Crete-Cyprus

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Ancient port mentioned by ancient author(s)

Ancient port mentioned by modern author(s) only

Potential ancient harbour, from a nautical point of view

Nb Ancient name Modern name
1573 Falasarna, Phalasarna Falasarna, Phalasarna. There are only a few places protected from the western waves on the West coast of Crete;  the only good natural shelter from a nautical point of view is at Gramvousa (Balos Beach). However, the ancient port was identified as a cothon (dug artificial basin) at the toe of a promontory located 1 km North of the city of Phalasarna
1574 Iusagura, Iousagoura  insula? Cape Tigani
1575 Myle insula Isle of Pontikonision
1576 Mese insula Imeri Gramvousa
1576.1 Tretos insula? Agria Gramvousa
1577 Agnio, Agneion Apollo temple at creek on the East side of Cape Gramvousa
1578 Mykenai? Elaea? near Trachilos
1579 Cisamo, Cisamus Kisamos-Kastelli inside the gulf of Kissamos
1580 Mythimna? Napia? Tityro Prom. Nopigia inside the gulf of Kissamos
1581 Diktyna, Dictynnaeo Diktynnaion
1582 Pergamos? near Kolimbari
1583 Akoition, Akytos, Koite, Coete Isle of Theodori, near Gerani
1584 Cydonie, Kydonia Khania, Chania, la Canée
1584.1 Temple at Lera, near Stavros
1584.2 Temple at Panagia Arkoudiotiussa, Katholiko monastery
1585 Minoa Marathi, on the North side of the entrance to the bay of Souda. Ptolemy locates this site at 3° of longitude, i.e. 250 km, East of Phalasarna, which would lead to the East coast of Crete
1586 Leukai, Budroae, Boudroe insulae Souda islet in the bay of Souda
1587 port of Aptera, Kisamos? Kalami, on the South side of the entrance to the bay of Souda. There are thus two homonym sites: Hampsa seems to have managed to make this distinction
1588 Tanos? near Almyrida
1589 Amfimala, Amphimalla Georgioupoli, at the outlet of R Almiros
1590 Idramia, Hydramia, Hydramo Dramia? Idramon, inside the estuary
1591 Amphimatrio Gerani beach?
1592 Rethymno , Arsinoe Rhithymna West side of Rethymno. Note the slipways located West of the castle underneath the coastal boulevard
1593 Pantomatrion, Agrion Stavromenos
1594 Panormos, Aulopotamos? Panormos
1595 Astali, Astale Bali
1596 Kytaion? Almirida
1597 Apollonia? Agia Pelagia
1598 Apollonia? Gazi
1599 Heraklion, Poros and Katsambas, Omphalion, port of Cnossos, Candia Iraklio
1600 Standia, Dia insula Agios Georgios bay, on the isle of Dia
1600.1 Kapari bay, on the isle of Dia
1600.2 Panagia bay, on the isle of Dia
1600.3 Agrilia bay, on the isle of Dia
1600.4 Aginara bay, on the isle of Dia
1601 Amnissus, Amnisos, port of Knossos, Minoan capital city of archaic Caphtor, Keftiu outlet of river and beach near Karteros, East of Iraklion’s airport
1602 Temple of Zeus Thenatas Nirou Khani, 2 km East of the temple of Zeus Thenatas ; Flemming and Pirazzoli (1981) mention a minoan shipyard which can be seen under water on Google Earth between the tip of the sand spit and the rocky islet
1603 Chersonesos, Cherrhonesos, port of Lyctos, Lyttos Khersonisos, Cherronisos, Hersonissos at Anissaras
1604 Malia Mallia
1605 Milatos? Militos
1606 Olus, Olous, Olonte Elounda
1607 Kolokythia
1607.1 Temple of Ares, Aphrodite, Archaion Aphrodision Sto Pyrgo, near Ellinika
1608 Lato pros Kamara, Kamara, Camara Agios Nikolaos
1609 Istro West Istron
1609.1 Istro, port of Vrokastro Istron East, with Minoan Vrokastro site on top of the cliff
1610 Gournia
1610.1 Minoa Pachia Ammos
1611 Tholos due South of the isle of Psira
1612 Pseira East bay, on the isle of Psira, near famous Minoan shipwreck
1613 Caso near Mokhlos?
1614 Mochlos Mokhlos, small creek on the East side of the cape located in front of the islet
1615 port of Petra? Liopetro
1616 Setaea, Cetia, Etis Sitia, Sitaia, Siteia, Eteia,Etea
1617 Petras, Polichna? Port of Praisos Trypitos Setaea
1618 Dionysiades, Dionysa insulae Dionysiades islands, Dragonada, Gianisada and Paximada, South creek on the isle of Dragonada
1619 Samonio Prom. with temple of Athena Cape Sidero
1620 Ermoupolis, Rimopolis Itanos
1621 port of Dicte, Diktaios Palaiokastron, Petsofa, Eleia? Rousolakos, Eleia Chora, Mont Dicté, Dikti, East of Crete
1622 Kato Zakros
1623 Ambelos Ambelos, Xirokambos
1624 Syrinthos? Livari, near Atherinolakkos
1625 Leuke, on Leuke insula Isle of Koufonisi
1626 Stalai? Makrygialos, Diaskari
1627 Koutsounari & Agia Fotia Photia
1628 Hierapytna Ierapetra
1628.1 East cove, on the isle of Chryssi
1628.2 Cape Mouri, on the isle of Chryssi
1629 Gra Ligia, Gralivia Gra Lygia
1630 Myrtos Myrtos Pyrgos & Myrtos Phournou Koriphi
1631 Aria? Arvi
1632 Bieno, Biennus Keratokampos, near Kastri
1633 Inatos, Einatos, port of Priansos Tsoutsouros
1634 Plaka Tris Ekklisies
1635 Trypiti Trypiti
1636 Leben, Lebena, port of Gortyne Lendas
1637 Lasaia, Lasea, Halis islet of Trafos at Chrysostomos 2 km East of Kaloi Limenes. A rubble mound breakwater can be seen on Google Earth
1638 Beaux Ports, port of Lasée, Elyssa Kaloi Limenes. www.bilbiquest.org locates it in a bay now called « Kaloi Limenes » Good Ports. It is today a small LPG terminal. One wonders just why the captain preferred to winter at Loutro rather than here
1639 Matalon, Matalum Matala. N.C.Flemming and P.A. Pirazzoli, 1981 mention this slipway in the SE corner of the Matala creek
1640 Kommos, Amyklaion? Komo beach 1 km South of Kalamaki
1640.1 Kamilari
1641 Phaistos, Phestie Festos  (near Tympaki airport)
1641.1 Agia Triada
1642 Sulia, Soulia, Sulena, port of Sybrite Agia Galini, 6km NW of Tympaki Airport (shipwreck)
1643 Psycheion, Psyche Agios Pavlos
1644 Bionnos? Pyrgos, near Kerames
1644.1 Schinaria
1645 Lamone? Plakias Bay
1646 Port of Apollonia? Souda, near Sellia
1647 Agios Eustratios near Fragkokastello
1648 Phoenicis Portus, port of Phenix, Phoinix Loutro. Ptolemy locates Phoenicis Portus explicitely on the South coast at 20’ of latitude South of Phalasarna. St Luke indicates that the port of Phenix looks toward the SE and the NE (and not toward the NW and the SW) according to www.bibliquest.org who places it at Loutro, 6 km West of Sfakia
1649 Clauda, Claudia, Gaudus, Kaudos, Kyklos insula Isle of Gavdos
1650 Ambelos, Kaudos? Agios Ioannis, on the isle of Gavdos
1651 Tharro, Tarrha, Tarra Agia Roumeli
1652 Peocilassus, Paecilasso Tripiti
1653 Syba, Syia, Suja, port of Elyros Suia, shingle beach of Sougia
1654 Lissa, Lissus, 2nd port d’Elyros Lissos, 2 km West of Sougia
1655 Selino, Paleochora, port of Kalamyde, Calamyde Palaiochora, 12 km West of Sougia
1656 Agios Georgios near Grammeno
1657 Biennos?, Biennon Kriu, Krios, ancien Criu Metopon Agia Kyriaki: small creek on the SW side of Cape Krios
1658 Musagores Elafonisi
1659 Moni Chrisoskalitisas between Elafonisi and Stomio
1660 Rhamnus Portus Stomio. Ptolemy locates Rhamnus Portus at 10’ of latitude South of Phalasarna, near the beach of Stomio.
1660.1 Chersonesos Keramoti bay, near cape Karavoutas
1661 Sphinarion Sfinari
1662 Cyprus, archaic Alashiya, Iatnana, Iadnana Isle of Cyprus
1663 Akraia, Acra promontorio, Rizokarpason, Olympos?: two stations according to Stadiasmus Cape Apostolos Andreas, cape Zafer: NE tip of Cyprus
1664 Phileunte Altinkum plaji, Golden beach?
1665 Nisoi Karpassiai, Karpassia insulae Aghia Pappou on Chelones island now connected to the mainland
1666 Palaea, Cape Elea near Bafra
1667 Knidos near Agios Theodoros
1668 Alaas near Agios Theodoros
1669 Salamis, Salamine of Cyprus, port of archaic Enkomi-Alasia, Constantia 7 km North of Famagousta
1669.1 archaic Kalopsidha, now inland
1670 Ammochostos insulae islets in front of Famagousta
1671 Arsinoe of Salamis islets in front of Famagousta
1672 Leukolla, Leucolla Paralimni
1673 Cape Pedalium, Pedalio Cape Greco
1673.1 Roman villa at Kalogiannis
1673.2 Roman villa at Korakistres
1673.3 Roman villa at Ammos tou Kampouri
1674 Palio Khorio Palio Khorio near Aghia Napa
1674.1 Nissi Beach
1675 Thronoi? Liopetri Potamos
1675.1 Quarry at Mosphiloudia
1676 Koutsopetria
1677 Kition, Citium Larnaca, slipways at Bamboula
1677.1 Hala Sultan Tekke
1678 Palea Cape Petounda near Mazotos
1678.1 Maroni Tsaroukkas, anchors
1678.2 Maroni Vrysoudhia
1678.3 Zygi-Petrini, port of Kalavasos-Tenta? Roman amphora kiln
1678.3 Vasiliko-Zygi, port of Kalavasos-Tenta?
1678.4 Tochni Lakkia, port of Kalavasos-Tenta?
1679 Amathus, Amathonte 10 km East of Limassol
1680 Lemesos, Theodosiana, Neapolis Limassol
1680.1 Tarratsos
1681 Cargaeas, Cragaearum, Curias Cape Gata South of Limassol
1681.1 Akrotiri-Aetokremnos
1681.2 Dreamer’s Bay
1682 Kourion, Curium, Curiaco Episkopi Phaneromeni
1683 Tretis, Tretous Prom. Avdimou bay
1683.1 Teratsia, 5 km NW of Aphrodite’s birthplaces at Petra Tou Romiou
1684 Paleapaphos Kouklia
1685 Styllarka, at the outlet of R Xeros
1686 Anchorage of Zephyria Prom. Cape Zephyros, South of Mandria
1686.1 Roman villa at Agios Leontios
1687 Numenio islets near Cape Arsinoe ?
1688 Cape Arsinoe, Arsinoen, Arsinoe of Palaipaphos near Paphos
1689 Paphos, Paphon, with possible ancient lighthouse Paphos
1690 Alyki
1690.1 Kyssonerga-Mylouthkia
1690.2 archaic Maa-Palaiokastro Coral Bay
1691 Drepanon? Drepanum Prom. Agios Georgios Pegeias
1691.1 Akamas-Aspros at outlet of R Aspros at outlet of R Avakas
1692 Lara Lara Beach
1692.1 Drousha
1693 Akamas, Acamus Agios Epiphanios, near Cape Arnauti
1693.1 Lakki, Latchi
1694 Marionpolis, Arsinoe Marion Polis tis Khrysokhou
1694.1 Mansoura, between Kokkino, Erenköy and Kato Pyrgos
1695 Limenia? Limnitis, Yesilirmak
1695.1 Roman villa at Vouni
1696 Soloi, Soli, Solos, Aipeia? Potamos tou Kambou, west of Gemikonagi
1697 Melabron? near Agia Eirini
1698 Crommyaco, Krommyon Prom. Cape Kormakitis, Koruçam Burnu
1699 Lapathus, Lapethos, Lapithos, Phoinikon Lambousa near Kyrenia
1700 Cerynia, Keryneia, Keraunia Kyrenia, Girne
1701 Makaria, Macaria Moulos, Kücükerenköy
1702 Aphrodision Liastrika, Tatlisu
1703 Melandryna
1704 Kaplica, near Davlos
1705 Achaion Akte, beach of the Acheans near Galounia
1706 Karpaseia, Karpassia, Carpasie Aghios Philon, Dipkarpaz
1707 group of three byzantine churches at Aphendrika, Aphentrika
1708 Aera, Ourania Exarchos Bay