UK & North Europe

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
1 Tyle, Thulé Iceland? Plini and Strabo, who cite Pythéas (ca 350 BC?), place Thulé at 6 navigation days from (Great) Britain, which may be 400-600 nautical miles. Iceland is at 450 miles North of Scotland. The mention of six months long days and nights means a position beyond the Arctic Circle, which corresponds better to Iceland than to the Shetland islands.
1.1  Basilia? Baltia? Tanum, bronze age rock carvings showing many ships
1.2 Abalus, Basileia, Basilia, Ile Royale Sambia, Samland? Famous for amber
2 Mararmano, Manarmani Hoge Berg near Den Burg? On the Isle of Texel enThe Netherlands betweena R Vidro (R Oude Rijn?) and R Amisius (R Eems)
3 Uitgeest-Groot Dorregeest
4 Flevum Velsen, West of Amsterdam
4.1 Lugdunum Batavorum, Brittenburg submerged offshore Katwijk, near the outlet of R Oude Rijn (R Old Rhine) which was the northern limit of the Roman empire and was navigable over a long distance, with many river ports
4.2 Praetorium Agrippinae Valkenburg, Marktveld
4.3 Matilo, on Corbulo canal between R Rhine and R Maas Leiden, Roomburg
4.4 Albaniana Alphen a/d Rijn
4.5 Nigrum Pullum Zwammerdam
4.6 Laurium Woerden
4.7 Fletio Utrecht, Hoge Woerd
4.8 Fectio Vechten
5 Levefanum Wijk bij Duurstede
5.1 Mannaricium Maurik
5.2 Carvo, Carvone Kesteren
5.3 Castra Herculis Arnhem, Meinerswijk
5.4 Carvium Bijlandse Waard
5.5 Castra Vetera, Colonia Ulpia Trajana Xanten, Archäologischen Park
5.6 Ceuclum, Roman bridge Cuijk
5.7 Oppidium Batavorum Nijmegen, Hunnerpark
5.8 Noviomagus Nijmegen, Maasplein
5.9 Grinnes, Grinnibus Rossum
6 Forum Hadriani Park Arentsburgh, at Voorburg
6.1 Ockenburgh
6.2  Flenio, Flenium Vlaardingen?
7 Helinio submerged offshore of Oostvoorne?
8 “Oude Wereld” submerged offshore Goeree
9 Ganuentum submerged at 1.5 km NW of Colijnsplaat, votive inscription to Nehalennia goddess
10  Romanorum Portus “De Roompot” submerged offshore Domburg on the Isle of Walcheren
11 Rodanum? Aardenburg
12 Maldegem-Vake
12.1 Wenduine
13 Aldenburgensis Roman castellum on the sea side at Oudenburg
14 Albion, Britannia Great Britain
15 Erin, Ierné, Hibernia, Hivernione, Insula Sacra Ireland
16 Orcades Orcades islands, North Scotland
16.1 Devana, Devoni Aberdeen
16.2 Dun, on Montrose Basin
17 Horrea Classis Carpow
18 Velunia, Veluniate Carriden House, at the eastern end of Antonine’s wall
19 Cramond
20 Inveresk
20.1 Tweedmouth
21 Segedunum Wallsend, on the R Tyne at the eastern end of Hadrien’s wall, near Newcastle
22 Arbeia South Shields
23 possible lighthouse Huntcliff
24 possible lighthouse Goldsborough
24.1 Dictium? Whitby
25 possible lighthouse Ravenscar
26 possible lighthouse Scarborough
27 Portus Felix, with possible lighthouse Filey Brigg
28 Gabrantiucorum portuosus sinus, Praesidium, Praetorium Bridlington ?
29 Petuaria Brough on Humber
29.1 Flaxfleet
29.2 Winteringham
29.3 Gibraltar Point, near Skegness
29.4 Holme next the Sea, with possible lighthouse at Thornham
30 Branodunum Brancaster
31 Caister on Sea, North of Great Yarmouth, might have had a Roman port?
32 Gariannum Burgh Castle, West of Great Yarmouth
33  Sitomagus? Aldeburgh, near Saxmundham, might have had a Roman port?
34 Walton Castle, North of Felixstowe
34.1 Ad Ansam near Higham
35 port of Camulodunum Fingringhoe Wick, near Colchester
36 Heybridge-Maldon, South of Colchester might have had a Roman port ?
37 Othona Portus Bradwell on Sea, South of Colchester
37.1 Hadleigh with possible lighthouse
38 Londinium London river port on the Thames
38.1 Noviomagus Cantiacorum Crayford
38.2 Vagniacis Springhead, near Southfleet
39 Durobrivae Rochester, on the R Medway
39.1 Durolevum Ospringe, South of Faversham
40 Regulbium, with possible lighthouse Reculver, West of Margate
40.1 Tanatus insula, Toliapis? Taniatide? Isle of Thanet, now connected to mainland
41 Rutupiae, Ritupium Richborough, South of Margate
42 Portus Dubris and its famous ancient lighthouse Dover: port at the outlet of R Dour
43 Portus Lemanis Stutfall Castle, Lympne
43.1 Mutuantonis? Hastings
44 Anderidos, Anderitum Pevensey
45 Novus Portus Portslade, near Brighton
46 Villa Regis Cogidubni, port of Noviomagus Regnorum Fishbourne, near Chichester
47 Magnus Portus Bosham Harbour?
47.1 Hayling island
48 Portus Adurni, Ardaoni, Portchester Castle
49 Vectis, Vecta insula Isle of Wight, probably Newport
49.1 Brading, on the isle of Wight
49.2 Ventnor, on the isle of Wight
49.3 Gurnard, on the isle of Wight
50 Clausentum Bitterne
50.1 Onna? Nursling
50.2 Hengistbury Head
51 Hamworthy, near Poole
51.1 Wareham
52 Port of Durnovaria Weymouth, near Dorchester
52.1 Vindelis, Vindilis? Isle of Portland
53 Isca Dumnoniorum Exeter, with aport at Topsham on the R Exe
53.1 Tamaris Plymouth
53.2 Restormel Castle
53.3 Gweek
53.4 Ictis, Mictis (export of tin) St. Michael’s Mount, Marazion
54 Silina insula, Sicdelis, Cassiterides islands? Scilly islands, West of Cornwall
54.1 Trevelgue Head, near Newquay
54.2 St Gennys Roman fortlet
54.3 Morwenstow Roman fortlet
54.4 Clovelly Dikes Roman fortlet
54.5 Martinhoe Roman fortlet
54.6 Old Burrow Roman fortlet at Countisbury
54.7 Grabbist Hill, near Dunster
55  Port of Iscalis? Combwich, in front of Cardiff might have had a Roman port ?
56 Abona Sea Mills, near Bristol
56.1 Glevum Gloucester
57 Venta Silurum Caerwent
57.1 Isca Silurum Caerleon
58 Tanion? Tamium? near Cardiff
59 Barry
59.1 Port of Bomium? Porthcawl, near Bridgend
60 Nido, Nidum Neath
60.1 Leucarum Loughor
61 Moridunum Carmarthen
61.1 Trelissey, near Amroth
61.2 Wiston Roman fortlet
61.3 Erglodd Roman fortlet
62 Maglona? Cefn-Caer Farm, Roman fort near Pennal
62.1 Birthdir Roman fort
62.2 Tremadoc Roman villa
62.3 Castell Odo
62.4 possible lighthouse Dinas Dinlle
63 Segontium Caernarfon
63.1 Aberffraw
63.2 possible lighthouse on Mona insula Caer y Twr on Holyhead Mountain
63.3 Caer Gybi Roman fort
63.4 possible lighthouse on Mona insula Pen Bryn-Yr-Eglwys
63.5 Llanfihangel Din Sylwy, Bwrdd Arthur
64 Canovium, Conovium Caerhun
65 Prestatyn, West of Liverpool might have had a Roman port?
66 Deva Victrix Chester
66.1 Meols
66.2 Wilderspool, near Liverpool
67 Walton le Dale
68 Setantiorum Portus Possibly submerged North of Fleetwood?
69 Calunium Lancaster Roman fort
69.1 Alauna? Alone? Watercrook Roman fort
70 Monaoeda, Monobia, Manavia Isle of Man
71 Glannoventa Ravenglass
71.1 Tunnocelum Beckermet
72 Gabrosentum Moresby, near Parton
73 Magis Workington
74 Alauna, Alione Maryport, on the Firth of Solway
75 Bibra? Bribra? Beckfoot
75.1 Portus Trucculensis? Angerton, Kirkbride
76 Maia Bowness on Solway, at the west end of Hadrien’s wall
77 Concavata? Drumburgh
77.1 Caerlaverock Castle
78 Dalbeattie, might have had a Roman port?
78.1 Loucovium? Glennlochar Roman fortlet
78.2 Gatehouse of Fleet Roman fortlet
78.3 Newton Stewart Roman fortlet
78.4 Glenluce Roman fortlet
78.5 Rerigonium? Stranraer Roman fortlet
78.6 Girvan Mains Roman fortlet
78.7 Clotagenium Old Kilpatrick, at the West end of Antonine’s wall
79 Clota in Hiverione Isle of Arran, in the Firth of Clyde near Glasgow
79.1 Port Ellen, on the Isle of Islay
79.2 Dunadd