West Italy

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
424 Vintimilio plagia, Album Intermilium, Albintimilium beach of Vintimiglia
425 Costa Balenae, at the outlet of R Tavia Riva Ligure, on the R Taggia
426 Portus Mauritii, Portu Maurici Imperia
427 Lucus Bormanni Diano Marina
428 Albingauno, Albenganum Albenga
429 Vadis Savadis, Vadum Sabatium, and its ancient lighthouse on Bergeggi island Vado Ligure, isola di Bergeggi
430 Savo, Vicus Virginis ? Savona
431 Alba Docilia Albissola
432 Ad Navalia near Cogoleto
433 Hasta near Crevari
434 Sestri Ponente Sestri Ponente
435 Genua Genoa, near Palazzo San Giorgio
436 Ricina near Recco
437 Delphinis near Camogli
438 Portu Delphini, Port du Dauphin Portofino
439 Ad Solaria Chiavari
440 Tegulata Lavagna
441 Segesta, Tigulliorum Sestri Levante
442 Ad Monilia Moneglia
443 Antion Framura
444 Portus Veneris Portovenere, La Spezia
445 Portus Ericis, Pullion Lerici, Pugliola
446 Ameglia
447 Lune, Luna, Séléné Luni Antica, near Ortonovo on the R Magra
448 Taberna Frigida Massa
449 port of Pise, Pisa difficult access via R Arno and R Auser.
450 Triturrita, Portus Pisanus, Liburnus Portus, Portus Herculis Liburni Santo Stefano ai Lupi, Livorno. This port was connected to the city of Pisa by a series of marshes.
451 Castiglioncello
452 Vadis, Vada Volaterrana Vada
452.1 Isle of Capraia
453 Polulonio, Poplonium, Populonia
454 Falesia, Porto Falese Piombino
455 Scabris near Follonica
456 R Alma Puntone Vecchio
457 Ilva, Aithalia, Ethalie Isle of Elba
458 Argôus Portus, Argoos Portoferraio, on the isle of Elba
458.1 Edilnautica, on the isle of Elba
459 Portus Longus Porto Longone, Porto Azzurro, on the isle of Elba
460 Planasia insula Isle of Pianosa, near the isle of Elba
460.1 Bagni di Agrippa, villa with fish pond on the isle of Pianosa
460.2 Stronzolo di Orlando, near Cala del Bruciato, on the isle of Pianosa
461 Portus Traianus Punta Ala, in front of the isle of Elba
462 Lacus Prilius, Lacu Aprile, Salebro ? Castiglione della Pescaia
463 R Umbronis, outlet of R Ombro R Ombrone at around 15 km North of Talamone
464 Talamonis, Telamon Talamone
465 R Alminia Albinia on R Albegna
466 Domitiana positio, Portus Domitianus Santa Liberata, on the peninsula of Argentario
467 Incitaria Cala del Gesso, on the peninsula of Argentario
468 Aegilium, Igilium insula Isle of Giglio
468.1 Bagno del Saraceno, villa with fish pond on the isle of Giglio
468.2 Isle of Montecristo
469 Portu Herculis, Port of Hercules Porto Ercole, on the peninsula of Argentario
470 Isle of Giannutri
470.1 Dianium Cala Maestra, on the isle of Giannutri
471 Cosa, Cossae, Portus Herculis Cosanus Ansedonia, Ortebello
472 Loretum ? near Cosa
473 R Arnine Montalto Marina on R Fiora
474 Regis, Regae Le Murelle, near Montalto
475 Quintiano Pian di Spille, 5.5 km North of Tarquinia
476 Martanum, Maltano R Marta near Voltone
477 Graviscae, Porto Clementino port of Tarquinia
478 Rapinio near Torre San Agostino
479 Alga Torre Valdaliga, fish pond
479.1 La Mattonara, fish pond
480 Centumcellae, Palace of the Hundred Chambres. It is the translator of Plini the Younger who calls it like this, but the « hundred chambres » could also mean the numerous caves in this area, rather than a palace Civitavecchia, and its Torre del Lazzaretto and its Torre del Bicchiere
480.1 Punta della Vipera, fish pond
481 Castro Novo (port of Caere, Coeré, Agylla) Santa Marinella West
482 Fosso Guardiole, fish pond at Santa Marinella
483  Panapione, Punicum Villa Romana delle Grottacce, Santa Marinella East
484 Pyrgoi, Pyrgi (port of Agylle, Caere, also called The Towers) Santa Severa
484.1 Campo di Mare, fish pond NW of Torre Flavia
485 Ladispoli
486 Alsium (port of Agylle, Caeré, Coeré) Palo, large fish pond
487 Marina di San Nicola
488 Torre di Palidoro
489 Fregenae Fregene
490 Portus Augusti Ostiensis, Portus Claudius, Port Claude and its ancient lighthouse of Tyrrhène “The Emperor’s port at Ostia”, near the airport of Fiumicino
491 Portus Trajanus near the airport of Fiumicino. The harbour basin is on the Sforza property and its water level was raised 3 m in the early 20th century, this hides and protects all ancient structures, except warehouses
492 ancient lighthouse of Tyrrhène of Portus Claudius supposed location of the ancient lighthouse of Portus Claudius
493 Ostia, with possible lighthouse at Tor Boacciana Ostia. It may be noted that Denys is more positive on the use of this port than Strabo, although they both lived in the same period
493.1 Ostia Ostia river port in ancient Tiber meander “Fiume Morto”
493.2 Ostia Ostia, molo repubblicano
494 Stella-Buoi, Stalla Buoi, on the R Tiber, at the outlet of the Canale Romano on R Tiber, immediately East of Portus Trajanus
494.1 Quartaccio, at Ponte Galeria
495 Portus Vicus Alexandri on left bank of R Tiber, South of Rome
495.1 Santa Passera, on right bank of R Tiber
495.2 on left bank of R Tiber, at Marconi bridge
495.3 Pietra Papa, on right bank of R Tiber
495.4 Ponte Testaccio, ex Mattatoio, on right bank of R Tiber
496 Emporium, Porticus Aemilia Porticus Aemilia, emporium on left bank of R Tiber South of Ponte Sublico
496.1 Transtiberim, Trastevere Porto di Ripa Grande, on right bank of R Tiber between Ponte Sublico and Porta Portese
497 Salinae at toe of Aventino hill
498 Portus Tiberinus, near Pons Aemilius Foro Boario, on left bank of R Tiber near Ponte Rotto and isle of Tiberina
499 ad Ciconias nixas, near Campus Martius Tor di Nora and Ripetta, on left bank of R Tiber
500 Vicus Augustanus Laurentium ? near Infernetto, inside Riserva statale Tenuta di Castelporziano
501 Lacus Nemorensis (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago di Nemi, SE of Rome
502 Lacus Albanus (Caligula’s Naumachies) Lago Albano, SE of Rome
503 Lacus Fucinus (Claudius’ Naumachies) Lake Fucin, now dried out in the valley of Avezzano
504 Torre Caldara
505 Antium, Nero’s port Anzio
506 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.1 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.2 Nettuno Nettuno, fish pond
506.4 Astura La Banca, fish pond
507 Astura, Storas Torre Astura
508 Clostra Romana near Lido di Capo Portiere
509 Ad Turres Albas near Lago dei Monaci
510 Port of Circei, Circé and stopover for Odysseus inside Lago di Paola, with access via canal and breakwaters
511 Circei, Cape Circaeum, Aia Cape Circeo
512 Terracina, Tarracina, Anxur Terracina
513 Pontia 3 islands: Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone
514 Pandataria Porto Vecchio, on the isle of Ventotene
515 Aegina San Stefano, islet near the isle of Ventotene
516 Speluncae Sperlonga
517 Villa Tiberii Villa di Tiberio
518 Caiète, Caieta, Caeatas Spiaggia di Fontania, at Gaeta
518.1 Porto di Caposele
519 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia
519.1 Formiae, Formies, Hormies Formia, fish pond
520 Gianola
521 Scauri
522 Minturnae Minturno
523 Torre San Limato
524 Sinuessa Baia Azzurra Levagnole
525 Treppete near Mondragone
526 Liternum Lago di Patria
527 Cumae, Cumes, Kyme Cuma, with uncertain location of ancient port NE and/or SW of the acropolis
528 Aenaria Porto d’Ischia, on the island d’Ischia
529 Pithekoussai, Pithecusae Monte Vico, at San Montano, on the isle of Ischia
530 Punta Chiarito, on the isle of Ischia
531 Procita, Prochyta Isles of Procida and Vivara
532 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Capo Miseno, West of Naples
532.1 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta Terrone, pilae of the southern breakwater
532.2 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta di Pennata, pilae of the northern breakwater
532.3 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta Sarparella, concrete jetty within the harbour
532.4 Misenos, Misenum, Misène Punta di Pennata, pilae within the harbour
533 Baiae, Baïes, Portus Baianus, with connection to Lacus Baianus Baia, two concrete moles over 200 m long
534 Portus Iulius, Julius, port of Julien, with connection to Lacus Lucrinus Lucrino, two concrete moles over 200 m long
535 Lacus Avernus Lake Averno
536 Puteoli, Dikaiarcheia, Dicearque, in the Campi Phlegraei volcano district Pozzuoli, Pouzzoles, Putéoles, in the Campi Flegrei volcano district, pilae of arched mole are under modern breakwater
537 Nesis, Odysseus’ port of the Cyclopes ? Porto Paone, on the isle of Nisida, which is now connected to the continent by a breakwater, at Naples (Cuisenier mentions this site with two other possible sites: Marettimo and Faraglioni, Nisida clearly providing the best shelter as described by Homer)
537.1 Nesis Nisida, very large pila of over 1100 m3
538 Imperial Villa of Pausilypon Posillipo, protected by row of pilae
538.1 Parthenope, on the isle of Megaris Castell del’Ovo, at Santa Lucia in Naples
539 Neapolis Naples, Piazza Municipio
540 Herculaneum Ercolano
541 Oplontis near Boscoreale
542 Pompeia Pompei
543 Stabiae Castellammare di Stabia
544 Aequana Vico Equense
545 Piano di Sorrento
546 Surrentum Villa del Capo di Sorrento
547 Capraria, Capreae Bagni di Tiberio, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri
547.1 Capraria, Capreae Palazzo a Mare, near Marina Grande on the isle of Capri
547.2 Scoglio del Monacone, near the isle of Capri
547.3 Marina Piccola, on the isle of Capri
548 Siren islands, Seirenoussai, Anthemoessa, Anthémuse, no stopover for Odysseus isola di Gallo Lungo
549 Positano
550 Amalfi Civitas Amalfi
551 Minori
552 Vietri Vietri sul Mare
553 Salernum Salerno
554 Portus Alburnus at the outlet of R Silarus, now called Sele, near Capaccio-Paestum
555 Poseïdonia, Posidonia, Paestum Capaccio-Paestum, on a former outlet of R Sele ? The port of Paestum and Alburnus portus are clearly close to each other, but seem to be different places. Perhaps  divagations of the outlet of R Sele (ex-Silarus) have induced a moving of the port.
556 Agropoli
557 San Marco di Castellabate
558 Velia, Elea, Portus Velinus, Hyele Velia
559 Palinurus Capo Palinuro
560 Iles Oenotrides, Molpa Scoglio del Coniglio ? With good anchorage on the coast
561 Pyxûs, Buxentum Policastro Bussentino
562 Scidrus Sapri
563 Cesernia near Maratea
564 Isle of Santo Janni, Santoianni
565 Blanda Tortora Marina
566 Petrosa
567 Laos, Laus, Lavinium outlet of R Lao ?
568 Cerillea, Cerilli Cirella
569 Belvedere Marittimo
570 Acquappesa
571 San Lucido
572 Clampetia near Amantea
573 Aiello near Corica
574 Temesa, Tamèse, Tempsa outlet of R Savuto 10 km South of Amantea
575 Terina Lamezia Terme
576 Port Parthenius of the phoceans unlocalized, in the gulf of Eufemia near the airport of Lamezia Terme, idem Terina ?
577 Bruttium Calabria, near Lamezia Terme or Maida ?
578 Acconia idem Bruttium ?
579 Ad Fluvium Angitulam near Pizzo Calabro
580 Hipponium, Hipponion, Vibo Vibo Valentia
581 Trapeia, Port of Hercules, port of Hipponion and Medma? Tropea
582 Nicotera Marina
583 Medma, Mesma Rosarno
584 Port at the outlet of R Metaurus,  Métaure R Petrace, near Gioia Tauro
585 Taurianum near Lido di Palmi, Taureana
586 Port of Oreste Palmi, Porto Ravaglioso
587 Scyllaeum Scilla
588 Kainys near Villa San Giovanni
589 Ad Columnam near Catona
590 Rhegium Rhège, Reggio di Calabria
591 Leucopetra near Bocale
592 Decastadium ? near Melito di Porto Salvo
593 Scyle near Palizzi Marina
594 Hipporum near Galati
595 Zephyrion Acra,Zephyrium, Zeffiro Capo Bruzzano near Africo
596 Villa Romana di Casignana
597 Altanum ? near Bovalino
598 Lokroi Epizephyrioi, Locri Epizefiri, Locres Locri
599 Subsicivo ? near Marina di Gioiosa Ionica
600 Santo Onofrio near Roccella Ionica
601 Stilida, Kaulonia, Caulonia, Punta Stilo, at Monasterace Marina
602 Vivarium near Catalunga Pietragrande
603 Scylletium, Scolacium near Catanzaro Lido
604 Castra Hannibalis, Camp of Annibal near Sellia Marina
605 Tacina near Steccato
606 Le Castella
607 Port of Aphrodite, Cape Iapygie, Iapygium, Sallentin Cape Rizzuto
608 Naus promontario, Lacinium promontario, Hera temple Capo delle Colonne
609 Kroton, Crotone and the port of Aesarus Crotone
610 Meto outlet of R Neto
611 Krimisa near Ciro Marina
612 Paternum near Torretta
613 Greek Sybaris near Mirto and Crosia
614 Portus Roscia, Rouskiane Rossano
615 archaic Sybaris, Thurium, Thurii, Copia Laghi di Sibari, Francavilla Marittima
616 Trebisacce
617 Ad Vicesimum near Amendolara
618 Montegiordano
619 Cugno dei Vagni near Rocca Imperiale
620 Piano San Pietro
622 Siris, on R Siris, Ad Simnum, Semnum on R Sinni, in Bosco Pantano?
623 Heraclea, Héraclée Policoro
624 Metapontum, Metaponte Metaponto
625 Tarentum, Taras, Neptuna Tarento
626 Port Scéin, Scean port ? near Tarento
627 Satyrion, Saturnum Saturo
628 Torre Ovo
629 Port Sasina Porto Cesareo
630 Santa Caterina
631 Kallipolis, Anxa Gallipoli
632 Torre San Giovanni
633 Leuca, Portus Sallentinus South Cape of Calabria

 

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