Egypt-Libya

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
2504 Bitylion, Bethaphou, Boutaphion Sheikh Zuweid?
2504.1 Rhinocolura el-Arish
2504.2 Ostrakine, Ostracena Isle of el-Felusiyat on Lake el-Bardawil
2504.3 Casius Mons Ras Qasrun, Khatib el-Gals
2504.4 Gerra Tell Mahmudiyeh, near Péluse
2505 R Nile navigable between Lake Mareotis and the first cataract (Elephantine island near Assouan) with many ports, among which Coptos (Qift) which was the connection to the Red Sea. From Myos-Hormos and Berenike, one could join Coptos on R Nile and continue to Memphis and Alexandria sailing downstrean on the Nile, instead of sailing against the prevailing northern winds on the Red Sea (Plini the Elder, Hist Nat, 6, 26) ; however, the total journey time and safety were not all that different.
2505.1 Pelousion, Pelusium, Peluse Tell el-Farama
2505.15 Thennesos Tell Tinnis
2505.17 Panephysis el-Manzala
2505.2 Magdolos, archaic Migdol?
Rameses III’s famous Nile Delta Battle (1178 BC) possibly in this area
Tell el-Herr
2505.21 Tell el-Ghaba
2505.22 Tell Kedua
2505.3 archaic Tjaru, Zaru, Tharu, starting point of the “Ways of Horus” to Gaza Tell Heboua, Habua
2505.32 Sile, Silu Tell Abu Seifa, Abou Seify
2505.35 Daphnae, Daphnes de Péluse Tell Defenneh, Tahpanhes
2505.36 Herakleopolis Mikra, Heracleus, Sethroe Tell Belim
2505.37 Hephaistos Sanhur
2505.38 Minshat Abu Omar
2505.4 Tanis, Djanet, archaic D’nt, Biblic Tsoan, port of Pi-Rameses Tell San el-Hagar
2505.41 Phenouphis Mendesio
2505.45 Imet Tell Nebesha, Farun
2505.5 Mendes, archaic Djedet, archaic ‘npt, Anpet Tell el-Ruba
2505.52 Thmouis Tell Timaï
2505.55 Pharbaitos, Pharbaethos, Sheten, Setennu Horbeit
2505.57 Tell Ibrahim Awad
2505.6 Pi-Ramesses, Pi-Ramses, Piramesse, with port near main palace Qantir
2505.65 Avaris, Hutwaret, archaic capital city of the Hyksos ; renamed Peru-nefer as from 1550 BC and hosting the naval base of Thoutmosis III and Amenhotep II Tell el-Dab’a
2505.7 Pithom, Patoumos, Heroonpolis, Heropolis, City of Heroes, archaic Tjekou, Per Atoum Tell el-Mashkuta
2505.72 Pithom archaic settlement on the Canal of Necho II and Ptolemy II Tell el-Retabeh, Retabah, on Wadi Tumilat, near Ismailia Canal
2505.75 Pi Sopdu, Saphthis? Saft el-Henneh, Hinna
2505.77 Boubastis, archaic Pi Ubaste Tell Basta, near Zagazig
2505.8 Leontopolis North Tell el-Moqdam
2505.85 Athribis, archaic Kemouer, Hout-hery-ib Tell el-Atrib, near Benha
2505.9 Leontopolis South Tell el-Yahudiya
2506 Tamiathis Damietta
2506.1 Diospolis, archaic Paiuenamon, Sma Behdet Tell el-Balamun
2506.2 Isiospolis, Isidospolis? Iseum, archaic Per Hebite Behbeit el-Hagar
2506.3 Sebennytos Samanud
2506.4 Bousiris Abusir
2507 Bolbitine Burj Rashid, near Rosetta
2507.1 Perseos Skope near Bolbitine
2507.2 Bouto, Buto, archaic Dep & Pe Tell Faraïn, near Ibtu
2507.3 Xoïs Sakha, Djeqapir
2507.4 Sais Sa el Hagar
2507.5 Tawa, Taua, Taya Tantah
2508 Memphis, with port called Peru-nefer, archaic Aneb-Hedj or White-walls, Djed-Sut, Ankh-Tawy, Men-nefer, Menfe, Tyrian camp Mit Rahina, Kom el-Qala
2508.01 Quarry at Tura, Tora, Tourah South
2508.02 Royu, Troyu, Troikon Oros Quarry at Tura, Tora, Tourah North
2508.03 Maadi, on wadi Degla
2508.04 Port of King Khafre, Khefren Giza, Gizeh, in front of the Sphinx temple
2508.05 Babylon, Stratonicidi Cairo, near Saint Barbara Coptic Orthodox Church
2508.06 Letopolis, Letus, archaic Khem Kom Aushim, Ausim
2508.1 Terenouthis Tell Abou Billo
2508.12 Per-Irer, Perire, famous battle against Sea Peoples won by Merneptah in 1208 BC Somewhere in the Wadi El Natrun area
2508.15 Momemphis, archaic Imaw Kom el-Hisn
2508.2 Naucratis, Pi-emroye Kom el Gaïef
2508.3 Hieraconpolis near Damanhur
2508.4 Hermopolis Mikra near Damanhur
2508.5 Psenemphaia, Theroge, South end of ancient Mareotis lake Kom el Truga SE of Alexandria
2508.6 Schedia on the Canal of Canope Kom el Hamam in SE suburbs of Alexandria
2509 Thonis submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
2509.1 Heracleion submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
2510 Menouthis submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
2511 Pikuat, Canopus Abu Qir
2512 Taposiris Mikra near Al Muntazah
2513 Iuliopolis, Nikopolis near Stanley Bridge?
2514 Rhacotis, Rhacotès, Rakhotis Alexandria
2515 Alexandrie, Portus Magnus and its Pharos Alexandrie, also called « Le Phare », The Pharos
2516 archaic port of the isle of Pharos Ras el-Teen, Ras el-Tin, before the heptastadion was built, this was an island quite similar to Tyre, many submerged structures are described by Jondet
2517 Eunostos Dekhela, Dikheila: Alexandria West
2518 Kibotos port located inside the Port of Eunostos
2518.1 Portus Mareoticus, Mareotis lake port connected to Kibotos by a canal
2519 Bendideum, Bendis, Bendidée in or near Alexandria
2519.1 Small port discovered in 1909 2 km SE of Cape Agami, near ancient quarries at Mex
2520 Chersonesos islet in front of Abu Talat? Possibly cape Agami at port of Dikheila?
2520.1 Philoxenite with ancient lighthouse, port on Lake Mareotis, Mareia, Marea Qaryat Shakush, near Huwariya
2520.2 Box-shaped harbour
2521 Plinthinos, Plinthine, East jetty near Burg el-Arab
2522 Taposiris Megale, Taposiris Magna and its ancient tower Abounsir, near Burg el-Arab
2523 Chimo, Cheimo el Bordan, about 30 km East of El Alamein
2524 Glaucum, Glaukos el Imayid, about 15 km East of El Alamein
2525 Leucaspis, Cynossema, Antipharis, Antiphrai El Alamein
2526 Derris, Derras Derasiya?
2527 Comaru near Sidi Abd el Rahman
2528 Zephyrium Prom. near Ras el Daba
2529 Pedonia, behind Myrmex insulae Sambra Reef
2530 Trakhea Abou Jerab near Galaj
2531 Pnigeus Akroterion, Pnigeo Ras al Gharqan, Ras Gregrien, Caesar Beach
2532 Phoenicus, Phoenicunte South of Ras el-Kanayis
2533 Hermaeis, Ermea near Ras el-Kanayis
2534 Leuce, Leuke Akte Ras el-Kanayis
2535 Zygris near Disney Beach
2536 Laodanuntium, Ladamantia Marsa Mahadda, near Sidi Haneish
2537 Kallias, Kalamaion, Calamaeo near Almaza Beach Resort
2538 Graeas Gony, Graeasgoni seu Vetulae portus near Garawla
2539 Paretonius, Paraetonium, Ammonia Marsa Matrouh, Bates’ island, Geziret el-Yehudiyeh
2540 Delphines and Zephyrium islands islets in front of Obayed beach, 15 km West of Marsa Matrouh
2541 Apis near Zawyet Umm el Rakham
2542 Nesis, Natem Ras Bulaou
2543 Selenis, Selenide near Azy
2544 Azy Marsa Aasi
2545 Iles Tyndarios, Tauris Ishailah rocks
2546 Chautaeo, Chettaia
2547 Zygis, Zygri, Zygrae near Sheikh el Bisri
2548 Ainesisphyra, Aenesiphyra, Ennesyphora, Nesus near Sidi Barrani
2549 Catabathmus Maior, Plunos, Plynos, Plynus, Tetrapyrgia Sallum
2550 Ficu sandy creek?
2551 Panorme sandy creek?
2552 Eurea sandy creeks?
2553 Petras Magna, Patarrus, Petrante Bardia
2554 Ardanis Akron, Kardamis, Ardanaxes Ras Bu Wushayyikah
2555 Menelaüs, Menelas Ras el-Awrah?
2556 Katanis Prom., Catanis natural shelter
2557 Marsa Gabes
2558 Scythranius, Cyrthanio Marsa el Afarid, about 30 km East of Tobrouk: sandy creeks
2559 El Gara, Al Qa’arah
2560 Antipyrgos Tobrouk
2561 Miceris near Zawiyat al Murassas
2562 Petras Parna, Petrante Parvo, Petras Minor, Petras Mikros, Small port of Petrante Marsa Tarfaia, near Ain al Ulaymah
2563 Batrachus Wadi ed Sedd
2563.1 Allem Dauhr
2564 Sidonia, Aedonia Jeziret el-Marakeb
2565 Paliouros, Paliuro At Tamimi
2566 Platea, Platée island now connected to the continent, South of Bombah
2567 Phthia, Phaea Bombah
2568 Dionysios near Zawiyat Umm Hufayn
2569 Chersoneso, Antichides-Chersonèse Ras el-Tin, Atteen
2570 Aziris, Azarion, Azari, archaic Aüza? Marsa al-Chabda Wadi Al Khaleej
2571 Darnis Derna
2572 Zephyrion Akron Ras Bu Meddad, 8 km West of Derna
2573 Chersi, Xherson, Aphrodisias? Lea Veneris? Chersa islets 15 km NW of Derna
2574 Erythron, Erythre Wadi al Athrun
2575 Naustathamos, Naustathmum Ras al-Hilal
2576 Apollonia, port of Cyrène, Kyrene, with ancient lighthouse Susah, Soussa
2576.1 Sidi Aamer
2577 Phykous, Phycus, Phycunte Hamamah, where submerged remains have been reported
2578 Aptouchou Hieron, Aptoucha Al Haniya, Hanieh
2578.1 Roman villa at Gasr el Hammam
2579 Ausigdis? Nausidos Gasr Disa, near El Zerbi
2580 Kainopolis, Cenopolis Maatin el-Agla
2581 Ptolemaïs, port of Barce, Barca Tolmeita, port of al Marj
2581.1 Roman villa
2581.2 Roman villa at el Bent
2582 Teucheira, Tauchira, Arsinoe, Pentapolis Taukra, Tocra
2582.1 Roman villa
2582.2 Bersis
2582.3 Tansoluch
2583 Hadrianopolis, Kaukalou Kome? Daryanah
2584 Ain Zeina, near Kuwayfiyah
2585 Argoos, Arghous, near Tritonis Palus, Lake Triton, near Berenice Arghous, near Benghazi
2586 Berenice, Berenike, port of Euesperides, Hesperidae, Hesperides Sidi Khrebish, Benghazi
2587 Rhinis ? 10 km SW of Benghazi
2588 Pitho ? 12 km SW of Benghazi
2589 Theotimaeo near Pitho
2590 Halis ? 15 km SW of Benghazi
2591 Boreion, Boreum Ras Teyonas, 20 km SW of Benghazi
2592 Chersis Chersa, Karsa, near Qaryat al Barakat
2593 Amastoris Bu Sceriba?
2594 Heracleo Ras Carcura?
2595 Drepanon near Heracleo
2596 Serapeion South of Carcura
2597 Diarrhoea Portus near Sultan?
2598 Attici Phenica, Api? near Sultan
2599 Roman villa at Gasr en Nfeil
2600 Kainon, Caeno Zuetina?
2601 Euschoeno near Ajdabiya?
2602 Hyphali islands islands near Ajdabiya?
2603 Scopelo, Mysinos insula reefs in front of the beach?
2604 Pontia insula Isle of Garah?
2605 Maea, Maia, Gaia insula Isle of Ishaifa?
2606 Astrochonda, Astrochona 30 km NE of New Brega
2607 Tincausari
2608 Krokodeilos, Crocodilo 11 km NE of New Brega
2609 Boreum, Borio Bu Grada, near New Brega
2610 Antidrepano Prom. 10 km SW of New Brega
2611 Mendrion Marsa al Brega
2612 Cozynthion Roman villa at Gasr el Brega
2613 Tiniodiri about 10 km SW of Brega
2614 Ammoniou Pegai, Ammonii fontibus about 17 km SW of Brega
2615 Anabucis near Bishr
2616 Automalax, Automalacis, Euteletos? Roman fort about 10 km West of Bishr
2617 Arae Philaenorum Prom., Banadedari border between Cyrenaica and Africa, near Bir Umm el Garanigh
2618 Tugulus about 11 km NW of the Ras Lanuf oil terminal
2619 Turris and Taberna As Sidr
2620 Hippou Akra Ras el Ihudia?
2621 Zacazama near Bin Jawad
2622 Aubereo, Ad Capsum Ultimum Sidi Beheri, about 20 km West of Bin Jawad
2623 Ad Palmam near Marsa al Uwayja
2624 Tramaricio at 31° of latitude
2625 Aulazon Aulazon
2626 Eperos, Esperis near the remains of Mintaqat Wadi Harawah
2627 Charax, Coarce, Iscina Medina Sultan
2628 Ad Speluncas about 10 km West of Sultan
2629 Zure about 20 km East of Syrte
2630 Several Roman villas near Jabiat Escout
2631 La Tour d’Euphrantas, Euphrantas’ Tower, Macomades Sirte
2631.1 Putea Nigrorum Several Roman villas near Qbeba
2632 Dysopo, Astiagi about 30 km West of Syrte
2633 Praetorium? about 60 km West of Syrte
2634 Aspis, Aspide, Ad Ficum Bwayrat al Hasun, about 80 km West of Sirte
2635 Macomaca Melfa
2636 Taricheiai, Tarichiis ? at the East of Misrata
2637 Cephalis Prom., Tubactis Misrata
2638 Marsa Gezirah near Misrata
2639 Simnana about 10 km West of Misrata
2640 Nivirgi Tabernae about 30 km West of Misrata
2641 Sugolin, Seggera Roman villa at Zliten
2642 Kinyps about 10 km West of Zliten
2642.1 Roman villa
2643 Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna, with ancient lighthouse, on R Lebda
2643.1 Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna not « Magna » anymore
2644 Neapolis, Leptis not yet « Magna »
2645 Hermaion, Hermaeum Prom, archaic Auza? Roman villa at Homs
2645.1 Ad Palmam Many Roman villas on the coast North of the city
2646 Gaphara, Graphara, Taphra Gaphara
2647 Amaraea 10 km West of Gaphara
2648 Megerthis, Megradi 20 km West of Gaphara
2648.1 Several Roman villas near Kassala
2649 Oea, Makar Oeat Tripoli
2650 Assaria Al Mayah near As Zaouiyah
2651 Sabratha, Sabratta, Abrotonon, Abrotone Sabratah, central promontory
2652 Sabratha Sabratah, reef with settlement
2653 Sabratha Sabratah, submerged breakwater
2654 Sabratha Sabratah, quay
2655 Ad Ammonem Mellita, near oil terminal
2656 Locris Zuwarah
2657 Gypasaria Taberna near the airport of Zuwarah
2658 Pisindon, Pisida Abu Kammash, 25 km from Tunisia