on the isle of Ventotene
515 Aegina, on Pandataria insula San Stefano, islet near the isle of Ventotene
516 Speluncae Sperlonga
517 Villa Tiberii Villa di Tiberio
518 Caiète, Caieta, Caeatas Spiaggia di Fontania, at Gaeta
518.1 Porto di Caposele
519 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia
519.1 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia, fish pond
520 Roman villa at Gianola
521 Roman villa at Scauri
522 Minturnae on R Liris Minturno on R Garigliano
523 Villa Romana San Limato
524 Sinuessa, Sinuesa, Sinope Baia Azzurra Levagnole, near Mondragone
525 Roman villa at Treppete, near Mondragone
525.1 Pagus Sarclanus Mondragone?
525.2 Volturnum Castel Volturno
526 Liternum Lago di Patria
527 Cumae, Cumes, Kyme Cuma, with uncertain location of ancient port NE and/or SW of the acropolis, and uncertain Fossa Neronis
528 Aenaria Porto d’Ischia, on the island d’Ischia
529 Pithekoussai, Pithecusae Monte Vico, at San Montano, on the isle of Ischia
530 Punta Chiarito, on the isle of Ischia
531 Procita, Prochyta insula Isles of Procida and Vivara
532 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Capo Miseno, West of Naples
532.1 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta Terrone, pilae of the southern breakwater
532.2 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta di Pennata, pilae of the northern breakwater
532.3 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta Sarparella, concrete jetty within the harbour
532.4 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta di Pennata, pilae within the harbour
532.5 Bauli Bacoli
533 Baiae, Baïes, Portus Baianus, with connection to Lacus Baianus Baia, two concrete moles over 200 m long
534 Portus Iulius, Julius, port of Julien, with connection to Lacus Lucrinus Lucrino, two concrete moles over 200 m long
535 Lacus Avernus Lake Averno
535.1 Invinias Pozzuoli West
536 Puteoli, Dikaiarcheia, Dicearque, in the Campi Phlegraei volcano district Pozzuoli, Pouzzoles, Putéoles, in the Campi Flegrei volcano district, pilae of arched mole are under modern breakwater
537 Nesis, Odysseus’ port of the Cyclopes ? Porto Paone, on the isle of Nisida, which is now connected to the continent by a breakwater, at Naples (Cuisenier mentions this site with two other possible sites: Marettimo and Faraglioni, Nisida clearly providing the best shelter as described by Homer)
537.1 Nesis Nisida, very large pila of over 1100 m3
538 Imperial Villa of Pausilypon Posillipo, protected by row of pilae
538.1 Parthenope, on the isle of Megaris Castell del’Ovo, at Santa Lucia in Naples
539 Neapolis Naples, Piazza Municipio
540 Herculaneum Ercolano
540.1 Roman villa at Contrada Sora, near Torre del Greco
541 Oplontis Villa di Poppea, near Torre Annunziata
542 Pompeia Pompei
543 Stabiae Castellammare di Stabia
544 Aequana Vico Equense
545 Piano di Sorrento
545.1 Surrentum Sorrento
546 Villa Romana di Pollio, near Sorrento
546.1 Roman villa at Villazzano, near Massa Lubrense
547 Capraria, Capreae insula Bagni di Tiberio, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri
547.1 Capraria, Capreae insula Palazzo a Mare, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri
547.2  Capraria, Capreae insula Scoglio del Monacone, near the isle of Capri
547.3  Capraria, Capreae insula Marina Piccola, on the isle of Capri
548 Siren islands, Seirenoussai, Anthemoessa, Anthémuse, no stopover for Odysseus isola di Gallo Lungo
549 Roman villa at Positano
550 Amalfi Civitas Amalfi
551 Minori
552 Vietri Punta Fuenti, near Vietri sul Mare
553 Salernum Salerno
553.1 Arensola, near Eboli
554 Portus Alburnus at the outlet of R Silarus, now called Sele, near Capaccio-Paestum
555 Poseïdonia, Posidonia, Paestum, on R Silarus Capaccio-Paestum, on a former outlet of R Sele? The port of Paestum and Alburnus portus are clearly close to each other, but seem to be different places. Perhaps  divagations of the outlet of R Sele (ex-Silarus) have induced a moving of the port.
556 Agropoli
557 San Marco di Castellabate
558 Velia, Elea, Portus Velinus, Hyele Velia
559 Palinurus Palinuro, near Centola
560 Oenotrides insulae, Molpa Scoglio del Coniglio? with good anchorage on the coast
561 Pyxûs, Buxentum Prom. Policastro Bussentino, near Capo degli Ingreschi, near Camerota
562 Scidrus Roman villa at Cammerelle, near Sapri
563 Cesernia Maratea
564 Isle of Santo Janni, Santoianni
565 Blanda Tortora Marina
566 Petrosa
567 Laos, Laus, Lavinium outlet of R Lao?
568 Cerillea, Cerilli Cirella
569 Belvedere Marittimo
570 Acquappesa
571 San Lucido
572 Clampetia near Amantea
573 Temesa, Tamèse, Tempsa, on R Sabutum outlet of R Savuto 10 km South of Amantea
574 Roman villa at Piano delle Vigne, near Falerna
575 Terina Lamezia Terme
576 Ad Turres between R Angitola and R Savuto
577 Port Parthenius of the phoceans, on R Tanno? unlocalized, in the gulf of Eufemia near the airport of Lamezia Terme
578 Acconia Acconia
579 Ad Fluvium Angitulam Ponte Angitola, near Francavilla Angitola
580 Leucosia, Ithacesiae insula, port of Hipponium, Hipponion Vibo Marina, near Vibo Valentia
581 Trapeia, Port of Hercules Tropea
582 Nicotera Marina
582.1 San Teodoro
582.2 Emporion
583 Medma, Mesma Pian delle Vigne, near Rosarno
584 Port at the outlet of R Metaurus,  Métaure R Petrace, near Gioia Tauro
585 Taurianum Taureana, near Lido di Palmi
586 Portus Orestis Marina di Palmi, Porto Ravaglioso
586.1 Ad Mallias between Nicotera and Reggio di Calabria
586.2 Arciade Arciade
587 Scyllaeum, Scylla, in front of Charybdis in Sicily, both Planktes insulae Scilla
588 Kainys Punta Pezzo, near Villa San Giovanni
589 Ad Columnam Villa San Giovanni
590 Rhegium Rhège, Reggio di Calabria
591 Leucopetra, Bruttium Prom. Punta di Pellaro
592 Decastadium? Melito di Porto Salvo
593 Scyle Bova Marina
594 Hipporum near Galati
595 Zephyrion Acra, Zephyrium, Zeffiro Capo Bruzzano near Africo
596 Villa Romana di Casignana
597 Altanum? Bovalino Marina
598 Lokroi Epizephyrioi, Locri Epizefiri, Locres Locri
599 Subsicivo? near Marina di Gioiosa Ionica
600 Santo Onofrio near Roccella Ionica
601 Stilida, Kaulonia, Caulonia Punta Stilo, at Monasterace Marina
601.1 Cocinto? on R Assi, near Monasterace
602 Vivarium Copanello, near Stalettì
603 Scylletium, Scolacium Roccelletta, near Borgia
604 Castra Hannibalis, Camp of Annibal Torre di Catanzaro
605 Tacina at crossing of R Tacina, near Cutro
606 Le Castella
607 Port of Aphrodite, Dioskourias, Cape Iapygie, Iapygium Prom., Sallentin Cape Rizzuto
607.1 Cape Cimiti
608 Naus promontario, Lacinium promontario, Hera temple Cape Colonna
609 Kroton, Crotone and the port of Aesarus Crotone
610 Meto outlet of R Neto
611 Krimisa? Ciro Marina
611.1 Temple of Apollo Alaeus, port of Aesarus Punta Alice, near Ciro Marina
612 Paternum at crossing of R Patia, Crucoli
612.1 Cariati
613 Sybaris, on R Traeis near Mirto and Crosia, on R Trionto
614 Portus Roscia, Rouskiane Mirto
615 archaic Sybaris, on R Sybaris and R Crathis, Thourioi, Thurii, Copia Laghi di Sibari, Francavilla Marittima, on R Crati
616 Trebisacce
617 Ad Vicesimum near Amendolara
618 Roman villa at Menzinara, near Montegiordano
619 Cugno dei Vagni near Rocca Imperiale
620 Piano San Pietro
621 Ad Simnum, Semnum on right bank of R Sinni
622 Siris, on R Siris on left bank of R Sinni
623 Heraclea, Héraclée Policoro
624 Metapontum, Metaponte Metaponto
625 Tarentum, Taras, Neptuna Tarento
625.1 Roman villa at Masseria Caronella, near Taranto
626 Port Scéin, Scean port ? near Tarento
627 Satyrion, Saturnum Saturo
628 Torre Ovo
629 Port Sasina Porto Cesareo
630 Santa Caterina
631 Kallipolis, Anxa Gallipoli
632 Torre San Giovanni
632.1 Torre San Gregorio 633 Leuca, Portus Sallentinus South Cape of Calabria