Indian Ocean & Gulf

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

 

3710 Quiloa Kilwa Kisiwani island & Songo Mnara island, this area of Swahili culture might be beyond the southern limit of pre-islamic trading ports as archaeology has not (yet?) found any older artefacts.
3711 Rhapta, Rapta, capital city of Azania, Panchea archaeo finds at Kibiti (Chami, 1998), R Rufiji
3712 Mafiaco insula Ukunju cave, on Juani-Mafia island
3713 Menuthias insula, Island of the Sun, Panara Unguja Ukuu, on Zanzibar island
3714 Pemba island
3715 Pyraloi insulae Manda, near Pate & Lamu islands?
3716 Toniki, Tonice, Nicon, Nikon Barawa, Brava?
3717 Essina, Apocopa near Baraawe and Merka?
3718 Sarapion Mogadishu?
3719 Opone: Pwenet, Pwene, Pouen, Opone, Ophir?? Land of Punt? Ras Hafun, Xaafuun, other possible locations for Punt are Mundus, Mosylium and Adulis
3720 Pano Ras Binna
3721 Cape Tabae, Tabai Ras Chenarif
3722 Hajriya Hadiboh on Socotra island
3723 Kosh on Socotra island
3724 Dioscoridis insula, Panchaia, Fortunate islands Isle of Socotra, Suqutra
3725 Akroterion, Aronaton, Tera Aromatica, Aromatifera Regio, Market and Cape of Spices, Cap des Aromates Possibly Daamo, Damo, 5 km west of Cape Guardafui, Ras Asir, Ras Caseyr
3726 Acana, Acannae, Daphnon Magnum, Cinocephali waters Ras Alula, Bandar Ululah, Caluula
3727 Cape Elephas, Elephantas Ras Felug, Filuk, Filuch, el-Fil
3728 Cobe Xabo, Abot fort?
3729 Daphnon Parvum Bandar Muriyeh, Murcaayo
3730 Psygmus, Psyglatus Qandala, Candala
3731 Mosylium, Mosylon Emporion, below the Karkaar frankincense production area Elayo, Elayu? The black volcanic cliffs may have been taken for a promontory. Another possible location is Bosasso, 33 km East of Elayo. Also possible is Ras Hantara, 78 km NE of Elayo, below the Karkaar frankincense production area
3732 Mundus, Mondou Emporion, below the Cal Madow frankincense production area, Land of Punt? Ophir?? Salweyn, near Heis, Xiis. Other possible locations for Punt are Adulis and Opone
3733 Khor Shoreh, Shoora
3734 Malao Berbera, can be seen as the port of Hargeisa (inland) where Neolithic cave paintings have been found
3734.1 Bulhar, on R Issutuggan
3735 Avalitae, Avalites, Abalites, Aualis Zeila, Saylac, in Somalia, 50 km East of Djibouti. Avalites seems to be located with some certainty at Zeila (in Somalia)  on a former island protected by a sand spit
3736 Port of Isis Djibouti? The Port of Isis is at ten days of navigation under oar (500-1000 km) from Adulis according to Pliny, which leads near Djibouti (at 660 km) with its two islands located just in front of the port, as indicated by Pliny
3737 Guinni Koma, ile du Diable, inside Ghoubbet el-Karab, Monfreid’s Gubet Karab
3738 Obock
3739 Khor Omeira, Monfreid’s Kor Omeira
3740 Ras Imran
3741 Eudaimon Arabia, Porto, Adane Aden
3742 Mesala al-‘Asala, am-‘Asala
3743 Abisama, Ambisama, Ebisma Ras Sanbah?
3744 Bal Haf, Balihaf
3745 Qana, Cana, Qani, Kane, port of the Hadramawites Husn al-Ghurab, near Bir Ali
3746 PM: Saba, ancient city PM: Shabwa
3747 Ras Majdahah
3748 Khor al-Mukalla
3749 al-Shirh
3750 Trulla, Tralla portus? Ras Sharma
3751 Thialemath? al-Musayn’a
3752 Tritus, Tretos, Pretos portus? Ras Sharwayn
3753 Khaisat, South of Ras Fartak
3754 Syagrus, Syagros, Suagros Khalfat, on wadi Khalfut, North of Ras Fartak
3755 Ausara, Omana bay Al-Ghayda?
3756 Neogilla, Neogeiala Roman naval base at Damkot, Damqawt?
3757 Bosara, Boseude, Kosara, Koseude al-Maghsil?
3758 Salalah, Raysut
3759 al-Baleed
3760 Moscha, Abyssa, Sumhuram, below the Dhofar frankincense production area Khor Rori, at the outlet of wadi Darbat, near Taqah
3761 Asich, Asichon Ras Hasik
3762 Serapis insula Mazirah island
3763 Ras al-Jinz
3764 Korodamon? Ras al-Hadd
3765 Sour
3766 Qalhat, near wadi Hilm
3767 Bandar Khairan
3768 Cryptus portus, Amithoscuta, export of copper from Magan country (copper mountain)? Muscat, Mascate
3769 Batrasava? Dimma Seeb, Sib
3770 al-Suwadi, Sawadi
3770.1 Sohar
3771 Port Leupas al-Liwa, Lua
3772 Khor Kalba
3773 Port of Mount Orsa Khor Fakkan, Chorfakan
3774 Dibba al-Hisn
3775 port of Goboea Cuscan according to Forster, Haffah Bay??
3776 Asabon, Asaborum, Maketa, Mane, Maka Prom. Jazirat al-Ghanam, Cape Musandam, Mussendom
3777 Port Machorbe al-Rams, Rhums
3778 Rhegma, Regama, Raamah? Kush, near Ras el-Khaïmah
3779 Ommana, Omana, Omanum emporium? belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? al-Dur, ed-Dur, in Umm al-Quwain Emirate
3780 Jumeirah, Dubai
3781 Export of copper from Magan country (copper mountain) Umm al-Nar
3782 Taboca, Cadara, belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? Qatar
3783 al-Uqayr, Uqair fort of uncertain date
3784 Gerrha, belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? Tell al-Zayer at Thaj, is not a port but a major trade city with a port probably located somewhere between Ras Tanura and Jubail
3785 Tylos, Tyrus insula, Arados insula, centre of the archaic Dilmun empire? Saar temple, Bahrain
3785.1 Tylos, Tyrus insula, Arados insula, centre of the archaic Dilmun empire? Bilad al-Qadim, near al-Khamish and al-Hassam mosques, Bahrain
3786 Ain as Sayh, near al-Khobar
3787 Dammam
3788 belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? Darin, on Tarout island
3789 Qatif
3790 Ayn Jawan
3791 Dosariyah
3792 Jabal Berri
3793 Burgan hill
3794 Akarum, Ichara, Ikaros, Icarus insula, belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? Tell Khazne, fort on the isle of Failaka, Koweith
3795 al-Khor, on the isle of Failaka, Koweith
3796 Itamos, Tamus portus, belonging to the archaic Dilmun empire? Koweith
3797 Tell Akkaz, Koweith
3798 Umm an-Namel, Koweith
3799 Subiyah
3800 Teredon, Diritotis, Didotis very uncertain location North of Bubiyan island
3801 Apologos very uncertain location near as-Zubayr
3802 R Euphrates and R Pasitigris, naviguable over a long distance R Euphrates and R Karun
3803 Forat near ad-Dayr, about 10 km downstreams of Charax
3804 Charax Spasinou, Alexandria, Antiochia Jebel Khayabir, about 15 km SE of al-Qurna and about 40 km NW of Basra
3805 Lagash Tell al-Hiba
3806 Ur, Uri Tell el-Muqayyar
3807 Uruk, Orchoe, Erech, Orikut Warka
3808 Borsippa, Burs Birs Nimrud
3809 Babylon, Babel Babylon
3810 Magastana insula, at mouth of lake Kataderbis Dara island?
3811 Mahruban, on R Oroatis, R Arosis, R Shirin submerged city, on R Hendiyan, R Tab
3812 Siniz, on R Brizana? Bandar Siniz, South of Bandar Daylam
3813 Jannaba, on R Rhogonis, Rogonis Bandar Ganaweh
3814 Arakia insula? Kharg island
3815 Taoke, Tawwaj, aka Tuj, on R Granis Zyrah, now far inland on R Shapur, upstream of R Rud-e Hilleh
3815.1 Shif, in front of Shif island
3816 Mesambria Bushir, Bushehr
3817 Antiocheia Persidos? near Bushir
3818 Rivard Ardashir, Ionaka? Rishir, Rishahr, Rayshahr
3819 R Padagrus Bay of Halileh, north of Delvar
3820 Hieratis South of Delvar
3821 R Sitacus R Rodjanh
3822 R Areon near Bandar Dayer
3823 Gogana near Bandar Kangan
3824 Siraf, Tahiri Bandar Siraf
3825 Apostana South of Assalouyeh
3826 Ochus near Bostano?
3827 pearl fishers’ island Lavan island
3828 Eas, behind Kaikandros, Cecandrus insula Hendurabi island
3829 Kataia, Cataea insula Kish, Qeys island
3830 Sisidona, Sidodona Bandar Shenas
3831 unnamed insula Tunb island
3832 Oaracta insula, Oracta, Ogyris Qeshm island
3833 Organa insula, Jarun island Hormuz island
3834 Harmozeia, Harmozan, Armuzia, near R Anamis R Minab, near Kolahi
3835 Neoptana near Bandar e-Kargan
3836 Karpella Ras el-Kuh Mobarak, Bombareek
3837 Badis Cape Jask
3838 Dagaseira, Dagasira Port Lyrdf
3839 Troesi, Troea Khor Galak
3840 Kanate, Samydake, Caumatis, Kanthatis Tang
3841 Kanasida, Tysa, Tyz Tiz, Churbar bay, Chabahar bay
3842 Talmena, Kandriakes, Hydrianeus Beris
3843 Bageia Prom. Pasabandar
3844 Kyiza, Kuitza, Guitza Jiwani? inside Guttar, Gwatar bay
3845 Pishukan
3846 Kophas, Kophanta, Gophanta, Alambatera, Alabagium Prom. Kuh Batil at Gwadar
3847 Deren-Obila, Dendrobosa Daran, Duram
3848 Barna, Barada
3849 Balomus, Zorambos Zahrein, Chur
3850 Mosarna silted-up West of Ras Jaddi, near Pasni
3851 Karbis Pasni
3852 Kabyla, Kalama Kolpos, in front of Karmina insula Khor Kalmat, in front of Astola island
3853 Kolta
3854 Bagasira Ormara
3855 Stobera, on R Tomerus Kund Malir, on R Hingol
3856 Kokala, Horaia? Argenuus? inside Miani Hor
3857 Kabana
3858 Pagala near Gadani
3859 Morontobara, Gynaikon Limen near Gadani
3860 Sakala near Gadani
3861 Saranga near Gadani
3862 Domai, Coralliba insula Kaio islet
3863 Alexandrou Limen, Portus Macedonum, behind Bibakta insula Sunera, in front of Churna island
3864 Krokala insula near Karachi
3865 Patala, Pattala, Potana, on R Sinthos Thatta? on R Indus