Crete-Cyprus

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

NB Ancient name Modern name
2918 Falasarna, Phalasarna Falasarna, Phalasarna. There are only a few places protected from the western waves on the West coast of Crete;  the only good natural shelter from a nautical point of view is at Gramvousa (Balos Beach). However, the ancient port was identified as a cothon (dug artificial basin) at the toe of a promontory located 1 km North of the city of Phalasarna
2919 Iusagura, Iousagoura  insula Cape Tigani
2920 Myle insula Isle of Pontikonision
2921 Mese insula Imeri Gramvousa
2922 Kimaros, Tretos prom. Cape Gramvousa
2923 Agnio, Agneion Apollo temple at creek on the East side of Cape Gramvousa
2924 Mykenai, Elaea? near Trachilos
2925 Cisamo, Cisamus Kisamos-Kastelli inside the gulf of Kissamos
2926 Mythimna, Napia? Nopigia inside the gulf of Kissamos
2927 Tityro Prom. Cape Rodopou, Agios Paulos
2928 Diktyna, Dictynnaion Menies
2929 Pergamos near Kolimbari
2930 Akoition, Akytos, Koite, Coete insula Agios Theodoros, on the isle of Theodori, near Gerani
2931 Cydonie, Kydonia Khania, Chania, la Canee
2932 Temple at Lera, near Stavros
2933 Temple at Panagia Arkoudiotiussa, Katholiko monastery
2934 Marathi, on the North side of the entrance to the bay of Souda.
2935 Hormiskos Loutraki
2936 Minoa Limenistos Minoas, Limin Sternon
2937 Leukai, Budroae, Boudroe insulae Islets of Souda, Leon & Palaiosouda
2938 Soudha
2939 port of Aptera, Kisamos Kalami, on the South side of the entrance to the bay of Souda. There are thus two homonym sites: Hampsa seems to have managed to make this distinction
2940 Tanos near Almyrida
2941 Amphimatrion, Amfimala, Amphimalla Georgioupoli, at the outlet of R Almiros
2942 Idramia, Hydramia, Hydramo Dramia, Idramon, at the outlet of R Mousella
2943 Gerani beach
2944 Rethymno , Arsinoe Rhithymna West side of Rethymno. Note the slipways located West of the castle underneath the coastal boulevard
2945 Port of Allaria, Agrion Stavromenos
2946 Panormos, Aulopotamos, Mylopotamou, Pantomatrion? Panormos
2947 Astali, Astale Bali
2948 Kytaion Almirida
2949 Apollonia? Agia Pelagia
2950 Apollonia? Gazi
2951 Heraklion, Heracleion, Poros and Katsambas, Omphalion, Candia Iraklio
2952 Minoan port of Knossos Poros/Katsamba, at outlet of R Katsaba, near modern port of Iraklio
2953 Standia, Dia insula Agios Georgios bay, on the isle of Dia
2954 Kapari bay, on the isle of Dia
2955 Panagia bay, on the isle of Dia
2956 Agrilia bay, on the isle of Dia
2957 Aginara bay, on the isle of Dia
2958 Aminisos, Amnisos, Amnissus, on R Kairatos, Minoan port of Knossos, capital city of archaic Caphtor, Keftiu outlet of R Karteros, East of Iraklion’s airport, near Eileithyia Cave
2959 Niros, Nirou Khani, 2 km East of the temple of Zeus Thenatas ; Flemming and Pirazzoli (1981) mention a Minoan shipyard which can be seen under water on Google Earth between the tip of the sand spit and the rocky islet
2960 Chersonesos, Cherrhonesos, port of Lyctos, Lyttos Khersonisos, Cherronisos, Hersonissos at Anissaras
2961 Malia Mallia
2961.1 Boufos, near Sisi
2962 Milatos? Militos
2963 Olus, Olous, Olonte Elounda
2964 Kolokythia
2965 Temple of Ares, Aphrodite, Archaion Aphrodision Sto Pyrgo, near Ellinika
2966 Lato pros Kamara, Kamara, Camara Agios Nikolaos
2967 Istro Istron West
2968 Istro, port of Vrokastro Istron East, with Minoan Vrokastro site on top of the cliff
2969 Gournia
2970 Minoa Pachia Ammos
2971 Tholos due South of the isle of Psira
2972 Pseira East bay, on the isle of Psira, near famous Minoan shipwreck
2973 Kasou, Casios near Mokhlos?
2974 Mochlos Mokhlos, small creek on the East side of the cape located in front of the islet
2975 port of Petra? Liopetro
2975.1 Papadiokambos
2976 Setaea, Ketia, Cetia, Eteia Sitia, Sitaia, Siteia, Eteia,Etea
2977 Petras, Polichna? Port of Praisos Trypitos Setaea
2977.1 Agia Photia
2978 Dionysiades, Dionysa, Dionusias insulae Dionysiades islands, Dragonada, Gianisada and Paximada, South creek on the isle of Dragonada
2979 Samonio Prom. with temple of Athena Cape Sidero, but Uggeri claims it could be at Tenta bay & beach, 3.5 km SSW of this place
2980 Ermoupolis, Rimopolis Itanos
2981 port of Dicte, temple of Zeus Diktaios, Palaiokastron, Petsofa, Eleia? Rousolakos, Eleia Chora, Mont Dicte, Dikti, East of Crete
2982 Zakro Kato Zakros
2983 Ampelos? Ambelos, Xirokambos
2984 Syrinthos? Livari, near Atherinolakkos
2985 Leuke, on Leuke insula Leuke, on the Isle of Koufonisi
2986 Stalai? Makrygialos, Diaskari
2987 Koutsounari & Agia Fotia Photia
2988 Hierapytna Ierapetra
2989 East cove, on the isle of Chryssi
2990 Cape Mouri, on the isle of Chryssi
2991 Gra Ligia, Gralivia Gra Lygia
2991.1 Fournou Kefala
2991.2 Pyrgos, near Myrtos
2992 Myrtos Myrtos
2993 Aria Arvi
2994 Bieno, Biennus Keratokampos, near Kastri
2995 Inatos, Einatos, port of Priansos Tsoutsouros
2996 Plaka Tris Ekklisies
2997 Trypiti Trypiti
2998 Leben, Lebena, port of Gortyne, with Oxeia insula Lendas, with Elephant Rock island
2999 Lasaia, Lasea, Halis, Halae islet of Trafos at Chrysostomos 2 km East of Kaloi Limenes. A rubble mound breakwater can be seen on Google Earth
3000 Beaux Ports, port of Lasee, Elyssa Kaloi Limenes. www.bilbiquest.org locates it in a bay now called « Kaloi Limenes » Good Ports. It is today a small LPG terminal. One wonders just why the captain preferred to winter at Loutro rather than here
3001 Matalon, Matala, Matalum, port of Gortyne Matala. N.C.Flemming and P.A. Pirazzoli, 1981 mention this slipway in the SE corner of the Matala creek
3002 Kommos, Amyklaion, Amyclaeum? Komo beach 1 km South of Kalamaki
3003 Kamilari
3004 Phaistos, Phestie Festos  (near Tympaki airport), on R Geropotamos
3005 Agia Triada, on R Geropotamos
3006 Sulia, Soulia, Sulena, port of Sybrita, on R Electra Agia Galini, 6km NW of Tympaki Airport, on R Plotis
3007 Psycheion, Psyche Agios Pavlos, at cape Melissa
3008 Bionnos? Pyrgos, near Kerames
3009 Schinaria
3010 Lamone? Agios  Georgios, in Plakias Bay
3011 port of Apollonia? Souda, near Sellia
3012 Phoinix? a possible location of Phoinix
3013 Agios Eustratios near Fragkokastello
3014 Phoenicis portus, port of Phenix, Phoinix, Phoinica Loutro East. Ptolemy locates Phoenicis portus explicitely on the South coast at 20’ of latitude South of Phalasarna. Uggeri indicates that the Loutro peninsula has a typical Phoenician shape with one port on each side.
3015 Phoenicis portus, port of Phenix, Phoinix, Phoinica Loutro West. Ptolemy locates Phoenicis portus explicitely on the South coast at 20’ of latitude South of Phalasarna. Uggeri indicates that the Loutro peninsula has a typical Phoenician shape with one port on each side.
3016 Clauda, Claudia, Gaudus, Kaudos, Kyklos insula Isle of Gavdos
3017 Ambelos, Kaudos? Hormos Sarakinikos, on the isle of Gavdos
3018 Tharro, Tarros, Tarrha, Tarra Agia Roumeli, at outlet of R Samaria
3019 Poikilassos, Peocilassus, Paecilasso Pikilassos, on R Trypiti, Tripiti
3020 Syba, Syia, Suja, port of Elyros Suia, shingle beach of Sougia, at outlet of R Tsikalaria
3021 Lissa, Lissus, 2nd port d’Elyros Agios Kyriakos, 2 km West of Sougia
3022 Selino, port of Kalamyde, Calamyde Palaiochora, between outlets of R Kakodikianos & R Azodianos
3023 Agios Georgios, near Grammeno
3024 Kriu, Kriou, ancien Criu Metopon Agia Kyriaki: small creek on the SW side of Cape Krios
3025 Biennos, Biennon, Musagores Agios Ioannis di Ktista, east of Elafonisi, Elaphonisos
3026 Moni Chrisoskalitisas between Elafonisi and Stomio
3027 Rhamnus portus Stomio. Ptolemy locates Rhamnus portus at 10’ of latitude South of Phalasarna, near the beach of Stomio
3028 Chersonesos Keramoti bay, near cape Karavoutas
3029 Sphinarion Sfinari
3030 Cyprus, archaic Alashiya, Alasia, Iatnana, Iadnana, Yadnana, Adnana, Ires, Insula Portuosa Isle of Cyprus
3031 Akraia, Acra Prom., Rizokarpason, Olympos? Two stations according to Stadiasmus Cape Apostolos Andreas, cape Zafer: NE tip of Cyprus
3032 Phileunte, Phileous Altinkum plaji, Golden beach?
3033 Nisoi Karpassiai, Karpassia insulae Agia Pappou on Chelones island now connected to the mainland
3034 Palaea, Cape Elea near Bafra
3035 Knidos near Agios Theodoros
3036 Alaas near Agios Theodoros
3037 Salamis, Salamine of Cyprus, port of archaic Enkomi-Alasia, Constantia 7 km North of Famagousta
3038 archaic Kalopsidha, now inland
3039 Ammochostos insulae islets in front of Famagousta
3040 Arsinoe of Salamis islets in front of Famagousta
3041 Leukolla, Leucolla Paralimni
3042 Pedalium, Pedalio Prom. Cape Greco
3043 Roman villa at Kalogiannis
3044 Roman villa at Korakistres
3045 Roman villa at Ammos tou Kampouri
3046 Palio Khorio Palio Khorio near Agia Napa
3047 Nissi Beach
3048 Thronoi? Liopetri Potamos
3049 Quarry at Mosphiloudia
3050 Pyla, near Koutsopetria & Kokkinokremos
3051 Kition, Citium, Punic Qart Hadasht (export of copper) Larnaca, slipways at Bamboula
3052 Hala Sultan Tekke
3053 Palaia, Palea Cape Petounda near Mazotos
3054 Maroni Tsaroukkas, anchors
3055 Maroni Vrysoudhia
3056 Zygi-Petrini, port of Kalavasos-Tenta copper mines? Roman amphora kiln
3057 Tochni Lakkia, port of Kalavasos-Tenta copper mines?
3058 Amathus, Amathonte 10 km East of Limassol
3059 Lemesos, Theodosiana, Neapolis Limassol
3060 Tarratsos
3061 Kargaeas, Cragaearum, Curias Prom. Cape Gata South of Limassol
3062 Akrotiri-Aetokremnos
3063 Dreamer’s Bay
3064 Akrotiri Turtle beach with grey sand & dunes
3065 Kourion, Curium, Curiaco (export of copper) Episkopi Phaneromeni
3066 Tretis, Tretous Prom. Avdimou bay
3067 Teratsia, near Skales, 5 km NW of Aphrodite’s birthplaces at Petra Tou Romiou
3068 Paleapaphos Kouklia
3069 Styllarka, at the outlet of R Xeros
3070 Anchorage of Zephyria Prom. Cape Zephyros, South of Mandria
3071 Roman villa at Agios Leontios
3072 Numenio islets near Cape Arsinoe?
3073 Cape Arsinoe, Arsinoen, Arsinoe of Palaipaphos near Paphos
3074 Paphos, Paphon, archaic Pappa Paphos, with possible ancient lighthouse
3075 Alyki
3076 Kyssonerga-Mylouthkia
3077 archaic Maa-Palaiokastro Coral Bay
3078 Drepanon? Drepanum Prom. Agios Georgios Pegeias
3079 Akamas-Aspros & Akamas-Alimman at outlet of R Aspros at outlet of R Avakas
3080 Lara Lara Beach
3081 Drousha
3082 Akamas, Acamas, Acamus Prom. Agios Epiphanios, near Cape Arnauti
3083 Lakki, Latchi
3084 Marionpolis, Arsinoe Marion Polis tis Khrysokhou
3085 Mansoura, between Kokkino, Erenköy and Kato Pyrgos
3086 Limenia? Limnitis, Yesilirmak
3087 Roman villa at Vouni
3088 Soloi, Soli, Solos, archaic Sillu’ua, Aipeia? Potamos tou Kambou, West of Gemikonagi
3089 Melabron? near Agia Eirini
3090 Crommyaco, Krommyon Prom. Cape Kormakitis, Koruçam Burnu
3091 Lapathus, Lapethos, Lapithos, Phoinikon Lambousa near Kyrenia
3092 Cerynia, Keryneia, Keraunia, Cyrenaios Kyrenia
3093 Makaria, Macaria Moulos, Kücükerenköy
3094 Aphrodision Liastrika, Tatlisu
3095 Melandryna
3096 Kaplica, near Davlos
3097 Achaion Akte, beach of the Acheans near Galounia
3098 Karpaseia, Karpassia, Carpasie Agios Philon, Dipkarpaz
3099 group of three byzantine churches at Aphendrika, Aphentrika
3100 Aera, Ourania Exarchos Bay