Ancient Authors

The references are listed as ancient authors and as modern authors.

The ancient authors are usually historians, philosophers or poets, but for this work the geographers retained most of our attention: Strabo, Pausanias, Pliny the Elder, Ptolemy, Avienus, Mela and others, some anonymous, who tell about their journeys like ‘Antonine’, ‘Scylax’, ‘Scymnos’, Pytheas, Hanno, Odysseus, Aeneas, Jason, Arrian in the Black Sea, Anonymous in the Red Sea.

The French translations of ancient texts that mention ports are available as a pdf version in Volume II of this work: “Citations des auteurs antiques”. The links to (mostly French) translations available on the web are also given hereunder.

The list of ancient authors is given in alphanumerical order. You will have to forgive the French habit to “francize” names and titles.

It is also interesting to have a look at the dates of the ancient authors. If we forget about the approximate and unknown dates, we can see they are scattered between 1500 BC and 500 AD (with a few exceptions). That is two thousand years! They certainly have not all seen the same port structures.