Egypt-Libya

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
3866 Bethaphou, Boutaphion, near Bitylion Sheikh Zuweid
3867 Rhinocolura, Arza? el-Arish
3868 Ostrakine, Ostracena, near Serbonitis Limen Isle of el-Felusiyat on Lake el-Bardawil
3869 Casius Mons Ras Qasrun, Khatib el-Gals.
3870 Gerra Tell Mahmudiyeh, near Peluse
3871 R Nile navigable between Lake Mareotis and the first cataract (Elephantine island near Assouan) with many ports, among which Coptos (Qift) which was the connection to the Red Sea. From Myos Hormos and Berenike, one could join Coptos on R Nile and continue to Memphis and Alexandria sailing downstrean on the Nile, instead of sailing against the prevailing northern winds  on the Red Sea (Pliny the Elder, Hist Nat, 6, 26); however, the total journey time and safety were not all that different.
3872 Pelousion, Pelusium, Peluse Tell el-Farama
3873 Thennesos Tell Tinnis
3874 Panephysis el-Manzala
3875 Magdolos, archaic Migdol?
Rameses III’s famous Nile Delta Battle (1178 BC) possibly in this area
Tell el-Herr
3876 Tell el-Ghaba
3877 Tell Kedua
3878 archaic Tjaru, Zaru, Tharu, starting point of the “Ways of Horus” to Gaza Tell Heboua, Habua
3879 Sile, Silu Tell Abu Seifa, Abou Seify
3880 Daphnae, Daphnes de Peluse Tell Defenneh, Defenna, Tahpanhes
3881 Herakleopolis Mikra, Heracleus, Sethroe Tell Belim
3882 Hephaistos Sanhur
3883 Minshat Abu Omar
3884 Tanis, Djanet, archaic D’nt, Biblic Tsoan, port of Pi-Rameses Tell San el-Hagar
3885 Phenouphis Mendesio
3886 Imet Tell Nebesha, Farun
3887 Mendes, archaic Per-banebdjedet, Djedet, archaic ‘npt, Anpet Tell el-Ruba
3888 Thmouis Tell Timaï
3889 Pharbaitos, Pharbaethos, Sheten, Setennu Horbeit
3890 Tell Ibrahim Awad
3891 Pi-Ramesses, Pi-Ramses, Piramesse, with port near main palace Qantir, port is North of village, famous stables are South
3892 Avaris, Hutwaret, archaic capital city of the Hyksos ; renamed Peru-nefer as from 1550 BC and hosting the naval base of Thoutmosis III and Amenhotep II Tell el-Dab’a
3893 Pithom, Patoumos, Heroonpolis, Heropolis, City of Heroes, archaic Tjekou, Per Atoum Tell el-Mashkuta
3894 Pithom archaic settlement on the Canal of Necho II, Darius I and Ptolemy II Tell el-Retabeh, Retabah, on Wadi Tumilat, near Ismailia Canal
3895 Pi Sopdu, Saphthis? Saft el-Henneh, Hinna
3896 Boubastis, archaic Pi Ubaste Tell Basta, near Zagazig
3897 Leontopolis North, archaic Taremu Tell el-Moqdam
3898 Athribis, archaic Kemouer, Hout-hery-ib Tell el-Atrib, near Benha
3899 Leontopolis South Tell el-Yahudiya
3900 Tamiathis Damietta
3901 Diospolis Inferior, archaic Paiuenamon, Sma Behdet Tell el-Balamun
3902 Isiospolis, Isidospolis? Iseum, archaic Per Hebite Behbeit el-Hagar
3903 Sebennytos, archaic Tjebnetjer Samanud
3904 Bousiris Abusir
3905 Bolbitine Burj Rashid, near Rosetta
3906 Perseos Skope near Bolbitine
3907 Bouto, Buto, archaic Dep & Pe, Per-wadjet Tell Faraïn, near Ibtu
3908 Xoïs Sakha, Djeqapir
3909 Saïs, archaic Sau Sa el-Hagar
3910 Tawa, Taua, Taya Tantah
3911 Tell Mostai, Tell Umm Harb
3912 Memphis, with port called Peru-nefer, archaic Inebu-hedj, Aneb-Hedj or White-walls, Djed-Sut, Ankh-Tawy, Men-nefer, Menfe, Tyrian camp Mit Rahina, Kom el-Qala
3913 Quarry at Tura, Tora, Tourah South
3914 Royu, Troyu, Troikon Oros Quarry at Tura, Tora, Tourah North
3915 Maadi, on wadi Degla
3916 Rosetjau, Port of King Khafre, Khefren Giza, Gizeh, in front of the Sphinx temple
3917 Babylon, Stratonicidi, Kheraha Cairo, near Saint Barbara Coptic Orthodox Church
3918 Letopolis, Letus, archaic Khem Kom Aushim, Ausim
3918.1 Nikiou Manuf al-Uliya
3918.2 Onouphis Ano Kom Manous, Zawiyet Razin
3919 Terenouthis Tell Abou Billo
3920  Per-Irer, Perire, famous battle against Sea Peoples won by Merneptah in 1208 BC Somewhere in the Wadi El Natrun area
3921 Momemphis, archaic Imaw Kom el-Hisn
3922 Naukratis, Naucratis, Pi-emroye, Per-Meryt Kom el-Gaïef
3923 Hieraconpolis near Damanhur
3924 Hermopolis Mikra near Damanhur
3925 Psenemphaia, Theroge, South end of ancient Mareotis lake Kom el-Truga SE of Alexandria
3926 Schedia on the Canal of Canope Kom el-Hamam in SE suburbs of Alexandria
3927 Thonis submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
3928 Heracleion submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
3929 Menouthis submerged city in the bay of Aboukir
3930 Pikuat, Canopus Abu Qir
3931 Taposiris Mikra near al-Muntazah
3932 Iuliopolis, Nikopolis near le Stanley Bridge?
3933 Rhacotis, Rhacotes, Rakhotis Alexandria
3934 Alexandria, Portus Magnus and its Pharos, home port of Classis Alexandrina fleet Alexandria, also called « Le Phare », The Pharos
3935 archaic port of the isle of Pharos Ras el-Teen, Ras el-Tin, before the heptastadion was built, this was an island quite similar to Tyre, many submerged structures are described by Jondet
3936 Eunostos Dekhela, Dikheila: Alexandria West
3937 Kibotos port located inside the Port of Eunostos
3938 Portus Mareoticus, Mareotis lake port connected to Kibotos by a canal
3939 Bendideum, Bendis, Bendidee in or near Alexandria
3940 Small port discovered in 1909 2 km SE of Cape Agami, near ancient quarries at Mex
3941 Chersonesos islet in front of Abu Talat? Possibly cape Agami at port of Dikheila?
3942 Philoxenite, port on Lake Mareotis, Mareia, Marea Qaryat Shakush, near Huwariya, with ancient lighthouse
3943 Box-shaped harbour
3944 Plinthinos, Plinthine, East jetty near Burg el-Arab
3945 Taposiris Megale, Taposiris Magna and its ancient tower Abounsir, near Burg el-Arab
3946 Chimo, Cheimo el-Bordan, about 30 km East of el-Alamein
3947 Glaucum, Glaukos el-Imayid, about 15 km East of el-Alamein
3948 Leucaspis, Cynossema, Antipharis, Antiphrai el-Alamein
3949 Derris, Derras Derasiya?
3950 Comaru near Sidi Abd el-Rahman
3951 Zephyrium Prom. near Ras el-Daba
3952 Pedonia, behind Myrmex insulae Sambra Reef
3953 Trakhea Abou Jerab near Galaj
3954 Pnigeus Akroterion, Pnigeo Ras al-Gharqan, Ras Gregrien, Caesar Beach
3955 Phoenicus, Phoenicunte South of Ras el-Kanayis
3956 Hermaeis, Ermea near Ras el-Kanayis
3957 Leuce, Leuke Akte Ras el-Kanayis
3958 Zygris near Disney Beach
3959 Laodanuntium, Ladamantia Marsa Mahadda, near Sidi Haneish
3960 Kallias, Kalamaion, Calamaeo near Almaza Beach Resort
3961 Graeas Gony, Graeasgoni seu Vetulae portus near Garawla
3962 Paretonius, Paraetonium, Ammonia Marsa Matrouh, Bates’ island, Geziret el-Yehudiyeh
3963 Delphines & Zephyrium insulae islets in front of Obayed beach, 15 km West of Marsa Matrouh
3964 Apis near Zawyet Umm el-Rakham
3965 Nesis, Natem Ras Bulaou
3966 Selenis, Selenide near Azy
3967 Azy Marsa Aasi
3968 Tyndarios, Tauris islets Ishailah rocks
3969 Chautaeo, Chettaia
3970 Zygis, Zygri, Zygrae near Sheikh el-Bisri
3971 Ainesisphyra, Aenesiphyra, Ennesyphora, Nesus near Sidi Barrani
3972 Katabathmos, Catabathmus Maior, Plunos, Plynos, Plynus, Tetrapyrgia Sallum
3973 Ficu sandy creek?
3974 Panorme sandy creek?
3975 Eurea sandy creeks?
3976 Petras Magna, Patarrus, Petrante Bardia
3977 Ardanis Prom., Kardamis, Ardanaxes Ras Bu Wushayyikah
3978 Menelaüs, Menelas Ras el-Awrah?
3979 Katanis Prom., Catanis natural shelter
3980 Marsa Gabes
3981 Scythranius, Cyrthanio Marsa el-Afarid, about 30 km East of Tobrouk: sandy creeks
3982 el-Gara, al-Qa’arah
3983 Antipyrgos Tobrouk
3984 Miceris near Zawiyat al-Murassas
3985 Petras Parna, Petrante Parvo, Petras Minor, Petras Mikros, Small port of Petrante Marsa Tarfaia, near Ain al-Ulaymah
3986 Batrachus Wadi ed Sedd
3987 Allem Dauhr
3988 Sidonia, Aedonia insula Jeziret el-Marakeb
3989 Paliouros, Paliuro At Tamimi
3990 Platea insula, Platee island now connected to the continent, South of Bombah
3991 Phthia, Phaea Bombah
3992 Dionysios near Zawiyat Umm Hufayn
3993 Chersoneso, Antichides-Chersonese Ras el-Tin, Atteen
3994 Aziris, Azarion, Azari, archaic Auza? Marsa al-Chabda Wadi al-Khaleej
3995 Darnis Derna
3996 Zephyrion Akron Ras Bu Meddad, 8 km West of Derna
3997 Chersi, Xherson, Aphrodisias? Lea Veneris? Chersa islets 15 km NW of Derna
3998 Erythron, Erythre Wadi al-Athrun
3999 Naustathamos, Naustathmum Ras al-Hilal
4000 Apollonia, port of Cyrene, Kyrene Susah, Soussa, with ancient lighthouse
4001 Sidi Aamer
4002 Phykous, Phycus, Phycunte Hamamah, where submerged remains have been reported
4003 Aptouchou Hieron, Aptoucha al-Haniya, Hanieh
4004 Roman villa at Gasr el-Hammam
4005 Ausigdis? Nausidos Gasr Disa, near el-Zerbi
4006 Kainopolis, Cenopolis Maatin el-Agla, Maaten al-Uqla
4007 Ptolemais, port of Barce, Barca Tolmeita, port of al-Marj
4008 Roman villa
4009 Roman villa at el-Bent
4010 Teucheira, Tauchira, Arsinoe, Pentapolis Taukra, Tocra
4011 Roman villa
4012 Bersis
4013 Tansoluch
4014 Hadrianopolis, Kaukalou Kome? Daryanah
4015 Ain Zeina, near Kuwayfiyah
4016 Argoos, Arghous, near Tritonis Palus, Lake Triton, near Berenice Arghous, near Benghazi
4017 Berenice, Berenike, port of Euesperides, Hesperidae, Hesperides Sidi Khrebish, Benghazi
4018 Rhinis ? 10 km SW of Benghazi
4019 Pitho ? 12 km SW of Benghazi
4020 Theotimaeo near Pitho
4021 Halis ? 15 km SW of Benghazi
4022 Boreion, Boreum Ras Teyonas, 20 km SW of Benghazi
4023 Chersis Chersa, Karsa, near Qaryat al-Barakat
4024 Amastoris Bu Sceriba?
4025 Heracleo Ras Carcura?
4026 Drepanon near Heracleo
4027 Serapeion South of Carcura
4028 Diarrhoea portus near Sultan?
4029 Attici Phenica, Api? near Sultan
4030 Roman villa at Gasr en Nfeil
4031 Kainon, Caeno Zuetina?
4032 Euschoeno near Ajdabiya?
4033 Hyphali insulae islands near Ajdabiya?
4034 Scopelo, Mysinos insula reefs in front of the beach?
4035 Pontia insula Isle of Garah?
4036 Maea, Maia, Gaia insula Isle of Ishaifa?
4037 Astrochonda, Astrochona 30 km NE of New Brega
4038 Tincausari
4039 Krokodeilos, Crocodilo 11 km NE of New Brega
4040 Boreum, Borio Bu Grada, near New Brega
4041 Antidrepano Prom. 10 km SW of New Brega
4042 Mendrion Marsa al-Brega
4043 Cozynthion Roman villa at Gasr el- Brega
4044 Tiniodiri about 10 km SW of Brega
4045 Ammoniou Pegai, Ammonii fontibus about 17 km SW of Brega
4046 Anabucis near Bishr
4047 Automalax, Automalacis, Euteletos? Roman fort about 10 km West of Bishr
4048 Arae Philaenorum Prom., Banadedari border between Cyrenaica and Africa, near Bir Umm el-Garanigh
4049 Tugulus about 11 km NW of the Ras Lanuf oil terminal
4050 Turris and Taberna As Sidr
4051 Hippou Akra Ras el-Ihudia?
4052 Zacazama near Bin Jawad
4053 Aubereo, Ad Capsum Ultimum Sidi Beheri, about 20 km West of Bin Jawad
4054 Ad Palmam near Marsa al-Uwayja
4055 Tramaricio at 31° of latitude
4056 Aulazon Aulazon
4057 Eperos, Esperis near the remains of Mintaqat Wadi Harawah
4058 Charax, Coarce, Iscina Medina Sultan
4059 Ad Speluncas about 10 km West of Sultan
4060 Zure about 20 km East of Syrte
4061 Several Roman villas near Jabiat Escout
4062 La Tour d’Euphrantas, Euphrantas’ Tower, Macomades Sirte
4063 Putea Nigrorum Several Roman villas near Qbeba
4064 Dysopo, Astiagi about 30 km West of Syrte
4065 Praetorium? Several Roman villas about 60 km West of Syrte
4066 Aspis, Aspide, Ad Ficum Bwayrat al-Hasun, about 80 km West of Sirte
4067 Macomaca Melfa
4068 Taricheiai, Tarichiis ? at the East of Misrata
4069 Cephalis Prom., Tubactis Misrata
4070 Marsa Gezirah near Misrata
4071 Simnana about 10 km West of Misrata
4072 Nivirgi Tabernae about 30 km West of Misrata
4073 Sugolin, Seggera Roman villa at Zliten
4074 Kinyps about 10 km West of Zliten
4075 Roman villa
4076 Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna, with ancient lighthouse, on R Lebda
4077 Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna not “Magna” anymore
4078 Neapolis, Leptis not yet “Magna”
4079 Hermaion, Hermaeum Prom, archaic Auza? Roman villa at Homs
4080 Ad Palmam Many Roman villas on the coast North of the city
4081 Gaphara, Graphara, Taphra Gaphara
4082 Amaraea 10 km West of Gaphara
4083 Megerthis, Megradi 20 km West of Gaphara
4084 Several Roman villas near Kassala
4085 Oea, Makar Oeat Tripoli
4086 Roman villa at Gargaresc
4087 Assaria al-Mayah near As Zaouiyah
4088 Sabratha, Sabratta, Abrotonon, Abrotone Sabratah, central promontory
4089 Sabratha Sabratah, reef with settlement
4090 Sabratha Sabratah, submerged breakwater
4091 Sabratha Sabratah, quay
4092 Ad Ammonem Mellita, near oil terminal
4093 Locris Zuwarah
4094 Casas Zuara
4095 Gypasaria Taberna near the airport of Zuwarah
4096 Pisindon, Pisida Abu Kammash, 25 km from Tunisia